Please wait a minute...
img img
高级检索
地球科学进展  2009, Vol. 24 Issue (6): 643-651    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2009.06.0643
IODP研究     
北冰洋西部晚第四纪浮游有孔虫氧碳同位素记录的海冰形成速率
王汝建1,肖文申2,成鑫荣1,陈建芳3,高爱国4,韩贻兵5,李秀珠3
1.同济大学海洋地质国家重点实验室, 上海  200092;   2. Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research,Bremerhaven  27517,Germany;
3.国家海洋局第二海洋研究所,浙江  杭州  310012;4.厦门大学海洋系,福建  厦门  361005; 5.国家海洋局第一海洋研究所,山东  青岛  266061
Sea Ice Formation Rates Recorded in Planktonic Foraminiferal Oxygen and Carbon Isotopes in the Western Arctic Ocean during the Late Quaternary
Wang Rujian1, Xiao Wenshen2, Cheng Xinrong1, Chen Jianfang3,Gao Aiguo4, Han Yibing5, Li Xiuzhu3
1.State Key Laboratory of Marine Geology, Tongji University, Shanghai  200092, China;
2.Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research, Bremerhaven  27517, Germany;
3.Second Institute of Oceanography, State Oceanic Administration, Hangzhou  310012, China;
4.Department of Oceanography, Xiamen University, Xiamen  361005, China;
5.First Institute of Oceanography, State Oceanic Administration, Qingdao  266061, China
 全文: PDF(4267 KB)  
摘要:

北冰洋西部晚第四纪浮游有孔虫Neogloboquadrina pachyderma(sin.) (Nps)壳体的δ18O和δ13C与浮游有孔虫丰度和筏冰碎屑含量的综合研究表明,MIS 7晚期以来,Nps的δ18O和δ13C值出现7次明显的偏轻,可能与海冰形成速率的提高造成轻同位素卤水的生产和下沉相关。偏轻的Nps δ18O和δ13C值对应于极低的浮游有孔虫丰度和筏冰碎屑含量,因此这些轻值与温暖的大西洋水和淡水的输入无关,应当指示进入北冰洋的大西洋水减弱和楚科奇海陆架水的大量减少。相反,Nps δ18O的重值则反映输入北冰洋的淡水和太平洋水的减少;Nps δ13C的重值指示来自陆架流通性更好的表层和盐跃层水向北冰洋的输送。

 

关键词: Neogloboquadrina pachyderma (sin.)δ18O和δ13C轻值海冰形成速率晚第四纪北冰洋西部    
Abstract:

An integrated study was carried out on stable isotopes of planktonic foraminifera Neogloboquadrina pachyderma (sin.) (Nps), planktonic foraminiferal abundance and ice-rafted detritus (IRD) in the western Arctic Ocean to investigate sea ice formation during the late Quaternary. Our results show that light excursions in Nps δ18O and δ13C happened seven times, likely indicating the production and sinking of isotopically light brines caused by enhanced rate of the sea ice formation. Because concomitant decrease occurred in planktonic foraminiferal abundance and IRD, these light Nps δ18O and δ13C values unlikely reflect inputs of freshwater and warm Atlantic waters. They more likely suggest reduction of Atlantic waters into the Arctic Ocean and substantial decrease of Chukchi Sea shelf waters. On the contrary, heavy δ18O values would indicate reduction of freshwater and Pacific waters into the Arctic Ocean and heavy δ13C values be caused by well ventilated surface and halocline waters transported from the shelf into the Arctic Ocean.

Key words: Neogloboquadrina pachyderma(sin.)    Light δ18O and δ13C excursions    Rate of sea ice formation    Late Quaternary    Western Arctic.
收稿日期: 2009-05-08 出版日期: 2009-06-10
:  P736.22+1  
基金资助:

国家重点基础研究发展计划项目“大洋碳循环与气候演变的热带驱动”(编号:G2007CB815903);国家自然科学基金创新研究群体项目“西太平洋暖池与东亚古环境:沉积记录的海陆对比”(编号:40321603);国家自然科学基金项目“晚第四纪冰期旋回中北冰洋的古海洋与古气候记录”(编号:40676030)联合资助.

