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地球科学进展  2001, Vol. 16 Issue (3): 413-420    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2001.03.0413
全球变化研究     
北大西洋涛动变率研究进展
龚道溢1,周天军2,王绍武3
1.北京师范大学资源科学研究所,环境演变与自然灾害教育部重点实验室,北京  100875;
2.中国科学院大气物理研究所,北京  100029;
3..北京大学地球物理系,北京  100871
ADVANCE IN THE STUDIES ON NORTH ATLANTIC OSCILLATION(NAO)
GONG Dao-yi1, ZHOU Tian-jun2, WANG Shao-wu3
1.Institute of Resources Science,Beijing Normal University,Beijing, 100875,China;
2.Institute of Atmospheric Physics,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing100029,China;
3.Department of Geophysics,Peking University,Beijing100871,China
 全文: PDF 
摘要:

介绍了近年来北大西洋涛动研究的最新进展。NAO指数序列的建立取得了很多成果,包括一些观测气象记录的序列以及利用树木年轮、冰芯等代用资料建立的近300多年的序列,这些长的序列显示NAO不仅有突出的年际变率,也有显著的年代际变率。总结了NAO对地面温度、降水、北大西洋飓风和北半球臭氧等影响的一些研究成果。NAO的低频变率可能与气候系统内部的相互作用以及外部强迫有关。许多模拟研究发现NAO与温盐环流有密切的联系,但是这种关系还有待观测资料的证实。全球气候变暖也可能是影响NAO变率的一个不可忽视的因素。

关键词: 北大西洋涛动(NAO)变率NAO序列    
Abstract:

The recent advances in the studies on the North Atlantic oscillation(NAO) are reviewed. Some long time series of NAO index are established using both the instrumental and proxy data. The instrumental series is now extended back to AD1825. Proxy NAO indices reconstructed using tree ring data and/or ice core now attract more attention. Multiple proxy reconstruction is now widely accepted for the purpose to reduce the uncertainty regarding of the individual proxy. As long as about three centuries’ proxy NAO indices provide good representation of variability in natural context. The impacts of NAO on the climate are now studied in more details and have been connected to Arctic oscillation (AO). NAO and AO are the two paradigms of one phenomenon. Some model studies confirm that the thermohaline circulation (THC) may plays very important role in the low frequency of NAO. Some other external forces such as ozone and greenhouse warming are also considered as potential contributor to the observed recent trends in NAO.

Key words: Variability    North Atlantic Oscillations    NAO
收稿日期: 2000-09-18 出版日期: 2001-06-01
:  P467  
基金资助:

国家重点基础研究发展规划项目“我国重大气候灾害的形成机理和预测理论研究”(编号:G1998040900);国家自然科学基金重点项目“20世纪中国与全球气候变率研究”(编号:49635190)资助.

通讯作者: 龚道溢(1969-),男,湖南石门人,博士,主要从事气候诊断分析与全球变化研究.      E-mail: gdy@pku.edu.cn
作者简介: 龚道溢(1969-),男,湖南石门人,博士,主要从事气候诊断分析与全球变化研究. E-mail:gdy@pku.edu.cn.
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引用本文:

龚道溢,周天军,王绍武. 北大西洋涛动变率研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2001, 16(3): 413-420.

GONG Dao-yi, ZHOU Tian-jun, WANG Shao-wu. ADVANCE IN THE STUDIES ON NORTH ATLANTIC OSCILLATION(NAO). Advances in Earth Science, 2001, 16(3): 413-420.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2001.03.0413        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2001/V16/I3/413

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