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地球科学进展  2018, Vol. 33 Issue (3): 225-235    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2018.03.0225
综述与评述     
病毒对海洋细菌代谢的影响及其生物地球化学效应
卢龙飞1(), 张锐1, 徐杰2, 焦念志1,*()
1.厦门大学海洋与地球学院, 近海海洋环境科学国家重点实验室, 海洋微型生物与地球圈层研究所, 福建 厦门 361102
2.中国科学院南海海洋研究所, 广东 广州 510301
Influence of Virus upon the Marine Bacterial Metabolism and Its Biogeochemical Effects
Longfei Lu1(), Rui Zhang1, Jie Xu2, Nianzhi Jiao1,*()
1.Institute of Marine Microbes and Ecospheres, State Key Laboratory of Marine Environmental Science, College of Ocean & Earth Sciences, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361102, China;
2.South China Sea Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510301, China
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摘要:

病毒是海洋生态系统中丰度最高的生命形式,其中超过90%属于浮游细菌(细菌和古菌)病毒,是海洋生态系统的重要参与者和海洋生物地球化学循环的重要驱动力。作为海洋浮游细菌主要的致死因子之一,病毒通过裂解宿主释放出大量的有机物和营养盐,调控宿主群落的代谢行为,进而影响生物地球化学循环。同时,伴随侵染的发生,病毒挟持宿主细胞的代谢系统完成自身的生命周期,从而改变宿主胞内的代谢途径和代谢产物。概述了病毒在个体层面和群落层面对海洋浮游细菌代谢的影响,及其对海洋元素循环的作用,评估了气候变化、环境因子对病毒调控细菌代谢的潜在影响,有助于人们对微生物参与的海洋生物地球化学循环的全面认识。

关键词: 海洋病毒海洋细菌代谢病毒—宿主相互作用;    
Abstract:

Viruses are by far the most abundant entities in marine environments, and are mainly phages that infect bacteria and archaea, which also are a significant component of marine ecosystem and a major force behind marine biogeochemical cycles. As a major source of mortality, viral lysis can release highly labile cellular components, both organic matters and inorganic nutrients, regulating the metabolism of its hosts and influencing the biogeochemical cycles. During infection, viruses could hijack the metabolic system of hosts for its own propagation, thereby changing the metabolism and metabolites of host cells. This paper summarized the effects of viruses on the metabolism of marine bacterioplankton at both the cellular and community level, and its influence on the cycling of ocean elements. Then, the potential impact of environmental factors was assessed on the influence of viruses upon bacterial metabolism. This paper will contribute to a comprehensive understanding of the role of microbes within marine biogeochemical cycles.

Key words: Marine virus    Marine bacteria    Metabolism    Virus-host interaction.
收稿日期: 2017-11-13 出版日期: 2018-05-02
ZTFLH:  P593  
基金资助: *国家自然科学基金优秀青年科学基金项目“海洋病毒生态学”(编号:41522603);国家自然科学基金面上项目“溶源性噬菌体对海洋细菌生理生态特性的影响”(编号:31570172)资助.
通讯作者: 焦念志     E-mail: lulongfei567@163.com;jiao@xmu.edu.cn
作者简介:

作者简介:卢龙飞(1987-),男,山东荣成人,博士研究生,主要从事海洋病毒生态学研究.E-mail:lulongfei567@163.com

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引用本文:

卢龙飞, 张锐, 徐杰, 焦念志. 病毒对海洋细菌代谢的影响及其生物地球化学效应[J]. 地球科学进展, 2018, 33(3): 225-235.

Longfei Lu, Rui Zhang, Jie Xu, Nianzhi Jiao. Influence of Virus upon the Marine Bacterial Metabolism and Its Biogeochemical Effects. Advances in Earth Science, 2018, 33(3): 225-235.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2018.03.0225        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2018/V33/I3/225

实验对象 地点 时间 参数 影响/% 参考文献
病毒—宿主(Vibrio)体系的稀释培养 近岸 BP 0 [44]
BR 55
BGE -66
病毒—宿主(Psychrobacter、α-proteob-
acterium)体系的稀释培养
香港富营养近岸 2008年7月 BP -25~-79 [45]
sBP -6~-66 (<48 h)
BR -29~-84
sBR -41~+2
BGE -37~+32
香港寡营养近岸 2008年7月 BP -38~0
sBP -16~+85
BR -63~+4
sBR -45~+88
BGE -19~+63
自然群落 北太平洋近岸 1995年2月 BP +59~+350 [46]
自然群落 BP -62 [47]
BR 0
BR +
BGE -43
自然群落 南太平洋近岸 1999年6月 BR -32~-78 [48]
1999年9月 BR +86~+92
自然群落 地中海 2002年4月 BP -38 [41]
BR +21
BGE -39
地中海 2002年5月 BP -20
BR +20
BGE -28
南大洋 2005年2月 BP -32
BR -51
BGE +25
2005年8月 BR +321
sBR +275
2005年12月 BP -31
sBP -44
BR +20
sBR +
自然群落 地中海 BGE -36 [42]
2006年2月 BP -33
sBP -
BR -4
sBR +6
BGE -23
自然群落 地中海 2004年3月 (s)BP - [49]
2004年4月 (s)BP +
(s)BP -(大部分)
自然群落 香港近岸 2011年7,8,11月 (s)BR -(大部分) [43]
BGE -/+
(s)BP -
自然群落 香港近岸 2013年8月 (s)BR - [50]
BGE -/+
表1  涉及海洋病毒对细菌群落代谢影响的已发表研究总结
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