通讯作者: 王汝建     E-mail: rjwang@tongji.edu.cn
作者简介: 王汝建(1959-),男,云南昆明人,博士,教授,主要从事海洋地质与古海洋学及古气候学研究.E-mail:rjwang@tongji.edu.cn
服务  
把本文推荐给朋友
加入引用管理器
E-mail Alert
RSS
作者相关文章  
王汝建
肖文申
成鑫荣
陈建芳
高爱国
韩贻兵
李秀珠

引用本文:

王汝建,肖文申,成鑫荣,陈建芳,高爱国,韩贻兵,李秀珠. 北冰洋西部晚第四纪浮游有孔虫氧碳同位素记录的海冰形成速率[J]. 地球科学进展, 2009, 24(6): 643-651.

Wang Rujian, Xiao Wenshen, Cheng Xinrong, Chen Jianfang,Gao Aiguo, Han Yibing. Sea Ice Formation Rates Recorded in Planktonic Foraminiferal Oxygen and Carbon Isotopes in the Western Arctic Ocean during the Late Quaternary. Advances in Earth Science, 2009, 24(6): 643-651.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2009.06.0643        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2009/V24/I6/643

[1] Darby D A, Polyak L, Bauch H A. Past glacial and interglacial conditions in the Arctic Ocean and marginal seas-A review[J].Progress in Oceanography,2006,71:129-144.
[2] Chen Liqi,Bian Lin′gen,Zhao Jinping,et al. Marine Environment and Air-Sea Interaction in the Arctic Ocean[M].Beijing: Chinese Ocean Press, 2003.[陈立奇,卞林根,赵进平, 等. 北极海洋环境与海气相互作用研究[M]. 北京: 海洋出版社, 2003.] 
[3] Smith L M, Miller G H, Otto-Bliesner B, et al. Sensitivity of the northern hemisphere climate system to extreme changes in Holocene Arctic sea ice[J].Quaternary Science Reviews,2002, 22: 645-658.
[4] Moritz R E,Bitz C M, Steig E J. Dynamics of recent climate change in the Arctic[J].Science,2002, 297: 1 497-1 502.
[5] Volkmann R. Planktic foraminifers in the outer Laptev sea and the Fram Strait-modern distribution and ecology[J].Journal of Foraminiferal Research, 2000, 30 (3): 157-176.
[6] Kohfeld K E, Fairbanks R G, Smith S L,et al. Neogloboquadrina pachyderma(sinistral coiling) as paleoceanographic tracers in polar oceans: Evidence from northeast water polynya plankton tows, sediment traps, and surface sediment[J].Paleoceanography,1996, 11: 679-699.
[7] Bauch D, Darling K, Simstich J, et al. Palaeoceanographic implications of genetic variation in living north Atlantic Neogloboquadrina pachydrema[J].Nature,2003, 424: 299-302.
[8] Nørgaard-Pedersen N, Spielhagen R F, Erlenkeuser H, et al. Arctic Ocean during the Last Glacial Maximum: Atlantic and polar domains of surface water mass distribution and ice cover[J].Paleoceanography,2003,18(3):1063, doi: 10.1029/2002PA000781.
[9] Knies J, Vogt C. Freshwater pulse in the eastern Arctic Ocean during Saalian and early Weichselian ice-sheet collapse[J].Quaternary Research, 2003, 60: 243-251.
[10] Knies J, Matthiessen J, Mackensen A, et al. Effects of Arctic freshwater forcing on thermohaline circulation during the Pleistocene[J].Geology, 2007,35(12):1 075-1 078.
[11] Hillaire-Marcel C, de Vernal A. Stable isotope clue to episodic sea ice formation in the glacial north Atlantic[J].Earth and Planetary Science Letters,2008, 268: 143-150.
[12] Zhang Zhanhai,ed. Report of the Second Chinese National Arctic expedition[R].Beijing:China Ocean Press, 2003:1-229.[张占海主编. 中国第二次北极科学考察报告[R]. 北京: 海洋出版社, 2003: 1-229.]
[13] Hillaire-Marcel C, de Vernal A, Polyak L, et al. Size-dependent isotopic composition of planktic foraminifers from Chukchi Sea vs. NW Atlantic sediments-implications for the Holocene paleoceanography of the western Arctic[J].Quaternary Science Reviews,2004, 23: 245-260.
