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地球科学进展  2003, Vol. 18 Issue (4): 569-575    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2003.04.0569
研究论文     
长江三角洲地区环境演变与环境考古学研究进展
申洪源1,2,朱诚1,张强3
1.南京大学城市与资源学系,江苏 南京 210093;2.临沂师范学院地理与旅游系,山东 临沂 276005;3.中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所,江苏 南京 210008
ADVANCE OF THE RESEARCH ON THE ENVIRONMENTAL EVOLVEMENT AND ENVIRONMENTAL ARCHAEOLOGY IN THE YANGTZE DELTA REGION
Shen Hongyuan1,2, Zhu Cheng1, Zhang Qiang3
1.Department of Urban and Resources Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China;
2.Department of Geography and Tourism, Linyi Normal College, Linyi 276005, China;
3.Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology, Chinese Academic Science, Nanjing 210008, China
 全文: PDF(94 KB)  
摘要:

综合分析了20世纪80年代以来长江三角洲地区环境演变与环境考古学研究进展,着重对长江三角洲地区太湖的形成与演变、全新世海侵与海面变化、史前环境的重建以及文化断层成因等方面进行了综述,并指出今后该区环境考古研究的主要内容,包括多学科交叉方法的运用和各种环境代用指标的相互印证、高分辨率研究、考古地层剖面与自然地层剖面的对比、古环境演变的定量研究以及环境质量时空演变特征研究等。

关键词: 长江三角洲地区环境演变环境考古    
Abstract:

    There are more than 340 sites excavated over many years of archaeological excavation, providing exceptional materials for the environmental archaeological study on the human-earth study in the Yangtze delta region. This paper aims to summarize the past research in environmental archaeological aspect in the study region, and at the same time, provides some problems needing further study.
    Taihu lake,esp. its formation and evolution, receives much attention from academic circle for its important role in regional economic development and ecological environment. Many researches indicate that, Taihu lake region is the continental environment suitable for human settlement since the Holocene epoch. Taihu lake and its neighboring lakes come into being during the historic time. Large amounts of Neolithic sites, relics and wells excavated on the bottom of the Taihu Lake suggest that the time of complete formation of Taihu lake is earlier that 2~3 ka BP.After the termination of the Last Glaciation Age(LGA), the sea-level in the Yangtze delta is on increase, and during about 7~6.5 ka BP, the sea-level reaches the greatest range, nearing to the sea-level of today. Sea-level changes, water surface of lakes, flooding events play an important role in rise and fall of human civilization in the Yangtze Delta region. Archaeological excavation and environmental archaeological study indicate that the cultural interruption in the sections of Neolithic sites are mostly the results of frequently-occurring flooding events and extreme climatic events in the study region.The environmental archaeological study afterwards in this region would focus on the multi-proxy research, high-resolution study and also comparison study performed on the archaeological sections and natural sections. Some new methods like GIS, RS, and modeling also should be applied in the human-earth study. Another, much attention should be paid on the temporal and spatial evolution of modern environmental evolution.

Key words: Yangtze delta    Environmental evolvement    Study of environmental archaeology evolution.
收稿日期: 2002-02-20 出版日期: 2003-08-01
:  X14  
基金资助:

国家自然科学基金项目“长江三角洲全新世海侵和洪涝灾害事件序列环境考古研究”(编号:40071083)、“长江三角洲七千年以来环境质量变化的考古地层记录研究”(编号:40271103);高校博士点基金项目“长江三角洲全新世海侵和洪涝事件考古地层学研究”(编号:2000028414);南京大学985自然地理学科建设基金和南京大学测试基金项目共同资助.

通讯作者: 申洪源     E-mail: shhongyuan@163.com
作者简介: 申洪源(1963-),男,山东郯城人,副教授,主要从事第四纪地质与环境演变研究.E-mail:shhongyuan@163.com
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引用本文:

申洪源,朱诚,张强. 长江三角洲地区环境演变与环境考古学研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2003, 18(4): 569-575.

Shen Hongyuan, Zhu Cheng, Zhang Qiang. ADVANCE OF THE RESEARCH ON THE ENVIRONMENTAL EVOLVEMENT AND ENVIRONMENTAL ARCHAEOLOGY IN THE YANGTZE DELTA REGION. Advances in Earth Science, 2003, 18(4): 569-575.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2003.04.0569        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2003/V18/I4/569

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