Please wait a minute...
img img
高级检索
地球科学进展  2005, Vol. 20 Issue (6): 656-663    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2005.06.0656
研究论文     
蒙甘青地区早白垩世原型盆地特征及其对烃源岩分布的控制
陈启林1,3,周洪瑞1,李相博2,3,4
1.中国地质大学,北京 100083;
2.中国科学院兰州地质研究所,甘肃 兰州 730000;
3.中国石油勘探开发研究院西北分院,甘肃 兰州 730020;
4.中国科学院研究生院,北京 100039
CHARACTERISTICS OF EARLY CRETACEOUS PROTOTYPE BASIN AND ITS CONTROL ON SOURCE ROCK IN MONGOLIA-GANSU-QINGHAI AREA
CHEN Qilin1;3;ZHOU Hongrui1;LI Xiangbo2,3;4
1.China University of Geoscience ,Beijing 100083;
2.Lanzhou Institute of Geology, Chinese Academy of Sciences,Lanzhou 730000,China;
3.Institute of Petroleum Exploration and Development, Northwest Branch of CNPC,Lanzhou 730020,China;
4.Graduate School of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100039,China
 全文: PDF(216 KB)  
摘要:

岩相古地理图可以大体反映盆地形成时的盆山格局和原始沉积特征。蒙甘青地区早白垩世岩相古地理图揭示了研究区在早白垩世发育了众多大小不一的沉积盆地群。由于早白垩世研究区处于伸展构造环境,这些盆地群构造性质多为拉张断陷盆地,普遍接受了下白垩统湖相—河流相沉积。早白垩世的沉积环境及岩相古地理条件有利于油气的形成,烃源岩主要分布在北祁连—阿拉善裂谷断陷盆地群中的次一级断陷中。烃源岩岩性为一套湖相的深灰色、灰黑色含钙质泥岩,明显受(浅湖—半深湖—深)湖相沉积体系的控制。此外,该区烃源岩的分布还受早白垩世“南干北湿”的气候带所控制。

关键词: 蒙甘青地区早白垩世原型盆地烃源岩控制作用    
Abstract:

The lithofacies palaeogeography map can show the pattern of basins and mountains and the characteristics of original deposition. The map of MongoliaGansu-Qinghai area revealed lots of different sizes sedimentary basin groups formed in early Cretaceous in study area. These basins often belonged to extension rift basin, received lacustrine-fluvial deposition of Lower Cretaceous due to extensional tectonics movement of early Cretaceous. The sedimentary environments and situation of lithofacies palaeogeography of early Cretaceous are favorable for hydrocarbon. The source rocks were mainly distributed in sub-depression of Northern Qilian-Alashan fault depression Group. The source rock is a set of grey and grey to dark calcareous mudstones of lacustrine, which were controlled by lacustrine depositional system (shallow-moderate-deep lake). Besides, the distribution of source rocks were dominated by the climate belts, dry in south and moist in north'. 

Key words: Mongolia-Gansu-Qinghai area    Early cretaceous    Prototype basin    Source rock    Controlling. 
收稿日期: 2004-09-22 出版日期: 2005-06-25
:  P618.13  
基金资助:

中国石油天然气集团公司“九五”攻关项目“银根—额济纳旗盆地综合评价及勘探目标选择”(编号:970207-34-2)及“蒙甘青地区中新生代板块构造演化与含油气盆地综合研究”(编号:970212-3-3)资助.

通讯作者: 陈启林   
作者简介: 陈启林(1963-), 男,甘肃定西人,高级工程师,在读博士研究生,主要从事层序地层学、油气地质综合研究和勘探目标评价工作. E-mail:chenql@petrochina.com.cn
服务  
把本文推荐给朋友
加入引用管理器
E-mail Alert
RSS
作者相关文章  
陈启林
周洪瑞
李相博

引用本文:

陈启林;周洪瑞;李相博;. 蒙甘青地区早白垩世原型盆地特征及其对烃源岩分布的控制[J]. 地球科学进展, 2005, 20(6): 656-663.

CHEN Qilin;ZHOU Hongrui;LI Xiangbo. CHARACTERISTICS OF EARLY CRETACEOUS PROTOTYPE BASIN AND ITS CONTROL ON SOURCE ROCK IN MONGOLIA-GANSU-QINGHAI AREA. Advances in Earth Science, 2005, 20(6): 656-663.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2005.06.0656        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2005/V20/I6/656

