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地球科学进展  2000, Vol. 15 Issue (1): 58-64    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2000.01.0058
综述与评述     
海洋中氮营养盐循环及其模型研究
任 玲,杨 军
青岛海洋大学化学化工学院,山东 青岛 266003
NITROGEN NUTRIENTS CYCLING IN MARINE ENVIRONMENT AND ITS MODELING RESEARCH
REN Ling,YANG Jun
College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering,Ocean University of Qingdao,Qingdao266003,China
 全文: PDF(284 KB)  
摘要:

对某一海区营养盐的去向、不同形态间的相互转化及其与生物相关的过程的研究是研究整个海洋生态系统的基础和关键。氮是海洋环境中主要的营养元素之一,并被认为是大部分海区的限制营养元素。人们对于氮在海洋环境中的循环过程的研究随着分析方法及对化学和生物知识的掌握和理解而不断加深。模型研究是研究海洋生态系统的一个有效方法,营养盐循环模型是其中重要的环节,随着理论和观测数据的补充而不断发展。综述了海洋环境中氮营养盐循环主要过程的实验研究,主要包括:浮游植物的吸收、氮的再生、微生物在其循环中的作用、不同形态氮的化学转化、水体-沉积物界面等,及其相关过程近十年来模型化研究的进展。

关键词: 氮营养盐循环过程生态模型研究海洋环境    
Abstract:

As an important nutrient element, nitrogen nutrient cycling is essential for the marine ecosystem research. It was the limited nutrient element for phytoplankton in most area in the past twenty years. Studies on nitrogen cycling in marine environment steps with the development of the analytical techniques and the knowledge of biological oceanography. Simulated modeling is one of the useful methods for studying marine ecosystem, describing ecological processes by methmatic equations. Various of models with various purposes were developed during the past fifty years. Advances in studies on nitrogen cycling processes including: phytoplankton uptake, nitrogen regeneration, transformation and interaction between pelagic and sediment, as well as relative simulated models are reviewed in this paper.

Key words: Ecosystem model.    Nitrogen nutrient cycling    Marine environment
收稿日期: 1999-05-13 出版日期: 2000-02-01
:  P734.4+4  
基金资助:

国家自然科学基金项目“铁对海洋初级生产力限制的研究”(编号:49876022)资助。

通讯作者: 任玲,女,1970年11月出生,博士生,主要从事海洋环境生态模型研究。   
作者简介: 任玲,女,1970年11月出生,博士生,主要从事海洋环境生态模型研究。
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引用本文:

任 玲,杨 军. 海洋中氮营养盐循环及其模型研究[J]. 地球科学进展, 2000, 15(1): 58-64.

REN Ling,YANG Jun. NITROGEN NUTRIENTS CYCLING IN MARINE ENVIRONMENT AND ITS MODELING RESEARCH. Advances in Earth Science, 2000, 15(1): 58-64.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2000.01.0058        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2000/V15/I1/58

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