地球科学进展 ›› 2016, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (5): 461 -470. doi: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2016.05.0461.

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基于生态系统的海洋管理:概念、原则、框架与实践途径
孟伟庆, 胡蓓蓓, 刘百桥 *, 周俊   
  1. 天津师范大学 城市与环境科学学院,天津 300387
  • 收稿日期:2016-03-10 修回日期:2016-04-29 出版日期:2016-05-10
  • 通讯作者: 刘百桥(1968-),男,浙江余姚人,教授,主要从事海域管理技术与政策研究.E-mail:liu_baiqiao@263.net

Marine Ecosystem—Based Management: Definition,Principles, Framework and Practice

Meng Weiqing, Hu Beibei, Liu Baiqiao *, Zhou Jun   

  1. College of Urban and Environment Science,Tianjin Normal University,Tianjin 300387,China
  • Received:2016-03-10 Revised:2016-04-29 Online:2016-05-10 Published:2016-05-10
  • About author:Meng Weiqing (1979-), male, Changzhi City, Shanxi Province, Lecturer. Research areas include ecosystem management and sustainable development.E-mail:mengweiqing01@126.comCorresponding author:Liu Baiqiao (1968-), male, Yuyao City, Zhejiang Province, Professor. Research areas include marine management and policy.E-mail:liu_baiqiao@263.net
  • Supported by:
    Project supported by the Public Science and Technology Research Funds Projects of Ocean “Stock assessment of spatial resources in coastal areas and optimized utilization management”(No.201405025-3)
基于生态系统的海洋管理(MEBM)是一种跨学科的管理方法,该方法以科学理解生态系统的关联性、完整性和生物多样性为基础,结合生态系统的动态特征,以海洋生态系统而不是行政范围为管理对象,以达到海域资源的可持续利用为目标,对社会、经济和生态效益进行耦合以达到最大化的管理体系。在梳理国内外生态系统管理及相关研究进展的基础上,总结了基于生态系统的海域资源管理的基本理论、概念、原则、框架,对国外典型案例进行了介绍,并针对我国实际情况提出了建议,有利于我国海洋管理部门在海洋主体功能区规划等已有管理框架的基础上,强化生态科学与海洋管理的结合,推进我国海洋生态系统保护和海域资源的可持续利用。
As the largest ecosystems of the earth, marine ecosystem provides many types of ecosystem service to human. More than 60% of the global population lives the coastal area. A healthy ocean is critical to our economy, health and way of life. However, with rapid population growth and densely inhabited coastal areas, our dependence on marine resources is greater than ever. The overuse and mismanagement of ecosystem services have placed great pressure on marine systems, thereby threatening the future of marine ecosystems, and the services they provide. With anthropogenic pressures increasing in coastal cities, adopting ecosystem-based management frameworks that minimize impacts on marine environments while allowing for sustainable development is critical. Marine Ecosystem-Based Management seeks to manage marine resources in ways that protect ecosystem health while providing the ecosystem services needed by people. Rather than focusing solely on a single species or resource, MEBM incorporates science and balances the demands of user groups in a manner that produces management strategies that are more likely to be sustainable than traditional approaches. The definition, principles and framework were discussed in this paper based on the summary of literature, and two examples were introduced. Last, some suggestions were put forward to marine ecosystem management for ocean ecosystem and for healthy coastal resources sustainable utilization.

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