Please wait a minute...
img img
Adv. Search
Advances in Earth Science  2000, Vol. 15 Issue (5): 553-540    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2000.05.0553
WANG Zhong-liang, LIU Cong-qiang, XU Zhi-fang,HAN Gui-lin, ZHU Jian-ming, ZHANG Jin
①State Key Laboratory of Environmental Geochemistry,Institute of Geochemistry,CAS,Guiyang550002,China;②Institute of Geology and Geophysics,CAS,Beijing100101,China;③Department of Environmental Biology and Chemistry,Faculty of Science,Toyama University,Gofuku3190,Toyama930-8555,Japan
Download:  PDF (399KB) 
Export:  BibTeX | EndNote (RIS)      

Rare earth elements (REE) patterns of dissolved phase, suspended materials and sediments in rivers were established based on data referred from recent studies and our work. There are a number of factors or processes such as basin geology, weathering, solution chemistry and water-particle interaction controlled the geochemical behavior of REE in rivers. These factors and processes induced partition and fractionation of REE between suspended particles and solution. The shale-normalized REE patterns of suspended particles in rivers showed moderate light-REE (LREE) enrichment, and the solution of river waters showed significant heavy-REE (HREE) enrichment or convex curves that middle-REE (MREE) slight enrichment piled upon the HREE enrichment. The partition coefficient of REE between the suspended particles and solution (K≈10-6) was smaller comparing with most of other trace metals in rivers. The sediments in rivers showed a flat shale-normalized REE patterns.

Key words:  River      Rare earth elements      Weathering      Solution chemistry      Water-particle interaction.     
Received:  08 November 1999      Published:  01 October 2000
E-mail this article
Add to my bookshelf
Add to citation manager
E-mail Alert
Articles by authors

Cite this article: 

WANG Zhong-liang, LIU Cong-qiang, XU Zhi-fang,HAN Gui-lin, ZHU Jian-ming, et al. ADVANCES IN RESEARCH ON GEOCHEMISTRY OF RARE EARTH ELEMENTS IN RIVERS. Advances in Earth Science, 2000, 15(5): 553-540.

