Please wait a minute...
img img
高级检索
地球科学进展  2008, Vol. 23 Issue (4): 342-349    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2008.04.0342
综述与评述     
氯代挥发性有机物(VOCs)氯同位素测试技术及其在地下水污染中的应用研究进展
周爱国,李小倩,刘存富,周建伟,蔡鹤生,余婷婷
中国地质大学环境学院,湖北 武汉 430074
Review of Analytical Methods for Chlorine Isotopes in Chlorinated Volatile Organic Compounds and Application in Groundwater Contamination
Zhou Aiguo,Li Xiaoqian,Liu Cunfu,Zhou Jianwei,Cai Hesheng,Yu Tingting
School of Environment ,China University of Geosciences,Wuhan 430074,China
 全文: PDF(1541 KB)  
摘要:

在有机氯污染的研究中,氯同位素(37Cl)的应用能够在原子水平上识别污染源并研究污染机理,为更加有效地研究地下水的有机污染提供了有利的工具。综述了8种氯代VOCs氯同位素的测试方法与技术,论述了氯代VOCs氯同位素在识别地下水污染源、监测有机污染物的降解过程、检验防治措施的修复效果、鉴别氯代VOCs的生产厂商、示踪氯代VOCs在土壤和水体中的迁移和混合过程等方面的应用,认为应尽快在国内研制先进的测试流程,开展有机氯同位素分馏机理的研究,加强应用C和Cl同位素技术对氯代VOCs污染和检测修复效果的研究。

关键词: 氯代挥发性有机物(VOCs)地下水污染氯同位素分析技术    
Abstract:

Organic contamination in groundwater and the impact on human health have been a growing concern. In the study of organic chlorine pollution, applying chlorine isotope (37Cl) can be applied to identify pollution sources and to study pollution mechanism at the atomic level, providing a favorable tool for more effective work on the organic pollution of groundwater. In this paper, eight kinds of chlorinated VOCs chlorine isotopic testing methods and techniques were discussed on the basis of the literatures information at home and abroad. And some applications of the chlorinated VOCs chlorine isotopes were shown, including the identification of groundwater pollution sources, monitoring the process of degradation of organic pollutants, verifying results of the restoration measures, distinguishing the manufacturers of Chlorinated VOCs and tracing the migration and the mixing process of chlorinated VOCs in soil and water. Advanced testing process should be developed and studies should be carried out on the mechanism of organic chlorine isotopes fractionation as soon as possible in China. At the same time, the use of C and Cl isotopes technology in chlorinated VOCs contamination and restoration should also be enhanced.

Key words: Chlorinated VOCs    Groundwater contamination    Cl isotope(37Cl)    Analytical techniques.
收稿日期: 2007-12-10 出版日期: 2008-04-10
:  P595  
基金资助:

国家自然科学基金项目“氯代VOCs氯同位素在线测试技术及其在地下水污染研究中的应用”(编号:40772156)资助.

通讯作者: 周爱国     E-mail: aiguozhou@cug.edu.cn
作者简介: 周爱国(1966-),男,湖北仙桃人,教授,博士,主要从事环境地质、同位素水文学研究.E-mail:aiguozhou@cug.edu.cn
服务  
把本文推荐给朋友
加入引用管理器
E-mail Alert
RSS
作者相关文章  
周爱国
刘存富
余婷婷
蔡鹤生
周建伟
李小倩

引用本文:

周爱国,李小倩,刘存富,周建伟,蔡鹤生,余婷婷. 氯代挥发性有机物(VOCs)氯同位素测试技术及其在地下水污染中的应用研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2008, 23(4): 342-349.

Zhou Aiguo,Li Xiaoqian,Liu Cunfu,Zhou Jianwei,Cai Hesheng,Yu Tingting. Review of Analytical Methods for Chlorine Isotopes in Chlorinated Volatile Organic Compounds and Application in Groundwater Contamination. Advances in Earth Science, 2008, 23(4): 342-349.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2008.04.0342        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2008/V23/I4/342

[1] Mc Culloch AMidgley P M. The production and global distribution of emissions of trichloroethylenetetrachloroethylene and dichloroethylene over the period 1988-1992 [J]. Atmospheric Environment199630: 601-608. 

[2] Michael L CPellizzari E DNorwood D L. Application of the masteranalytical scheme to the determination of volatile organics in wastewater influents and effluents [J]. Enviroment Science and Technology199125: 150-155.

