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地球科学进展  2010, Vol. 25 Issue (5): 523-532    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2010.05.0523
研究论文     
中坝和中堡岛遗址文化堆积连续性的自然及人类活动因素
史威1,2,李世杰1,马春梅3,朱诚3,张蕾1,2
1.中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所,江苏  南京  210008;   2.江苏教育学院地理系,江苏  南京  210013;3.南京大学地理与海洋科学学院,江苏  南京  210093
Natural and Human Factors on The Successive Deposits of Cultural Layers in Zhongba and Zhongbaodao Sites
Shi Wei1,2,Li Shijie1,Ma Chunmei3, Zhu Cheng3,Zhang Lei1,2
1.Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology, CAAS, Nanjing  210008, China;2. Department of Geography, Jiangsu Institute of Education, Nanjing  210013, China; 3. Institute of Oceanology & Geography Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing  210093, China
 全文: PDF(2970 KB)  
摘要:

  中坝和中堡岛遗址文化堆积的持久连续性在长江三峡地区是绝无仅有的,它是由自然和人类活动两方面因素共同作用的结果。遗址文化堆积由最初发育在河流宽谷区山前古冲积扇体或山前台地上,到逐渐发展演变为堆积在“河中岛”或“江中岛”上,特殊的地貌和沉积条件是促成这两处遗址文化层连续不间断发育的自然基础。长期的盐业、种植业以及渔捞作业是人类活动不间断发生于此的内在驱动力,并构成文化堆积连续发生的人类活动因素。“中坝人”和“中堡岛人”资源环境感知的形成是人类在长期实践活动中与自然环境互动作用的结果,遗址中文化层间所夹洪水淤砂层以及文化层中所含洪水沉积物,非但没有阻碍或中断两处遗址人类活动的连续性,反而成为促进或稳固文化堆积体持续成长的重要物质因素。

关键词: 长江三峡地区中坝和中堡岛遗址文化堆积连续性自然环境因素人类活动因素    
Abstract:

  The successive accumulation of cultural layers in Zhongba and Zhongbaodao sites is unique in the Three Gorges Region, which is a result of joint action of nature and human activities. Zhongba and Zhongbaodao sites formed first on the paleo-alluvial fan or piedmont terrace to gradually evolved into on the river islands in the broad valley. The exceptional physiognomy and depositional condition are the natural base of successive development of the two sites′ cultural layers. The salt industry, planting and fishing activities that appeared here ever since a long time ago were the internal driving force of durative human activities, which constitutes the human factor of the successive deposits of cultural layers. The perceptions of resources and environment of “Zhongba Man” and “Zhongbaodao Man” were the results that interacted between mankind and environment during the long survival practice, and instead of hindering or interrupting the continuity of the two sites′ human activities, the flood layers or flood deposits contained in the cultural layers turned into the important physical factors in promoting or firming the successive accumulation of cultural layers. 
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Key words: The Three Gorges Region    Zhongba and Zhongbaodao sites    The successive deposits of cultural layers    Natural factor    Human factor.
收稿日期: 2009-11-29 出版日期: 2010-05-10
:  K872  
基金资助:

国家自然科学基金项目“中国东部季风区高山泥炭高分辨率记录的全新世气候与古生态变化研究”(编号:40701190);江苏教育学院“十一五”科研规划基金项目“太湖地区全新世环境演变及其人类活动响应”(编号:Jsjy2009zd05)资助

通讯作者: 史威     E-mail: geo_shiwei@126.com
作者简介: 史威(1966-),男,陕西渭南人,副教授,主要从事环境演变与全球变化研究. E-mail:geo_shiwei@126.com
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引用本文:

史威,李世杰,马春梅,朱诚,张蕾. 中坝和中堡岛遗址文化堆积连续性的自然及人类活动因素[J]. 地球科学进展, 2010, 25(5): 523-532.

Shi Wei,Li Shijie,Ma Chunmei, Zhu Cheng,Zhang Lei. Natural and Human Factors on The Successive Deposits of Cultural Layers in Zhongba and Zhongbaodao Sites. Advances in Earth Science, 2010, 25(5): 523-532.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2010.05.0523        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2010/V25/I5/523

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