URL:     OR

[1] Bau M, Dulski P. Anthropogenic origin of positive gadolinium anomalies in river waters[J]. Earth Planet Sci Lett, 1996,143:245~255.
[2] DupréB, Gaillardet J, Rousseau D,et al. Major and trace elements of river-borne material:the Congo Basin[J]. Geochimca Cosmochimica Acta, 1996,60:1 301~1 321.
[3] Elderfield H R, Upstill-Goddard, Sholkovitz E R. The rare earth elements in rivers, estuaries, and coastal seas and their significance to the composition of ocean waters[J]. Geochimca Cosmochimica Acta, 1990, 54:971~991.
[4] Goldstein S J, Jacobsen S B. Rare earth elements in river waters[J]. Earth Planet Sci Lett, 1988, 89:35~47.
[5] Keasler K M, Loveland W D. Rare earth elemental concentrations in some Pacific Northwest rivers[J]. Earth Planet Sci Lett, 1982, 61:68~72.
[6] Sholkovitz E R. Chemical evolution of rare earth elements:fractionation between colloidal and solution phases of filtered river water[J]. Earth Planet Sci Lett, 1992, 114:77~84.
[7] Sholkovitz E R. The geochemistry of rare earth elements in the Amazon river estuary[J]. Geochimca Cosmochimica Acta,1993, 57:2 181~2 190.
[8] Tanizaki Y, Shimokawa T, Nakamura M. Physicochemical speciation of trace elements in river waters by size fractionation[J]. Environ Sci Technol, 1992, 26:1 433~1 444.
[9] 王琦,于志刚,吴莹,等.罗纳河中悬浮物质的痕量元素的研究[J].海洋与湖沼, 1998, 29(2):197~205.
[10] Gouveia M A, Araújo M F D, Dias J M A. Rare earth element distribution in sediments from the Minho river and estuary (Portugal)—a preliminary study [J]. Chem Geol,1993, 107:379~383.
[11] Ross G R, Guevara S R, Arribére M A. Rare earth geo-chemistry in sediments of the Upper Manso River Basin, Río Negro, Argentina[J]. Earth Plannet Sci Lett, 1995, 133:47~57.
[12] Sholkovitz E R, Piepgras D J, Jacobsen S B. The pore water chemistry of rare earth elements in Buzzards bay sediments[J]. Geochimca Cosmochimica Acta, 1989, 53: 2 847~2 856.
[13] Bluth G J S, Kump L R. Lithologic and climatologic controls of river chemistry[J]. Geochimca Cosmochimica Acta, 1994,58:2 341~2 359.
[14] 陈衍景,邓健,胡桂兴.环境对沉积物微量元素含量和配分型式的制约[J].地质地球化学, 1996, 3:97~105.
[15] Gouveia M A, Prudêncio M I, Figueirdo M O,et al. Behavior of REE and other trace and major elements during weathering of granitic rocks, Evora, Portugal[J]. Chem Geol,1993, 107:293~296.
[16] Prudêncio M I, Braga M A S, Gouveia M A. REE mobilization, fractionation and precipitation during weathering of basalts[J]. Chem Geol, 1993, 107:251~254.
[17] Koeppenkastrop D, De Carlo E H. Uptake of rare earth elements from solution by metal oxides[J]. Environ Sci Technol, 1993, 27:1 796~1 802.
[18] Koeppenkastrop D, De Carlo E H, Roth M. A method to investigate the interaction of rare earth elements in aqueous solution with metal oxides[J]. J Radi Nucl Chem, 1991, 152:337~346.
[19] Davis J A. Adsorption of natural dissolved organic matter at the oxide/water interface[J]. Geochimca Cosmochimica Acta, 1982, 46:2 381~2 393.
[20] Cantrell K J, Byrne R H. Rare earth element complexation by carbonate and oxalate ions[J]. Geochimca Cosmochimica Acta, 1987, 51:597~605.
[21] Johannesson K H, Berry Lyons W. The rare earth element geochemistry of Mono Lake water and the importance of carbonate complexing[J]. Limnol Oceanogr, 1994, 39:1 141~1 154.
[22] Wood S A. The aqueous geochemistry of the rare-earth elements and yttrium 1 review of available low-temperature date for inorganic complexes and the inorganic REE speciation of natural waters[J]. Chem Geol, 1990, 82:159~186.          
[23] Byrne R H, Lee J H, Bingler L S. Rare earth element complexation by PO3-4ions in aqueous solution[J]. Geochimca Cosmochimica Acta, 1991, 55:2 729~2 735.
[24] Johannesson K.H. Berry Lyons W, Yelken M A. Geochemistry of rare-earth elements in hypersaline and dilute acidic natural terrestrial waters: complexation behavior and middle rare-earth elements enrichments[J]. Chem Geol, 1996, 133:125~144.
[25] Wang Z L, Liu C Q. Two-stage correlation between pH and REE concentrations and patterns in rivers[J]. Chinese Science Bulletin, 1999, 44(Sup 2):106~107.
[26] Millero F J. Stability constants for the formation of rare earth inorganic complexes as a function of ionic strength[J].Geochimca Cosmochimica Acta, 1992, 56:3 123~3 132.
[27] Sholkovitz E R, Church T M, Arimoto R. Rare earth element composition of precipitation, precipitation particles,and aerosols[J]. J Geophy Res, 1993, 98:20 587~20 599.
[28] Thirlwall M F. A triple-filament method for rapid and precise analysis of rare-earth elements by isotope dilution[J].Chem Geol, 1982, 35:155~166.
[29] Shabani M B, Akagi T, Shimizu H,et al. Determination of trace Lanthanides and Yttrium in seawater by Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry after preconcentration with solvent extraction and back-extraction[J]. Anal Chem,1990, 62:2 709~2 714.

No Suggested Reading articles found!