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地球科学进展  2016, Vol. 31 Issue (1): 94-102    
全球变化研究     
国际能源消费特征比较分析及中国发展建议
杨占红, 吕连宏, 曹宝, 王晓, 罗宏
中国环境科学研究院环境与经济研究室,北京 100012
Comparative Analysis of International Energy Consumption Characteristics and China's Countermeasures
Yang Zhanhong, Lü Lianhong, Cao Bao, Wang Xiao, Luo Hong
Department of Environment & Economy, Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences, Beijing, 100012);
Department of Environment & Economy, Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences, Beijing, 100012
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摘要:

随着低碳经济的兴起和国际能源形势的恶化,世界各国对能源问题愈加重视.以世界整体及能源消费量较大的几个国家为对照分析样本,以长序列统计值为基础分析数据,从世界和历史2个维度对比分析各国的能源消费特征,包括能源消费总量,消费结构和能源效率等,总结发达国家能源消费特点,分析中国能源消费历程及目前所处阶段,总结中国能源消费存在的主要问题.最后,提出中国能源可持续发展的建议,包括积极推进科技进步,优化能源结构,提高能源效率,发展低碳经济,理顺能源价格,提高清洁能源消费比例,以及注重与环境保护的协同效应等.

关键词: 能源结构能源效率能耗强度能源消费    
Abstract:

With the rise of low carbon economy and the deterioration of the international energy situation, most countries in the world pay more attention to energy issues. In this paper, based on a comparison with several countries of large energy consumption, we used long sequence statistics to analyze the energy consumption characteristics from the world and the history, including energy consumption, energy consumption structure and energy efficiency, and then summed up the characteristics of energy consumption in developed countries, analyzed China's energy consumption process and the current stage, and found out the main problems of energy consumption in China. At last, countermeasures for the healthy development of China's energy were proposed, including actively promoting scientific and technological progress, upgrading energy structure, developing low carbon economy, rationalizing energy prices, improving the proportion of clean energy consumption and emphasizing synergistic effect on environment protection.

Key words: Energy consumption structure    Energy consumption intensity    Energy consumption    Energy efficiency.
出版日期: 2016-01-10
:  P963  
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引用本文:

杨占红, 吕连宏, 曹宝, 王晓, 罗宏. 国际能源消费特征比较分析及中国发展建议[J]. 地球科学进展, 2016, 31(1): 94-102.

Yang Zhanhong, Lü, Lianhong, Cao Bao, Wang Xiao, Luo Hong. Comparative Analysis of International Energy Consumption Characteristics and China's Countermeasures. Advances in Earth Science, 2016, 31(1): 94-102.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2016/V31/I1/94

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