[3] Guo YonghaiShen ZhaoliLiu Shufanget al. Organic chlorine pollution of the Hebei Plain groundwater and its relative antifouling properties [J]. Hydrogeology and Engineering Geology19961: 40-42.[郭永海,沈照理,刘淑芳,等. 河北平原地下水有机氯污染及其与防污性能的关系[J]. 水文地质工程地质,19961: 40-42.]

[4] Wu YuchengZhong ZuoshenZhang Jianli. Under the conditions of denitrifying the microbial degradation of benzene and toluene in the groundwater [J]. China Environmental Science Acta199919:505-509.[吴玉成,钟佐燊,张建立.反硝化条件下微生物降解地下水中的苯和甲苯[J]. 中国环境科学学报,199919: 505-509.] 

[5] Fu SurongWang YanxinCai Heshenget al. Vulnerability to contamination of groundwater in urban regions [J]. Earth Sciences2000255: 482-486.[傅素蓉,王焰新,蔡鹤生,等. 城市地下水污染敏感性分析[J]. 地球科学,2000255: 482-486.]

[6] Chen YudaoZhu XueyuLiu Jianli. End-result and governance proposals of benzene in the groundwater source of Dawu in the city of Zibo [J]. Chinese Science Bulletin1998431: 81-85.[陈余道,朱学愚,刘建立. 淄博市大武水源地地下水中苯的归宿与治理建议[J]. 科学通报,1998431: 81-85.] 

[7] Shields W RMurphy T JGarner E Let al. Absolute isotopic abundance ratio and the atomic weight of chlorine [J]. Journal of the American Chemical Society196284:1 519-1 522.

[8] Vengosh AChivas A RMcCulloch M T. Direct deterimination of boron and chlorine isotopic compositions in geological materials by negative thermal ionization mass spectrometry [J]. Chemical Geology198979: 333-343.

[9] Xiao Y KZhang C G. High precision isotopic measurement of chlorine by thermal ionization mass spectrometry of the Cs2Cl+ ion [J]. International Jouranl Mass Spectrum Ion Processes1992116: 183-192. 

[10] Kaufmanu R SLong ABentley Het al. Natural chlorine isotope variation [J]. Nature1984309: 335-340. 

[11] Liu CunfuWang PeiyiZhou Lian. Preparative method of high-precision measurement of chlorine stable isotope [J]. Geological Science and Technology Information1995141: 94-98.[刘存富,王佩仪,周炼. 高精度测量稳定氯同位素的制样方法[J]. 地质科技情报,1995141: 94-98.] 

[12] Tanaka NRye D M. Chlorine in the stratosphere [J]. Nature1991353: 707. 

[13] Van Warmerdam E MFrape S KAravena Ret al. Stable chlorine and carbon isotope measurements of selected chlorinated organic solvents [J]. Applied Geochemistry199510: 547-552.

[14] Long AEastoe C JKaufmann R Set al. High-Precision measurement of chlorine stable isotope ratios [J]. Geochimicaet Cosmochimisca Acta199357: 2 907-2 912. 

[15] Holt B DSturchio N CAbrajano T Aet al. Conversion of chlorinated volatile organic compounds to carbon dioxide and methyl chloride for isotopic analysis of carbon and chlorine [J]. Analytical Chemistry199769: 2 727-2 733. 

[16] Holt B DHeraty L JSturchio N C. Extraction of chlorinated aliphatic hydrocarbons from groundwater at micromolar concentrations for isotopic analysis of chlorine [J]. Evironmental Pollution2001113: 263-269. 

[17] Jendrzejewski NEggenkamp H G MColeman M L. Sequential determination of chlorine and carbon isotopic composition in single microliter sample of chlorinated solvent [J]. Analytical Chemistry199769: 4 259-4 266. 

[18] Numata MNakamura NKoshikawa Het al. Chlorine stable isotope measurements of chlorinated aliphatic hydrocarbons by thermal ionization mass spectrometry [J]. Analytical Chemistry200476: 2 326-2 342. 

[19] Holmstrand HAndersson PGustafsson O. Chlorine isotope analysis of submicromole organochlorine samples by seal sube combustion and thermal ionization mass spectrometry [J]. Analytical Chemistry200476: 2 326-2 342. 

[20] Shouakar-stash ODrimmie R JZhang Minet al. Compound-specific chlorine isotope ratios of TCEPCE and DCE isomers by direct injection using CF-IRMS [J]. Applytical Geochemistry200621: 766-781.