[14] Polyak L, Curry W B, Darby D A, et al. Contrasting glacial/interglacial regimes in the western Arctic Ocean as exemplified by a sedimentary record from the Mendeleev ridge[J].Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology,2004,203:73-93.
[15] Poore R Z, Osterman L, Curry W B, et al. Late Pleistocene and Holocene meltwater events in the western Arctic Ocean[J].Geology,1999,27(8):759-762.
[16] Polyak L, Darby D A, Bischof J F, et al. Startigraphic constraints on late Pleistocene glacial erosion and deglaciation of the Chukchi margin, Arctic Ocean[J].Quaternary Research,2007,67:234-245.
[17] Andrews J T, Dunhill G. Early to mid-Holocene Atlantic water influx and deglacial meltwater events, Beaufort Sea slope, Arctic Ocean[J].Quaternary Research,2004,61:14-21.
[18] Ishman S E, Polyak L, Poore R Z. Expanded record of Quaternary oceanographic change: Amerasian Arctic Ocean[J].Geology,1996,24(2):139-142.
[19] Grebmeier J M, Cooper L W, Feder H M,et al. Ecosystem dynamics of the Pacific-influenced northern Bering and Chukchi seas in the Amerasian Arctic[J].Progress in Oceanography,2006, 71: 331-361.
[20] Schmidt G A. Forward modeling of carbonate proxy data from planktonic foraminifera using oxygen isotope tracers in a global ocean model[J].Paleoceanography,1999, 14: 482-497.
[21] Bigg G R, Rohling E J. An oxygen isotope data set for marine water[J].Journal of Geophysical Research,2000, 105: 8 527-8 535.
[22] Bauch D, Schlosser P, Fairbanks R G. Freshwater balance and the sources of deep and bottom waters in the Arctic Ocean inferred from the distribution of H218O[J].Progress in Oceanography,1995, 35: 53-80.
[23] Macdonald R W, Paton D W, Carmack E C, et al. The freshwater budget and under-ice spreading of Mackenzie River water in the Canadian Beaufort sea based on salinity and 18O/16O measurements in water and ice[J].Journal of Geophysical Research,1995, 100: 895-919.
[24] Bauch D, Carstens J, Wefer G. Oxygen isotope composition of living Neogloboquadrina pachyderma(sin.) in the Arctic Ocean[J].Earth Planetary Science Letters,1997, 146: 47-58.
[25] Wu G-P, Hillaire-Marcel C. Oxygen isotope compositions of sinistral Neogloboquadrina pachyderma tests in surface sediments: north Atlantic Ocean[J].Geochimica Cosmochimica Acta,1994,58:1 303-1 312.
[26] Duplessy J-C, Ivanova E, Murdmaa I, et al. Holocene paleoceanography of the northern Barents sea and variations in the northward heat transport of the Atlantic Ocean[J].Boreas,2001, 30: 2-16.
[27] Hillaire-Marcel C, de Vernal A, Bilodeau B, et al. Changes of potential density gradients in the northwestern north Atlantic during the last climatic cycle, based on a multiproxy approach[C]//Seidov D, Haupt B J, Maslin M, eds. The Oceans and Rapid Climate Changes: Past, Present and Future. Geophysical Monograph Series 126, American Geophysical Union, Washington DC, 2001: 83-100.
[28] Spindler M. On the salinity tolerance of the planktonic foraminifer Neogloboquadrina pachyderma from Antarctic sea-ice[J].Proceeding of the NIPR Symposium on Polar Biology,1996, 9: 85-91.
[29] Berger W H. Climate Change[EB/OL]. http://earthguide.ucsd.edu/virtualmuseum/climatechange2/03_3.shtml, 2006.
[30] Cooper L W, Benner R, McClelland J W, et al. Linkages among runoff, dissolved organic carbon, and the stable oxygen isotope composition of seawater and other water mass indicators in the Arctic Ocean[J].Journal of Geophysical Research,2005, 110, G02013, doi: 10. 1029/2005JG000031.
