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地球科学进展  2004, Vol. 19 Issue (4): 585-590    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2004.04.0585
综述与评述     
遥感提取植物生理参数LAI/FPAR的研究进展与应用
吴炳方1;曾 源1;黄进良1,2
1.中国科学院遥感应用研究所,北京 100101;2.中国科学院测量与地球物理研究所,湖北 武汉 430077
OVERVIEW OF LAI/FPAR RETRIEVAL FROM REMOTELY SENSED DATA
WU Bing-fang1;ZENG Yuan1; HUANG Jin-liang1,2
1. Institute of Remote Sensing Applications, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;2. Institute of Geodesy and Geophysics, CAS, Wuhan 430077, China
 全文: PDF(106 KB)  
摘要:

植物生理参数LAI/FPAR是2个重要的陆地特征参量。利用遥感光谱模型并结合地面验证是提取区域尺度的LAI/FPAR最有效的途径。提取LAI/FPAR的模型主要有光谱指数模型和辐射传输模型两类,经过精确的辐射标定和大气纠正的遥感数据可以得到较高精度的LAI/FPAR数据。影响LAI/FPAR精度的因素很多,其中主要因素是像元的异质性、植被类型和物候期等。LAI/FPAR与作物产量有更直接的关系,也是大量作物生长模型的基础,利用这些参数可以实现真实的作物产量预测,特别是开展全球尺度的单产预测。

关键词: 植物生理参数遥感提取LAIFPAR    
Abstract:

Vegetation biophysical variables, LAI and FPAR, are the most important terrestrial properties. For acquiring these variables in local scale, the most effective approach is by remote sensing models combined with the groundbased validation. Spectral index model and radiant transmission model are two kinds of key methods. Through the precise radiometric and atmospheric correction, it is possible to obtain the LAI/FPAR products with a high accuracy. There are several factors influencing the accuracy of these products, such as the pixel heterogeneity, vegetation types and growing seasons. LAI and FPAR have the compact relationship with crop yield and they are also the basic variables of many crop growth models. Using them could realize the true yield prediction, especially for estimating the production in the global scale.

Key words: Vegetation biophysical variables    Remotely sensed acquisition    LAI    FPAR
收稿日期: 2003-04-30 出版日期: 2004-08-01
:  TP79  
基金资助:

中国科学院知识创新工程项目“植被群落遥感定量监测与巡视技术”(编号:KZCX3-SW-334)和“全球农作物遥感估产研究”(编号:KZCX2-313)资助

通讯作者: 吴炳方(1962-),男,江西省玉山人,研究员,主要从事农业与生态环境遥感研究.     E-mail: E-mail: wubf@irsa.ac.cn
作者简介: 吴炳方(1962-),男,江西省玉山人,研究员,主要从事农业与生态环境遥感研究.E-mail: wubf@irsa.ac.cn
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引用本文:

吴炳方;曾源;黄进良;. 遥感提取植物生理参数LAI/FPAR的研究进展与应用[J]. 地球科学进展, 2004, 19(4): 585-590.

WU Bing-fang;ZENG Yuan;HUANG Jin-liang1,. OVERVIEW OF LAI/FPAR RETRIEVAL FROM REMOTELY SENSED DATA. Advances in Earth Science, 2004, 19(4): 585-590.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2004.04.0585        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2004/V19/I4/585

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