Please wait a minute...
img img
Adv. Search
Advances in Earth Science  2000, Vol. 15 Issue (5): 545-552    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2000.05.0545
ZHANG Jing-lian①②,WANG Xian-bin,CAO Zhen-lin
①Northwest Institute of Geology,CNPC,Lanzhou 730020;②Lanzhou Institute of Geology,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Lanzhou 730000,China
Download:  PDF (294KB) 
Export:  BibTeX | EndNote (RIS)      

Hydrothermal hydrocarbons can occur in the ocean floor and in the continent.Experiments show that hydrothermal fluids catalyze the hydrocarbon generation in carbonates and sedimentary organic matter.The fluid inclusions of the ocean floor volcanic rocks and Pb,Sr and Nd isotopes of petroleum and organic matter also show that mantle fluids play an important role in the hydrocarbon generation.Recognition of hydrothermal hydrocarbon and its implications for the deep petroleum exploration are discussed.

Key words:  Hydrothermal hydrocarbon      Abiogenic hydrocarbon      Deep petroleum reservoir      Mantle fluid      Crust-mantle interaction.     
Received:  01 December 1999      Published:  01 October 2000
E-mail this article
Add to my bookshelf
Add to citation manager
E-mail Alert
Articles by authors

Cite this article: 

ZHANG Jing-lian,WANG Xian-bin,CAO Zhen-lin. HYDROTHERMAL HYDROCARBON FORMATION AND DEEP PETROLEUM PROSPECT. Advances in Earth Science, 2000, 15(5): 545-552.

