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地球科学进展  2009, Vol. 24 Issue (7): 803-809    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2009.07.0803
地面观测方案     
青海云杉林叶面积指数半球摄影测量方法研究
凌飞龙1,2,李增元1*,陈尔学1,何祺胜3
1.中国林业科学研究院资源信息研究所,北京  100091; 2.福州大学空间信息工程研究中心,福建  福州  350002; 3.中国科学院遥感应用研究所,北京  100101
Leaf Area Index Estimation for Qinghai Spruce Forest Using Digital Hemispherical Photography
Ling Feilong1,2,Li Zengyuan1,Chen Erxue1,He Qisheng3
1.Institute of Forest Resources Information Research, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Beijing  100091, China;
2.Spatial Information Research Center, Fuzhou University, Fuzhou  350002, China;
3.Institute of Remote Sensing Applications, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing  100101, China
 全文: PDF(1541 KB)  
摘要:

在介绍原理的基础上,首先分析了相机曝光对高质量鱼眼照片获取的影响,提出了一种野外操作可行的最佳曝光参数设置方法:将曝光量相对林下自动曝光量调低两步,即固定光圈,把快门速度相对林下自动曝光速度调快两步。随后分析了鱼眼照片3个波段对天空—树叶分类乃至孔隙率和LAI计算的影响,提出了鱼眼照片处理的基本流程,该流程主要要求选择蓝波段图像进行分析和利用0~60°天顶角范围内的图像参与LAI计算。通过对青海云杉林LAI多仪器同步观测实验对比证明:用提出的曝光方法和数据处理流程得到的LAI与LAI-2000测值基本相当,具有很好的应用前景。

关键词: 叶面积指数LAI半球摄影鱼眼镜头曝光青海云杉    
Abstract:

After the fundamental basics of leaf area index measurement by optical instrument and digital hemispherical photography were introduced, the impact of the camera exposures was analyzed for high quality fish-eye photo acquisition. We proposed a new method for camera settings. The optimum exposure would be two stops less exposure than the referenced exposure, which is measured by automatic exposure with the stands. This setting could be achieved by fixing the aperture and tuning the shuttle speed. The three bands of the photo were also compared to select the best one for sky-foliage segmentation. A digital photo processing procedure was proposed including selecting the blue band and using the area covering the 0~60° zenith angles for LAI calculation. Consistence was achieved between our results and those from LAI-2000 thanks to the multi-equipment comparison experiments on LAI measurement of Qinghai spruce.

Key words: Leaf area index    Hemispherical photography    Fish-eye lens    Exposure    Qinghai spruce
收稿日期: 2009-04-28 出版日期: 2009-07-10
:  P407   
基金资助:

国家重点基础研究发展计划项目“陆表生态环境要素主被动协同反演理论与方法”(编号:2007CB714404);中国科学院西部行动计划(二期)项目“黑河流域遥感—地面观测同步试验与综合模拟平台建设”( 编号:KZCX2-XB2-09)资助.

通讯作者: 李增元(1959-),男,内蒙古呼和浩特人,研究员,主要从事森林遥感研究.     E-mail: zengyuan.li@caf.ac.cn
作者简介: 凌飞龙(1977-),男,湖南桃源人,博士研究生,主要从事森林遥感研究.E-mail:flling@caf.ac.cn
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引用本文:

凌飞龙,李增元,陈尔学,何祺胜. 青海云杉林叶面积指数半球摄影测量方法研究[J]. 地球科学进展, 2009, 24(7): 803-809.

Ling Feilong,Li Zengyuan,Chen Erxue,He Qisheng. Leaf Area Index Estimation for Qinghai Spruce Forest Using Digital Hemispherical Photography. Advances in Earth Science, 2009, 24(7): 803-809.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2009.07.0803        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2009/V24/I7/803

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