[21] Rees C E. Snlphur isotope measurement using SO2 and SF6 [J]. Geochimistry Cosmochimistry Acta197842: 383-389. 

[22] Van Acker M R M DShahar AYoung E Det al. GC/Multiple collector-ICPMS method for chlorione stable isotope analysis of chlorinated aliphatic hydrocarbons [J]. Analytical Chemistry200678: 4 663-4 667. 

[23] Andrews J NFontes J C. Importance of the in-situ production of 36Cl36Ar and 14C in hydrology and hydrogeochemistry [C]Isotope Techniques in Water Resources Development.Vienna: IAEA1992245-269. 

[24] Fontes J C. Chemical and isotopic constraints on 14C dating of groundwater [C]Taylor A L R EKra R S. Radiocarbon after Four Decades.New York: Springer1992242-261. 

[25] Wassenaar L IAravena RFritz P. Radiocarbon content of dissolved organic and inorganic carbon in shallow groundwater systemsimplications for groundwater dating [C]Use of Isotope Techniques in Water Resource Developments. IAEAVienna1992:143-151.

[26] Aravena RWassenaar L I. Dissolved organic carbon and methane in a regional confined aquifersouthern OntarioCanada: Carbon isotope evidence for associated subsurface sources [J]. Applied Geochemistry19938: 483-493. 

[27] Gonfiantini RFröhlich KAraguás-Araguás Let al. Isotopes in groundwater hydrology [C]Kendall CMcDonnell J J. Isotope Tracers in Catchment Hydrology. AmsterdamElsevier Science199817: 203-246. 

[28] Wang YHuntington T GOsher L Jet al. Carbon cycling in terrestrial environments [C]Kendall CMcDonnell J J. Isotope Tracers in Catchment Hydrology.Amsterdam: Elsevier Science199817: 577-610. 

[29] Sturchio N CClausen J LHeraty L Jet al. Chlorine isotope investigation of natural attenuation of trichloroethylene in aerobic aquifer [J]. Environmental Science and Technology199832: 3 037-3 042. 

[30] Pavlostathlis S GJaglal K. Desorptive behavior of trichloroethylene in contaminated soil [J]. Environmental Science and Technology199125: 274-279.

[31] Sturchio N CClausen J LHeraty L Jet al. Chlorine isotope investigation of natural attenuation of trichloroethene in an aerobic aquifer [J]. Environmental Science and Technology199832: 3 037-3 042. 

[32] Heraty L TFuller M EHuang Let al. Isotopic fractionation of carbon and chlorine by microbial degradation of dichloromethane [J]. Organic Geochemistry199930: 793-799. 

[33] Huang LSturchio N CAbrajano Tet al. Carbon and chlorine isotope fractionation of chlorinated aliphatic hydrocarbons by evaporation [J]. Organic Geochemistry199930: 777-785.

[34] Slater G FAhad J M ELollar B Set al. Carbon isotope effects resulting from equilibrium sorption of dissolved VOCs [J]. Analytical Chemistry200072: 5 669-5 672. 

[35] Numata MNakamura NKoshikawa Het al. Chlorine isotope fractionation during reductive dechlorination of chlorinated ethenes by anaerobic bacteria [J]. Environmental Scicence Technology2002b36: 4 389-4 394. 

[36] Jendrzejewski NEggenkamp H G MColeman M Let al. Characterisation of chlorinated hydrocarbon from chlorine and carbon to environmental problems [J]. Applied Geochemistry200116: 1 021-1 031. 

[37] Beneteau K MAravena RFrape S Ket al. Isotopic characterization of chlorinated solvents-loborator and field results [J]. Organic Geochemistry199930: 739-753.

[1] 滕彦国,苏洁,翟远征,王金生. 地下水污染风险评价的迭置指数法研究综述[J]. 地球科学进展, 2012, 27(10): 1140-1147.
[2] 高霏,刘菲,陈鸿汉. 三氯乙烯污染土壤和地下水污染源区的修复研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2008, 23(8): 821-829.
[3] 郎赟超,刘丛强,Satake H.,WuJiahong,李思亮. 贵阳地表水—地下水的硫和氯同位素组成特征及其污染物示踪意义[J]. 地球科学进展, 2008, 23(2): 151-159.
[4] 吴剑锋;郑春苗. 地下水污染监测网的设计研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2004, 19(3): 429-436.
[5] 刘卫国,彭子成,肖应凯 . 硼、氯同位素测定方法及地球化学研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 1998, 13(6): 547-554.