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地球科学进展  2014, Vol. 29 Issue (4): 515-522    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2014.04.0515
研究论文     
活动陆块背景下蒸发盆地后生阶段富钾区的演变
陈科贵1, 李利1*, 李春梅2, 于静3, 王林4, 林新4
1. 西南石油大学地球科学技术学院, 四川 成都 610500;
2. 东方地球物理公司研究院, 河北 涿州 072750;
3. 新疆油田分公司勘探开发研究院, 新疆 克拉玛依 834000;
4. 中国石油集团测井有限公司国际事业部, 北京 102200
Evolution of the Potash-Rich Areas in Evaporation Basin during the Epigenetic Stage with Continental Block Being Active
Chen Kegui1, Li Li1, Li Chunmei2, Yu Jing3, Wang Lin4, Lin Xin4
1. School of Earth Science and Technology, Southwest Petroleum University, Chengdu 610500, China;
2. Research Institute, Bureau of Geophysics Prospecting, Zhuozhou 072750, China;
3. Research Institute of Exploration and Development, Xinjiang Oilfield Company, Karamay 834000, China;
4. International Division, China Petroleum Logging CO. LTD, Beijing 102200, China
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摘要:

在分析四川盆地成钾地质背景的基础上, 提出“成盐源控论”的思想, “成盐源”为早期符合成盐条件下的沉降中心。指出富钾区并不一定在最利成盐的沉降中心, 可能经过卤水的运移沉积在凹陷边缘压力相对较低的地带。在成岩阶段, 随着沉积凹陷的不断埋深, 沉积厚度不断增厚, 储卤层剩余压力持续增加, 温度不断上升, 钾盐的溶解度升高, 以至于钾盐在深盆中只会不断地溶解而不会沉积, 在压实作用下, 压实卤水从凹陷中心流向凹陷边缘。富含钾的地下水运移至压力相对较低的位置, 在一定的条件下得以析出或富集。以四川三叠系南充盐盆杂卤石和平落坝富钾卤水成矿特点为例作进一步详细说明。

关键词: 钾盐地下卤水运移四川盆地成盐源控论    
Abstract:

Based on analysis of potash-forming background in the Sichuan Basin, the theory of “source control” for potash is proposed. The so-called source areas are referred to those sinking centers meeting the conditions of forming potash early while the potassium-rich areas are probably not the early potassium’s sedimentary centers and after migrating along with brine potassium possibly would deposit in the edge of the depression where formation’s pressure is relatively low. During the diagenesis stage, the sedimentary center increasingly subsided, resulting in larger depositional thickness, greater remaining pressure of potassium reservoir and higher temperature of formation. Under such conditions, the potash’s solubility increases so much that potash’s solution is prior to its accumulation in the deep depression’s center. Drived by the compaction force, the potassium-rich water in the sedimentary rock would flow from the center to the edge of depression. At last, the potassium-rich water would migrate to those areas with lower pressure, then precipitate and accumulate so as to develop potash deposit. In this paper, the ore-forming characteristics of both the Triassic Nanchong salt basin polyhalite and the Pingluo Dam potassium-rich brine in Sichuan Basin are taken as examples for further detailed discussion.

Key words: Sichuan Basin    Potassium salt    Migration of underground water    Source control
收稿日期: 2014-01-14 出版日期: 2014-04-10
:  P611.4+1  
基金资助:

国家自然科学基金项目“四川盆地油钾兼探的地球物理评价方法研究”(编号:41372103); 国家重点基础研究发展计划项目“四川三叠纪古特提斯海盆钾分布、评价研究”(编号:2011CB403002)资助.

通讯作者: 李利(1990-), 女, 甘肃平凉人, 硕士研究生, 主要从事石油地质, 钾盐矿床研究.      E-mail: swpulili@163. com
作者简介: 陈科贵(1959-), 男, 四川自贡人, 教授, 主要从事石油地质、测井储层评价技术、测井地质与工程测井应用研究和四川钾盐普查研究.E-mail:chenkegui@21cn.com
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引用本文:

陈科贵, 李利, 李春梅, 于静, 王林, 林新. 活动陆块背景下蒸发盆地后生阶段富钾区的演变[J]. 地球科学进展, 2014, 29(4): 515-522.

Chen Kegui, Li Li, Li Chunmei, Yu Jing, Wang Lin, Lin Xin. Evolution of the Potash-Rich Areas in Evaporation Basin during the Epigenetic Stage with Continental Block Being Active. Advances in Earth Science, 2014, 29(4): 515-522.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2014.04.0515        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2014/V29/I4/515

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