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地球科学进展  2013, Vol. 28 Issue (1): 51-61    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2013.01.0051
综述与评述     
高砷地下水研究的热点及发展趋势
贾永锋,郭华明*
1.中国地质大学(北京)生物地质与环境地质国家重点实验室,北京100083;
2.中国地质大学(北京)水资源与环境学院,北京100083
Hot Topics and Trends in the Study of High Arsenic Groundwater
Jia Yongfeng, Guo Huaming
1.State Key Laboratory of Biogeology and Environmental Geology, China University of Geosciences, Beijing100083, China; 2.School of Water Resources and Environment, China University of Geosciences, Beijing100083, China
 全文: PDF(5164 KB)  
摘要:

全球范围内广泛分布的高砷地下水给人们的健康造成了极大的威胁。高砷地下水的形成机理是一项世界性的科学问题。介绍了高砷地下水的分布特点、富集机理,阐明了溶解性有机物、地下水流动特征对高砷地下水形成的影响机制。现今的研究揭示了有机物和微生物协同作用下高砷地下水的形成过程,并且在高砷地下水的空间分布、时间变化特征以及人类活动对高砷地下水形成的影响等方面取得了一些创新性成果。这3方面的研究也逐渐成为近些年高砷地下水研究的热点。这些研究不仅丰富了砷迁移转化的理论成果,而且有助于开辟低砷水源,保障水资源的可持续利用,具有重要的理论和现实意义。

关键词: 高砷地下水溶解性有机物地下水流动人类活动    
Abstract:

High-arsenic groundwater widely spreads in the world, which has posed a great threat to human health. Mechanisms of arsenic mobilization in aquifer systems have been considered to be worldwide scientific issues. We outline characteristics of spatial distribution of high-arsenic groundwater and arsenic enrichment mechanisms. Controls of dissolved organic matter and groundwater flow on arsenic mobilization in groundwater are reviewed and discussed. Recent studies reveal synergistic effect of dissolved organic matter and microbial processes on genesis of high arsenic groundwater. Spatial and temporal variations of higharsenic groundwater and anthropogenic activities affecting the high-arsenic groundwater distribution have recently been characterized, and gradually become the hot topics in this field. These aspects are of great significance in enriching our understanding of transportation and transformation in aquifer systems and finding low-arsenic water resources for sustainable water development in arsenic-affected areas.

Key words: High Arsenic groundwater    Dissolved organic matter    Groundwater flow    Anthropogenic activities
收稿日期: 2012-08-16 出版日期: 2013-01-10
:  P641.3  
基金资助:

国家自然科学基金项目“地下水生物地球化学”(编号:41222020)和“高砷地下水溶解性有机物特征及其对砷的生物地球化学作用机理”(编号:41172224);国家重点基础研究发展计划项目“人类活动条件下地下水数量和质量演变机理与趋势”(编号:2010CB428804)资助.

通讯作者: 郭华明(1975-),男,江西乐安人,教授,主要从事地下水环境研究.     E-mail: hmguo@cugb.edu.cn
作者简介: 贾永锋(1988-),男,安徽舒城人,博士研究生,主要从事地下水环境研究.E-mail:jiaziwoneng@yahoo.com.cn
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引用本文:

贾永锋,郭华明. 高砷地下水研究的热点及发展趋势[J]. 地球科学进展, 2013, 28(1): 51-61.

Jia Yongfeng, Guo Huaming. Hot Topics and Trends in the Study of High Arsenic Groundwater. Advances in Earth Science, 2013, 28(1): 51-61.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2013.01.0051        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2013/V28/I1/51

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