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地球科学进展  1995, Vol. 10 Issue (4): 387-392    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.1995.04.0387
干旱气候变化与可持续发展     
广州地区稻田甲烷排放及中国稻田甲烷排放的空间变化
沈壬兴1,上官行健1,王明星1,王跃思1,张文1,卢巨祥2,许炳雄2,傅桂芬2,李铭珊2,林子瑜2
1.中国科学院大气物理研究所  北京  100029;2.国家环保局华南环境科学研究所  北京  510655
METHANE EMISSION FROM RICE FIELDS IN GUANGZHOU REGION AND THE SPATIAL VARIATION OF METHANE EMISSION IN CHINA
Shen Renxing1, Shangguan Xingjian1, Wang Mingxing1, Wang Yuesi1, Zhang Wen1, Lu Juxiang2, Xu Binxiong2, Fu Guifeng2, Li Mingshan2, Ling Ziyu2
1.Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing  100029; 2.South China Institute for Environmental Sciences, NEPA, Guangzhou  510655
 全文: PDF(283 KB)  
摘要:

1993年在广州地区采用中国科学院大气物理研究所研制的自动采集和分析系统测量了稻田甲烷的排放率,首次获得了占我国20~25%左右水稻收获面积的华南地区稻田甲烷排放特征值。从而宏观地使我国五大主要水稻生态区的甲烷排放率都有了实测资料。稻田甲烷排放率的季节变化主要与气温及灌溉水状态的变化有较大关系,日变化规律以下午出现极大为主。本实验田的甲烷排放率低,其特有的耕作制度(稻田冬天闲置及两季稻期间的闲置)可能是重要原因之一;广州地区实际水稻耕作中施用少量甚至不施有机肥也促成该地区比较低的甲烷排放率。在实验中尽量保持当地的常规水管理方式,这样能更准确和实际地反映出稻田甲烷排放率。年平均气温和土壤的有机质含量不足以说明稻田甲烷排放的空间变化规律。广州地区甲烷排放率相对较低,早晚稻的季节平均值分别为0.5±0.6mg/m2•h和0.4±0.4mg/m2•h。根据我国目前已有的各大区域、各种耕作制度的稻田甲烷排放率资料及相应的稻田面积推算出中国总体稻田甲烷排放率为11.1(10.2~12.8)×1012g/a。

关键词: 稻田甲烷排放率施肥耕作制度水管理    
Abstract:

Methane emission rate was measured in 1993 using an automatic measuring system built by the Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences. Methane emission factor is preliminary available for rice fields in South China region, which takes about 20% of the total rice harvesting area in China. Then the methane emission factors are already available in all the five major rice culture regions in China. The seasonal variation of methane emission rate depends mainly on the variation of air temperature and flooding condition. The afternoon peak mode is dominant for diurnal variation. The methane emission rate form this experiment field is rather low, which may mainly due to the unique cultivation system in Guangzhou that rice fields are normally kept free during winter time and in the gap between early and late rice growing season. The low dosage or even without organic manure may be another important reason. In our experiment the water flooding condition was kept normal as in the local region so that the methane emission factor can represent more properly the real emission value from actual rice paddy fields. Annual mean temperature and soil organic matter are not the factors to explain the spatial variation of methane emission rate from rice fields. The seasonal average of methane emission rate was 0.5±0.6 mg/m2•h. According to the available date set for methane emission rate from various rice fields in China, and relevant area of rice cultivation, total methane emission in Chinese rice paddies can be estimated 11.1(10.2~12.8) ×1012 g/a.

Key words: Rice fields    Methane emission rate    Fertilization    Cultivation system    Water management.
收稿日期: 1994-06-17 出版日期: 1995-08-01
通讯作者: 沈壬兴   
作者简介: 沈壬兴,男,1942年9月出生,高级工程师,主要从事大气物理探测仪器和大气微量气体自动采集和分析系统的研制和开发工作.
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沈壬兴,上官行健,王明星,王跃思,张文,卢巨祥,许炳雄,傅桂芬,李铭珊,林子瑜. 广州地区稻田甲烷排放及中国稻田甲烷排放的空间变化[J]. 地球科学进展, 1995, 10(4): 387-392.

Shen Renxing, Shangguan Xingjian, Wang Mingxing, Wang Yuesi, Zhang Wen, Lu Juxia. METHANE EMISSION FROM RICE FIELDS IN GUANGZHOU REGION AND THE SPATIAL VARIATION OF METHANE EMISSION IN CHINA. Advances in Earth Science, 1995, 10(4): 387-392.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.1995.04.0387        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y1995/V10/I4/387

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