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地球科学进展  2010, Vol. 25 Issue (2): 163-173    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2010.02.0163
研究论文     
牡蛎壳体的同位素贝壳年轮研究
范昌福1,2;王宏2;裴艳东2;Koeniger Paul3;李延河1
 
1.中国地质科学院矿产资源研究所,北京  100037;2.中国地质调查局天津地调中心,天津  300170;3.德国汉诺威莱布尼兹应用地质科学研究所,汉诺威  D-30655
Stable Isotope Sclerochronology Study of Oyster Shells
Fan Changfu1,2,Wang Hong2,Pei Yandong2,Koeniger Paul3,Li Yanhe1
1. Institute of Mineral Resources, Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, Beijing  100037, China;
2. Tianjin Centre, China Geological Survey, Tianjin  300170, China; 
3. Leibniz Institute for Applied Geophysics, Geozentrum Hannover, Hannover  D-30655, Germany
 全文: PDF(15001 KB)  
摘要:

贝壳年轮学通过研究水生生物骨骼的周期性增长,来解译其生命历史及记录的环境信息。介绍了贝壳年轮研究的对象和方法、回顾了贝壳年轮的发展历程,并以渤海湾地区的现生和埋藏牡蛎壳体为例进行了贝壳年轮与壳体同位素剖面分析研究,首次同时关注牡蛎壳体剖面内的生长层和壳体韧带槽表面的特征层,二者共同指示了准确的生长年轮。结果显示,对应于壳体韧带槽表面凹沟的壳体剖面内灰色半透明生长层,具有一个年生长周期内最重的氧同位素比值,是晚秋至早春季节水温较低、食物来源匮乏时期形成的缓慢致密生长层;对应于壳体韧带槽表面外凸层中部的壳体剖面内灰色半透明生长层,具有较轻的氧同位素比值,是春季牡蛎产卵而形成的缓慢致密生长层;二者均具有良好的季节性指示意义,可以根据这些特征生长层对壳体的生长年龄进行准确的判断。

关键词: 贝壳年轮壳体同位素剖面生长年龄牡蛎渤海湾    
Abstract:

Sclerochronology, the study of periodic increments in skeletal organisms, can decipher the life history and environmental records preserved in fossil shells. In this study, we introduced the term of Sclerochronology and study methods, reviewed the history and development of this science. Living and buried oyster shells from Bohai Bay were selected for case study, micro-growth patterns and consecutive micro-sample along a profile perpendicular to skeletal growth increments were analyzed for shell growth age estimation. Our work takes the morphological features on ligamental surface, together with the corresponding translucent growth bands on the shell cross-section into account with stable isotope profiles, to determine if concave bottoms and growth breaks on convex band on the shell resilifer surface, and their corresponding translucent growth bands on shell cross-sections, were formed seasonally in the oyster shells of Crassostrea gigas. Further, we aim to derive ontogenetic information from the oyster shells of C. gigas. Results show that concave bottoms on resilifer surface, which were formed during lowest temperature recorded by shell in winter seasons, and corresponding translucent growth lines on cross-section of left valve, are suitable indicators of annual growth increments in these Pacific oyster shells of west Bohai Bay. Beside these concave bottoms and corresponding translucent growth lines, growth breaks near convex tops on resilifer surface and corresponding translucent growth lines on cross-sections, which were results of spawning during spring season, are also suitable indicators of annual growth increments. The spawning growth breaks and alternated concave bottoms are pair of excellent indicators for annual growth increment. The life spans, growth rates, and the timing of spawning and death can be determined from the ligament increments of these oyster shells.

Key words: Sclerochronology    Shell stable isotope profiles    Growth age    Oyster    Bohai Bay
收稿日期: 2009-07-15 出版日期: 2010-02-10
:  P736.22  
基金资助:

国家自然科学基金项目“渤海湾西北岸埋藏牡蛎礁古环境重建”(编号:40872106)和“渤海湾西北岸埋藏牡蛎礁记录的中全新世古环境变化”(编号:40742011);中央级公益性科研院所基本科研业务费专项资金“生物壳体样品Sr同位素LA-MC-ICPMS微区原位测定”(编号:K0919)资助.

通讯作者: 范昌福     E-mail: tjfchangfu@cgs.gov.cn
作者简介: 范昌福(1979-),男,安徽芜湖人,博士后,主要从事同位素地球化学环境研究. E-mail:fchangfu@gmail.com
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引用本文:

范昌福,王宏,裴艳东,Koeniger Paul,李延河. 牡蛎壳体的同位素贝壳年轮研究[J]. 地球科学进展, 2010, 25(2): 163-173.

Fan Changfu,Wang Hong,Pei Yandong,Koeniger Paul,Li Yanhe. Stable Isotope Sclerochronology Study of Oyster Shells. Advances in Earth Science, 2010, 25(2): 163-173.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2010.02.0163        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2010/V25/I2/163

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