[1] Li Mingjie,Zheng Menglin,Cao Chunchao, et al. Evolution of superposed Jurassic and Cretaceous basins in Beishan-Alxa area[J]. Oil and Gas Geology,2004,25(1):54-57.[李明杰,郑孟林,曹春潮,等.北山—阿拉善地区侏罗—白垩纪盆地的叠合演化[J].石油与天然气地质, 2004,25(1):54-57.]
[2] Luo Kaiping,Fan Xiaoling.Backgroud and prototype of the Meso-Cenozoic basins in Hexi corridor region [J].Petroleum Geology and Experiment,2004,26(5):432-436.[罗开平,范小林.河西走廊及邻区中新生代成盆背景与盆地原型[J].石油实验地质,2004,26(5):432-436.]
[3] Huo Yonglu,Tan Shidian. Exploration Case History and Petroleum Geology in Jiuquan Continental Basin[M].Beijing:Petroleum Industry Press, 1995.[霍永录 ,谭试典.酒泉盆地陆相石油地质特征及勘探实践[M]. 北京:石油工业出版社,1995.]
[4] Li Wenhou,Zhou Lifa.Sedimentary facies and tectonic setting of the Cretaceous in the Suhongtu-Yingen basin[J].Earth Science, 1997,32(3):387-395.[李文厚,周立发.苏红图—银根盆地白垩纪沉积相与构造环境[J].地球科学,1997,32(3):387-395.]
[5] Guo Zhaojie,Zhang Zhicheng. Structureal style and tectonic evolution of the basins in the Altun region[J].Geological review,1998,44(4):357-364.[郭召杰,张志诚.阿尔金盆地群构造类型与演化[J].地质论评,1998,44(4):357-364.]
[6] Qi Hua.Non-marine Jurassic and Cretaceous stratigraphy in Northwest[J]. China Bulletin of the Xi’an Institute of Geology and Mineral Resources,1984,7(4):1-28.[齐骅.西北地区陆相侏罗—白垩纪地层[J].西安地质矿产研究所所刊,1984,7(4):1-28.]
[7] Song Jieyi.Cretaceous sysiem in Gansu[J]. Acta geologica Gansu, 1993,(suppl.):1-49.[宋杰已.甘肃省的白垩系[J].甘肃地质学报. 1993,(增刊):1-49.]
[8] Yan Liehong,Wang Tingyin.The characteristics and tectonic significance of early Cretaceous volcanic rocks in northern Alaxa,Nei Mengol[J].Ningxia Geology, 1990 2:130-142.[严烈宏,王廷印.阿拉善北部早白垩世火山岩特征及其构造意义[J].宁夏地质,1990,2: 130-142.]
[9] Peng Bingxia,Du Yuansheng,Li Daqing, et al. The first discovery of the early Cretaceous peeroseur track and its significance in Yanguoxia County,Gansu province[J]. Earth Science,2004,29(1):21-30.[彭冰霞等,杜远生,李大庆,等.甘肃永靖盐锅峡早白垩世翼龙足迹的发现及意义[J].地球科学,2004,79(1):21-30.]
[10] Wang Xinmin,Guo Yanru,Ma Long,et al.Yin’e basin:Characters of Jurassic and Cretaceous petroleum supersystem and prospecting area[J].Advance in Earth Sciences,2001,16(4):490-495.[王新民,郭彦如,马龙,等.银—额盆地侏罗、白垩系油气超系统特征及其勘探方向[J].地球科学进展,2001,16(4):490-495.]
[11] Tian Zaiyi,Zhang Qinchong. Discussion on Sedimentary Basin in China[M].Beijing:Petroleum Industry Press, 1996.215-223.[田在艺,张庆春.中国含油气沉积盆地论[M].北京:石油工业出版社,1996.215-223.]

[1] 蔡郁文, 王华建, 王晓梅, 何坤, 张水昌, 吴朝东. 铀在海相烃源岩中富集的条件及主控因素[J]. 地球科学进展, 2017, 32(2): 199-208.
[2] 韩雨, 牛漫兰, 朱光, 吴齐, 李秀财, 王婷. 郯庐断裂带肥东段早白垩世中期走滑运动的年代学证据[J]. 地球科学进展, 2015, 30(8): 922-939.
[3] 巫建华, 解开瑞, 吴仁贵, 郭国林, 刘帅. 中国东部中生代流纹岩—粗面岩组合与热液型铀矿研究新进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2014, 29(12): 1372-1382.
[4] 尹殿奎,刘欢,孙跃武,万传彪,赵俊丽. 吉林延边地区下白垩统长财组铁角蕨属一新种[J]. 地球科学进展, 2008, 23(12): 1285-1292.
[5] 吉利明,李林涛,吴涛,张晓宝,周世新. 柴达木盆地始新统沟鞭藻及其油源意义[J]. 地球科学进展, 2007, 22(3): 221-226.
[6] 陈中红;查明. 烃源岩排烃作用研究现状及展望[J]. 地球科学进展, 2005, 20(4): 459-466.
[7] 腾格尔;刘文汇;徐永昌;陈践发. 无机地球化学参数与有效烃源岩发育环境的相关研究[J]. 地球科学进展, 2005, 20(2): 193-200.
[8] 郑军卫;刘文汇;史斗. 塔里木盆地深层气勘探潜势[J]. 地球科学进展, 2004, 19(5): 802-807.
[9] 涂建琪,金奎励. 表征海相烃源岩有机质成熟度的若干重要指标的对比与研究[J]. 地球科学进展, 1999, 14(1): 18-23.
[10] 刘大锰. 有机岩石学的研究现状与进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 1994, 9(3): 18-23.
[11] 肖贤明. 有机岩石学及其在油气评价中的应用[J]. 地球科学进展, 1992, 7(2): 39-.
[12] 关德师,王岑红,洪峰,边玉平. 我国油气形成模拟实验概述[J]. 地球科学进展, 1990, 5(4): 19-22.