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地球科学进展  2015, Vol. 30 Issue (4): 465-476    DOI: 10.1167/j.issn.1001-8166.2015.04.0465
生态学研究     
国内外多功能景观研究进展与展望
彭建1, 吕慧玲2, 刘焱序1, 陈昕2, 胡晓旭1
1. 北京大学城市与环境学院,地表过程分析与模拟教育部重点实验室,北京 100871; 2. 北京大学深圳研究生院城市规划与设计学院,城市人居环境科学与技术重点实验室,广东深圳,518055
International Research Progress and Perspectives on Multifunctional Landscape
Peng Jian1, Lü Huiling2, Liu Yanxu1, Chen Xin2, Hu Xiaoxu1
1.Laboratory for Earth Surface Processes, Ministry of Education, College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China; 2. Key Laboratory for Environmental and Urban Sciences, School of Urban Planning and Design, Shenzhen Graduate School, Peking University, Shenzhen 518055, China
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摘要:

作为沟通自然景观与人类社会的重要桥梁,景观功能一直以来都是景观生态学的重要研究内容;多功能景观通过对自然景观功能赋予人类价值评判,与土地利用决策紧密相关,已成为当前景观功能研究的重要发展方向、多学科景观综合研究的重点领域和景观生态学新的学科生长点。在系统梳理多功能景观概念内涵的基础上,对比分析了其与景观多功能性、生态系统服务及多功能农业的概念异同;并从景观多功能性评价、多功能景观空间识别、多功能景观规划与管理等3个方面,重点探讨了近年来国内外多功能景观研究的进展及其主要不足;最后,展望了当前国内外多功能景观研究的重点发展方向,即多功能景观权衡机理解析、多功能景观区域类型识别、多功能景观尺度与划区效应评估、多功能景观动态预测及情景模拟。

关键词: 多功能景观景观多功能性空间识别    
Abstract:

As a bridge between natural landscape and human society, landscape function is always an important content of landscape ecology. Multifunctional landscape becomes closely related with the decision of land use by means of endowing landscape function with human value judgments. Till now, it has been an important development direction of landscape function research, an important field of multi-disciplinary integrated landscape study, as well as a new discipline growth of landscape ecology. Based on comprehensively analyzing the conceptual connotation of multifunctional landscape, the similarities and differences among the four concepts, i.e., multifunctional landscape, landscape multi-functionality, multifunctional agriculture, and ecosystem services are also fully contrasted and clarified. Focused on such three key issues as landscape multi-functionality assessment, spatial identification of multifunctional landscape, and multifunctional landscape planning and management, the updated research progress and main shortcomings on multifunctional landscape are deeply discussed. Finally, five topics are proposed as future research directions on multifunctional landscape, i.e., mechanism analysis of trade-offs in multifunctional landscape, regional categorization of multifunctional landscape, scaling and zoning effects assessment of multifunctional landscape, dynamic prediction of multifunctional landscape, and scenario simulation of multifunctional landscape.

Key words: Multifunctional landscape    Spatial identification.    Landscape multi-functionality
收稿日期: 2014-12-02 出版日期: 2015-04-20
:  P901  
基金资助:

国家自然科学基金优秀青年科学基金项目“多功能景观”(编号:41322004)资助

作者简介: 彭建(1976-),男,四川彭州人,副教授,主要从事景观生态与土地利用、区域生态持续性评估等方面研究. E-mail:jianpeng@urban.pku.edu.cn
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引用本文:

彭建, 吕慧玲, 刘焱序, 陈昕, 胡晓旭. 国内外多功能景观研究进展与展望[J]. 地球科学进展, 2015, 30(4): 465-476.

Peng Jian, Lv Huiling, Liu Yanxu, Chen Xin, Hu Xiaoxu. International Research Progress and Perspectives on Multifunctional Landscape. Advances in Earth Science, 2015, 30(4): 465-476.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.1167/j.issn.1001-8166.2015.04.0465        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2015/V30/I4/465

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