1. 兰州大学土木工程与力学学院，甘肃 兰州 730000
• 收稿日期:2007-08-10 修回日期:2007-10-05 出版日期:2007-11-10
• 通讯作者: 刘高(1970-)，男，重庆开县人，副教授，主要从事岩体力学、工程地质、岩石工程和地质灾害等方面的教学和科研工作.E-mail：liugaocf@lzu.edu.cn E-mail:liugaocf@lzu.edu.cn
• 基金资助:

西部交通科技项目“国道212线(兰州—重庆)陇南段修筑技术研究”(编号：200231800036)资助.

### The Application of Finite Volume Method to Modeling Landslide Motion

LIU Gao，DENG Jian-li，LIANG Chang-yu

1. School of Civil Engineering and Mechanics, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000，China
• Received:2007-08-10 Revised:2007-10-05 Online:2007-11-10 Published:2007-11-10

A landslide can be considered as incompressible fluid with high viscidity in view of their characteristics of materials and movements. Such governing equations as mass conservation law, momentum conservation law, constitutive equation and other state equations were established to describe the landslide motion. Based on these equations and FVM (Finite Volume Method), a special 3-D numerical modeling program was designed to simulate the dynamic movement of landslides. Using the grogram, a landslide of a hydropower station located at upstream of the Yellow river was modeled to predict its dynamic movement features and deposit scope and to guide the plan and design of the project.

 [1]Crosta G. B, Imposimato S, Roddeman D G. Numerical modelling of large landslides stability and runout[J]. Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences,2003,3: 523-538. [2]Hunger O A. A model for the runout analysis of rapid flow slides, debris flows and avalanches[J]. Canadian Geotechnical Journal, 1995,32:610-623. [3]Stead D, Eberhardt E, Coggan J, et al. Advanced Nnmerical Techniques in Rock Slope Stablity Analysys  Application and Limitation [J]. Landslides—Causes, Impacts and Countermeasures, 2001: 615-624. [4]Süzen M L, Doyuran V. A comparison of the GIS based landslide susceptibility assessment methods--multivariate versus bivariate [J]. Environmental Geology,2004,45:665-679. [5]Sassa K. Geotechnical model for the motion of landslides[C]//Proceeding of the 5th International Sympsium on landslides. Lausanne, 1988,(1): 37-56. [6]Miao T D, Liu Z Y, Niu Y H, et al.A sliding block model for the runout prediction of high-speed landslides[J]. Canadian Geotechnical Journal, 2001,38: 217-226. [7]Barth T, Ohlberger M. Finite Volume Methods—Foundation and Analysis[C]//Stein E, Thomas B, Hughes J R. Encyclopedia of Computational Mechanics. John Wiley & Sons,2004. [8]Ferziger J H, Perié M. Comprtational Methods for Fluid Dynamics[M]. Springer,2002.
 [1] 张永双, 吴瑞安, 郭长宝, 王立朝, 姚鑫, 杨志华. 古滑坡复活问题研究进展与展望[J]. 地球科学进展, 2018, 33(7): 728-740. [2] 彭大雷, 许强, 董秀军, 巨袁臻, 亓星, 陶叶青. 无人机低空摄影测量在黄土滑坡调查评估中的应用[J]. 地球科学进展, 2017, 32(3): 319-330. [3] 刘希林, 庙成, 田春山, 邱锦安. 十年跨度中国滑坡和泥石流灾害风险评价对比分析[J]. 地球科学进展, 2016, 31(9): 926-936. [4] 范留明, 耿鹏超. 突变理论在边坡工程应用的研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2015, 30(11): 1268-1277. [5] 徐则民,黄润秋. 山区流域高盖度斜坡对极端降雨事件的地下水响应[J]. 地球科学进展, 2011, 26(6): 598-607. [6] 吴玮江，叶伟林，孟兴民，王宗礼. 武都汉林沟流域古滑坡年龄的 14C厘定[J]. 地球科学进展, 2011, 26(12): 1276-1281. [7] 安培浚,李栎,张志强. 国际滑坡、泥石流研究文献计量分析[J]. 地球科学进展, 2011, 26(10): 1116-1124. [8] 周创兵,李典庆. 暴雨诱发滑坡致灾机理与减灾方法研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2009, 24(5): 477-487. [9] 许领，戴福初，闵 弘. 黄土滑坡研究现状与设想[J]. 地球科学进展, 2008, 23(3): 236-242. [10] 张帆宇,刘高,谌文武,梁收运,韩文峰. 基于要素分析和二元统计模型的区域滑坡危险等级制图——以国道212线陇南段为例[J]. 地球科学进展, 2008, 23(10): 1037-1042. [11] 徐则民,黄润秋,唐正光,费维水. 岩体化学风化的非连续性及其科学意义[J]. 地球科学进展, 2006, 21(7): 706-712. [12] 黄润秋. 中国西部地区典型岩质滑坡机理研究[J]. 地球科学进展, 2004, 19(3): 443-450. [13] 许强;黄润秋;李秀珍. 滑坡时间预测预报研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2004, 19(3): 478-483. [14] 汪华斌,李江风,吴树仁. 滑坡灾害系统非线性研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2000, 15(3): 271-276.