URL:     OR

[1] Gold T,Soter S.The deep-Earth gas hypothesis[J].Scientific American,1980,242(6):154~161.
[2] Gold T.The origin of methane in the crust of the Earth[A].In:David G H,ed.The Future of Energy Gases[C].Washington:United States Government Printing Office,1993.57~80.
[3] 王先彬.地球深部来源的天然气[J].科学通报,1982,27(17):1 069~1 071.
[4] 郭占谦,王先彬.松辽盆地非生物成因气探讨[J].中国科学,(B辑),1994,24(3):303~305.
[5] 王先彬,李春园,陈践发,等.论非生物成因天然气[J].科学通报,1997,42(12):1 233~1 241.
[6] Simoneit B R T,Lonsdate P F.Hydrothermal petroleum in mineralized mounds at the seabed of Guaymas Basin[J].Nature,1982,295(5 846):198~202.
[7] Simoneit B R T. Petroleum generation in submarine hydrothermal system: an update [J]. The Canadian Mineralogist,1988,26:826~840.
[8] Didgk B M, Simoneit B R T. Hydrothermal oil of Guaymas Basin and implications for petroleum mechanisms[J].Nature,1989,342(6245):65~69.
[9] Peter J M,Simoneit B R T, Kawa O E,et al.Liquid hydrocarbon-bearing inclusions in modern hydrothermal chimneys and mounds from the Southern Trough of Guaymas Basin,Gulf of California[J].Applied Geochem,1990,5(1~2):51~63.
[10] Kawka O E,Simoneit B R T. Polycycle aromatic hydrocarbons in hydrothermal petroleum from the Guaymas Basin spreading center[J].Applied Geochem,1990,5(1~2):17~27.
[11] Schoell M,Hwang R J, Simoneit B R T.Carbon isotope composition of hydrothermal petroleums from Guaymas Basin,Gulf of California[J].Applied Geochemistry,1990,5:65~69.
[12] Whelan J K,Simoneit B R T,Tarafa M E.C1~C8hydrocarbons in sediments from Guaymas Basin,Gulf of California-Comparisons to Peru Margin, Japan Trench and California Bordelands[J].Org Geochem,1998,12:171~194.
[13] Simoneit B R T. Hydrothermal effects on recent diatoma-ceous sediments in Guaymas Basin: generation, migration,and deposition of petroleum, the Gulf and Penimsular Province of the California[J].AAPG Mem,1991,47:793~825.
[14] Kawka O E,Simoneit B R T. Hydrothermal pyrolysis of organic matter in Guagmas Basin,Partl:Comparsion of hydrocarbon distributions in surface sediments and seabed petroleums[J].Org Geochem,1994,22(6):947~978.
[15] Simoneit B R T,John C F.High molecular weight polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbous in hydrother mal petroleum:Indicators of high temperature and water washing[J].AAPG Bull,1995,79(6):925.
[16] Peter J M,Peltonen P,Scott S D,et al.14C ages of hydrothermal petroleum and carbonate in Guaymas Basin, Gulf of California:Implications for oil generation, expulsion,and migration[J].Geology,1991,19:253~256.
[17] Simoneit B R T,Kvenvolden K A.14C age comparison of hydrothermal petroleum[J]. Org Geochem,1994,21(5):525~529.
[18] Price L C.Clayton J L, Rumen L L.Organic geochemistry of the 9.6 km Bertha Rogers No1 Well,Oklahoma[J]. Org Geochem,1981,3:59~77.
[19] Price L C. Organic geochemistry of 300℃,7 km Core Samples,South Texas[J].Chem Geol,1982,37:205~214.
[20] Price L C,Schoell M. Constraints on the origins of hydrocarbon gas from compositions of gases at their site of origin[J].Nature,1995,378(6 555):368~371.
[21] БелокньТВ.深部含油气性的几个问题[J].王金槊译.新疆石油地质,1999,20(3):263~267.
[22] Dmitriyevskiy A N.南越大陆架基岩中油气藏的热液成因[J].郭金城译.地质地球化学,1995,(6):23~25.
[23] 张泉兴,李雨梁,胡忠良,等.莺歌海盆地梅山组的石油深热成因和水相运移[J].中国海上油气,1989,3(2):25~33.
[24] 张启明,胡忠良.莺琼盆地高温高压环境及油气运移机制[J].中国海上油气,1992,6(1):1~9.
[25] 张启明,张泉兴.莺歌海盆地深部地压气[J].海洋地质与第四纪地质,1992,12(1):15~20.
[26] 李雨梁,张泉兴,张启明.崖13-1气田的热异常[A].见:张启明主编.莺歌海盆地石油地质论文集[C].北京:地震出版社,1993.50~55
[27] 何家雄,昝立声,陈龙操,等.莺歌海盆地泥丘发育特征与油气远景[A].见:张启明主编,莺歌湾盆地石油地质论文集[C].北京:地震出版社,1993.120~128.
[28] 戴金星,王庭斌,宋岩,等著.中国大中型天然气田形成条件与分布规律[M].北京:地质出版社,1997.118~140,230~234.
[29] 陈红汉,张启.琼东南盆地含烃热流体活动的流体包裹体证据[J].中国科学(D辑),1997.27(4):343~348.
[30] 龚再升,王国纯.中国近海油气资源潜力新认识[J].中国海上油气(地质),1999,11(1):1~12.
[31] 李思田,林畅松,张启明,等.南海北部大陆边缘幕式裂陷的动力过程及10 Ma以来的构造事件[J].科学通报,1998,43(18):792~809.
[32] 张义纲编著.天然气的生成聚集与保存[M].南京:河海大学出版社,1991.78~81.
[33] Zhu J, Li S, San X,et al.Discovery of early tertiary hydrothermal activity and its significance in oillgas geology,Dongpu Depression, Henan Province, China [J]. Chinese Journal of Geochemistry,1994,13(3):270~283.
[34] 朱家祥,李淑贞,朱家蔚,等,超深井成烃成岩体系研究[M].上海:同济大学出版社,1995.1~199.
[35] 吕修祥,金之钧,皮学军,等.塔里木盆地下古生界碳酸盐岩油气聚集与分布[J].中国科学(D辑),1999,29(4):358~361
[36] Welhan J A,Craig H.Methane,hydrogen and helium in hydrothermal fluids [A]. In: Hydrothermal Processes at Sea Floor Spreading Centers [C]. New York: Plenum Press,1983.391.
[37] Kim K R,Welhan J A,Craig H.The hydrothermal vent fluids at 13°N on the East Pacific Ries:Alvin 1984 results[J].EOS Trans Am Geophys Union,1984,65:45~97.