[31] Löwemark L, Jakobsson M, Mrth M, et al. Arctic Ocean manganese contents and sediment colour cycles[J].Polar Research,2008,27(2):105-113.
[32] Backman J, Jakobsson M, Løvlie R, et al. Is the central Arctic Ocean a sediment starved basin?[J].Quaternary Science Reviews,2004,23:1 435-1 454.
[33] Darby D A, Zimmerman P. Ice-rafted detritus events in the Arctic during the last glacial interval and the timing of the Innuitian and Laurentide ice sheet calving events[J].Polar Research,2008,27(2):114-127.
[34] Wang Rujian, Xiao Wenshen, Li Wenbao,et al.Late Quateruary ice-rafted detritus events in the Chukechi Basin, western Arctic Ocean[J].Chinese Science Balletin,2009 (in press).[王汝建,肖文申,李文宝,等.北冰洋西部楚科奇海盆晚第四纪的冰筏碎屑事件[J].科学通报,2009,待刊.]
[35] Hill J C, Driscoll N W, Brigham-Grette J, et al. New evidence for high discharge to the Chukchi shelf since the Last Glacial Maximum[J].Quaternary Research,2007,68:271-279.
[36] Spielhagen R. Enigmatic Arctic ice sheets[J].Nature,2001,410:427-428.
[37] Tarasov L, Peltier W R. Arctic freshwater forcing of the Younger Dryas cold reversal[J].Nature, 2005,435:662-665.
[38] Shackleton N J. Attainment of isotopic equilibrium between ocean water and the benthic foraminifera genus Uvigerina: Isotopic changes in the ocean during the Last Glacial[M]//Labeyrie J, ed. Méthodes Quantitatives détude des variations du climat au cours du Pléistocène. Editions du C N R S, France, 1974:203-209.
[39] de Vernal A, Hillaire-Marcel C, Darby D A. Variability of sea ice cover in the Chukchi Sea(western Arctic Ocean) during the Holocene[J].Paleoceanography,2005, 20: PA4018, doi: 10.1029/2005PA001157.
[40] Fisher D, Dyke A, Koemer R, et al. Natural variability of Arctic sea ice over the Holocene[J]. EOS,2006, 87(28): 273-280.
[41] Hebbeln D, Wefer G. Effects of ice coverage and ice-rafted material on sedimentation in the Fram Strait[J].Nature,1991, 350: 409-411.
[42] Hald M, Dokken T, Mikalsen G. Abrupt climatic change during the last interglacial-glacial cycle in the polar north Atlantic[J].Marine Geology,2001,176:121-137.
[43] Xiao Wenshen, Wang Rujian, Cheng Xinrong, et al. Relationship between water properties and planktonic foraminiferal stable isotopes from surface sediments in the western Arctic Ocean[J].Acta Micropalaeontologica Sinica,2006, 23(4): 361-369.[肖文申,王汝建,成鑫荣,等.北冰洋西部表层沉积物中的浮游有孔虫稳定氧、碳同位素与水团性质的关系[J]. 微体古生物学报, 2006,23(4):361-369.]
[44] Keigwin L D, Donnell J P, Cook M S, et al. Rapid sea level rise and Holocene climate in the Chukchi sea[J].Geology,2006, 34(10): 861-864.
[45] Jones E P, Andson L G, Swift J H. Distribution of Atlantic and Pacific waters in the upper Arctic Ocean: Implication for circulation[J].Geophysical Research Letters,1998, 25(6): 765-768.

[1] 林春明, 张霞, 徐振宇, 邓程文, 殷勇, 承秋泉. 长江三角洲晚第四纪地层沉积特征与生物气成藏条件分析[J]. 地球科学进展, 2015, 30(5): 589-601.
[2] 曲长伟,张 霞,林春明,陈顺勇,李艳丽,潘峰,姚玉来. 杭州湾地区晚第四纪浅层生物气藏盖层物性封闭特征[J]. 地球科学进展, 2013, 28(2): 209-220.
[3] 贺子丁,刘志飞,李建如,谢昕. 南海西部54万年以来元素地球化学记录及其反映的古环境演变[J]. 地球科学进展, 2012, 27(3): 327-336.
[4] 刘伟男,王汝建,陈建芳,程振波,陈志华,孙烨忱. 西北冰洋阿尔法脊晚第四纪的陆源沉积物记录及其古环境意义[J]. 地球科学进展, 2012, 27(2): 209-216.
[5] 蒲阳,张虎才,雷国良,常凤琴,杨明生,庞有智. 西北地区晚第四纪沉积地层一元正脂肪酸酰胺分布特征及古气候意义[J]. 地球科学进展, 2010, 25(5): 533-542.