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地球科学进展  2013, Vol. 28 Issue (1): 39-50    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2013.01.0039
综述与评述     
碎屑岩储层成岩相研究现状及进展
赖锦1,王贵文1,2,王书南1,郑懿琼3,吴恒1,张永辰1
1.中国石油大学(北京)地球科学学院,北京102249; 
2.中国石油大学(北京)油气资源与探测国家重点实验室,北京102249;
3.中国石油新疆油田公司新疆克拉玛依采油一厂地质所,新疆克拉玛依834000
Research Status and Advances in the Diagenetic Facies of Clastic Reservoirs
Lai Jin1, Wang Guiwen1,2, Wang Shu’nan1, Zheng Yiqiong3, Wu Heng1, Zhang Yongchen1
1. College of Geosciences, China University of Petroleum, Beijing102249, China;
2.State Key Laboratory of Petroleum Resource and Prospecting,China University of Petroleum,Beijing102249,China;
3.Xingjiang Kelamayi No.1 Production Plant, Kelamayi834000, China
 全文: PDF(1024 KB)  
摘要:

现今在以岩性和地层等隐蔽油气藏为主要目标的油气勘探实践中发现储集体的质量主要受构造相、沉积相和成岩相的综合影响,在烃源岩和构造等成藏基本地质条件明确的情况下,寻找受成岩相控制的优质储集体是油气勘探工作的重点和难点。目前国内外关于碎屑岩储层成岩相的研究尚处于探索阶段,在成岩相的分类命名方案、定量表征参数等方面尚未完全达成共识,而且缺乏完善的成岩相的地球物理表征方法。在阅读国内外大量文献的基础上,概述了成岩相概念的提出以及发展历程;归纳了成岩相的控制因素、研究内容、划分依据、分类方法、命名方案和定量评价标准;总结了成岩相在油气勘探各个环节中的应用;最后探讨了现阶段成岩相研究中尚存的问题。在此基础上,就未来成岩相研究的发展方向做出展望,以期能有效推动成岩相研究相关的理论和技术的深入发展。

关键词: 成岩相沉积相储层物性储层评价与预测    
Abstract:

Nowadays, most of the continental oil fields in China have stepped into the petroleum exploration stage, and the main exploration targets aim at the subtle reservoirs such as lithologic and stratigraphic reservoirs. In the practice of the petroleum exploration and development, scholars and experts gradually realize that the reservoir property is the consequence of the combined effects of tectonic facies, sedimentary facies and diagenetic facies. As a result, the research of diagenetic facies occupies an important position in reservoir evaluation and prediction under some specifical background of tectonic and sedimentary facies. In other words, if the basic geological conditions for reservoir formatting such as source rock, tectonic and sedimentary characteristics are already clear and definite, then the crucial points for petroleum exploration are how to figure out the distribution zones of the high-quality reservoirs which are mainly controlled by diagenetic facies. But up to now, the related research of diagenetic facies in clastic reservoir at home and abroad is still at the exploratory stage, and there is very little consensus about the category basis, naming scheme and quantitative characterization parameters and so on. Even more unfortunately, there are no perfect technology and theory systems on the study of logging and seismic response characteristics of various diagenetic facies. On the basis of literatures study both at home and abroad, this article mainly talks about the progress made by the diagenetic facies research since the 1990s from the following aspects: ① the concept of diagenetic facies and its development progress; ② the content, category basis, classification method, quantitative characterization parameters and naming scheme of diagenetic facies; ③ the application of diagenetic facies to the practice of petroleum exploration and development; ④ The present problems and the future trends of this research technique were also discussed for the deep development of relative theory and technology of diagenetic facies effectively. From what has been discussed above, the author then puts forward the future development direction of diagenetic facies and hopes to promote the deep development of relative theory and technology of diagenetic facies effectively.

Key words: Diagenetic facies    Sedimentary facies    Reservoir property    Reservoir evaluation and prediction
收稿日期: 2012-09-20 出版日期: 2013-01-10
ZTFLH:  P618.130.2  
基金资助:

国家大型油气田及煤层气开发科技重大专项“低渗透碎屑岩储层品质与岩石物理相测井评价方法”(编号:2011ZX05020-008)资助.

通信作者: 赖锦(1988-),男,江西赣州人,博士研究生,主要从事沉积学、储层地质学与测井地质学研究.     E-mail: sisylaijin@163.com
作者简介: 赖锦(1988-),男,江西赣州人,博士研究生,主要从事沉积学、储层地质学与测井地质学研究.E-mail:sisylaijin@163.com
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引用本文:

赖锦,王贵文,王书南,郑懿琼,吴恒,张永辰. 碎屑岩储层成岩相研究现状及进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2013, 28(1): 39-50.

Lai Jin, Wang Guiwen, Wang Shu’nan, Zheng Yiqiong, Wu Heng, Zhang Yongchen. Research Status and Advances in the Diagenetic Facies of Clastic Reservoirs. Advances in Earth Science, 2013, 28(1): 39-50.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2013.01.0039        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2013/V28/I1/39

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