[38] Craig H,Horibe Y,Farley K A,et al.Hydrothermal vents in the Mariana Trough:Results of the first Alvin dives[J].EOS Trans Am Geophys Union,1987,68:100~115.
[39] Merlivat L,Pineau F,Javoy M.Hydrothermal vent water at 13°N on the East Pacific Rise:isotopic composition and gas concentration[J].Earth Planet Sci Lett,1987,84:100~108.
[40] Simmons S F,Sawkins F J,Schlutter D J.Mantle-derived he-lium in two peruvian hydrothermal ore deposits[J].Nature,1987,329:429~432.
[41] Whiticar M J, Suess E.Hydrothermal hydrocarbon gases in the sedimonts of the King George Basin,Bransfield,Antarctica[J].Applied Geochemistry,1990,5:135~147.
[42] Wakita H,Sano Y,Urabe A,et al.Origin of methane-rich natrual gas in Japan:Formation of gas fields due to large-scale submarine volcanism[J].Applied Geochemistry,1990,5:263~278.
[43] Halbach P,Pracejus B,Andreas M.Geology and mineralogy of massive sulfide ores from the central Okinawa trough Japan[J]. Econ Geol,1993,88:2 210~2 225.
[44] Ishibashi J,Wakita H,Nojiri Y,et al.Helium and carbon geochemistry of hydrothermal fluids from the Notrh Fuji Basin spreading ridge,Southem Pacific[J].Earth Planet Sci Lett,1994,128:183~197.
[45] Jean-Baptiste P,Foupquet Y.Abundance and isotopic composition of helium in hydrotherm from the East Pacific Rise at 13°N[J]. Geochim Cosomochim Acta,1996,60:87~93.
[46] Ishibashi J,Wakita H,Okamura k,et al.Hydrothermal methane and manganese variation in the plume over the superfast-spreading southern East Pacific Rise [J]. Geochim Cosmchim Acta,1997,61(3):485~500.
[47] Dutkiewicz A,Resmussen B,Buick R.Oil preserved in fluid inclusions in Archaean sandstones[J]. Nature,1998,395:385~388.
[48] Jackson M J,Powell TG,Summous R E,et al.Hydrocarbon shows and petroleum source roocks in sediments as old as 1.7×109years[J].Nature,1986,322:727~729.
[49] Buick R,Rasmuseen B,Krapes B.Archean oil:evideuce for extensive hydrocarbon generation and migration 2.5~36 Ga[J].AAPG Bull,1998,82:50~69.
[50] Ungerer P.State of the art of research in kinetic modelling of oil fomation and expulsion[J].Org Geochem,1990,16:1~25.
[51] Priee L C.Thermal stability of hydrocarbons in nature limits.evidence, charaiteristics and possible controls[J]. Geochim Cosmochim Acta,1993,57:3 261~3 280.
[52] Hoffmann C E,Henley R W,Higgins N C,et al.Biogenic hydrocarbons in fluid inclusions from the Aberfoyle tin-tung-sten deposit,Tasmania Australia[J].Chem Geol,1988,70:287~299.
[53] Neweit K D,Burruss R C,Palacas J G.Thermal maturation and organic richness of potential petroleum souree rocks in Proterozoic Rice Formation,North American Mid-Continent rift system,Northeastern Kansas[J].AAPG Bull,1993,77:1 922~1 941.
[54] George S C,Jardine D R. Kotones in a Proterozoic dolerite sill[J].Org Geochem,1994,21:829~839.
[55] Horita J, Berndt M E.Abiogenic methane formation and iso-topic fractionation under hydrothermal conditions[J].Science,1999,285:1 055~1 057.
[56] 熊寿生,卢培德.火山喷溢—喷流活动与半无机成因天然气的形成和类型[J].石油实验地质,1996,18(1):13~35.
[57] 侯增谦,张绮玲.冲绳海槽现代活动热水区CO2烃类流体:流体包裹体证据[J].中国科学(D辑),1998,28(2):142~148.
[58] 侯增谦,李延河,艾永德,等,冲绳海槽活动热水成矿系统的氦同位素组成:幔源氦证据[J].中国科学(D辑),1999,29(2):155~162.
[59] 张景廉,朱炳泉,陈义贤,等,辽河断陷下第三系烃源岩有机质Pb和Sr同位素研究[J].科学通报,1999,44(11):1 222~1 225.
[60] Zhang Jinglian,Zhu Bingquan,Chen Yixian,et al. Pb-Sr iso-topic study of the lower tertiary sedimentary organic matter in Liaohe Depression[J].Chinese Science Bull,1999,44(23):2 192~2 195.
[61] 张景廉,朱炳泉,张平中,等,克拉玛依乌尔禾沥青脉Pb-Sr-Nd同位素地球化学[J].中国科学(D辑),1997,27(4):325~330.
[62] 涂湘林,朱炳泉,张景廉,等.Pb,Sr,Nd同位素体系在石油定年和成因示综中的作用[J].地球化学,1997,26(2):57~67.
[63] 德米特里夫斯基A M.烃类形成过程中的热液脱气作用[J].冯秀芳译.石油地质信息,1998,18(4):222~229.
[64] Siskin M, Malritxky S R. Reactivity of organic compounds in hot water: geochemical and technological implications[J].Science, 1991.,254:231~237.
[65] Lewan M D. Experiments on the role of water in petroleum formation[J]. Geochim Cosmochim Acta, 1997, 41(17):3691~3 724.
[66] 何志高.论干酪根热降解成油理论弊端[J].海相油气地质,1999,4(2):50~57.
[67] 彭平安,盛国英.高硫未成熟原油非干酪极成因的证据[J].科学通报,1998,43(16):1 720~1 723.
[68] 张景廉.论Connan的t—T关系[J].海相油气地质,1999,4(4):51~55.
[69] 李明诚.地壳中的热流体活动与油气运移[J].地学前缘,1995,2(3~4):155~162.
[70] 涂光炽.试论非常规超大型矿床物质组成、地质背景、形成机制的某些独特性——初谈非常规超大型矿床[J].中国科学(D辑),1999,28(增刊):1~6.
[71] 王先彬.开发能源资源的思考与选择[J].科学通报,1999,44(5):550~559.
[72] 妥进才,王先彬,周世新,等.深层油气勘探现状与研究进展[J].天然气地球科学,1999,10(6):1~8.
[73] 周世新,王先彬,妥进才,等.深层油气地球化学研究新进展[J].天然气地球科学,1999,10(6):9~15.
[74] 段毅,王先彬.深层油气形成的若干问题探讨[J].天然气地球科学,1999,10(6):22~26.
[75] 妥进才,王先彬,周世新.渤海湾盆地深层油气资源前景分析[J].天然气地球科学.1999,10(6):27~31.

No Suggested Reading articles found!