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地球科学进展  2020, Vol. 35 Issue (6): 594-606    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2020.052
构造地貌学     
不断融入新元素的我国构造地貌学研究:以天山为例
吕红华1(),李有利2
1.华东师范大学地理科学学院, 地理信息科学教育部重点实验室, 上海 200241
2.北京大学 城市与环境学院, 地表过程分析与模拟教育部重点实验室, 北京 100871
Development of Tectonic Geomorphology Study Promoted by New Methods in China: A Viewpoint from Reviewing the Tian Shan Researches
Lü Honghua1(),Youli Li2
1.School of Geographic Sciences, Key Laboratory of Geographic Information Science of Ministry of Education, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200241, China
2.College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Key Laboratory of Earth Surface Processes of Ministry of Education, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
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摘要:

构造地貌学是地貌学的重要分支学科,其研究内容已涵盖构造—气候—地表过程之间的相互作用及对地貌演化的影响。我国的构造地貌学研究肇始于20世纪初,在20世纪50年代得以逐渐发展,21世纪以来进入快速发展阶段。经过长期积累和多年的发展,我国的构造地貌学研究已形成了相对完备的理论和方法体系,并呈现出不断与其他邻近学科交叉、融合的趋势。通过梳理近20年天山构造地貌研究在新生代山体隆升扩展与剥露历史、山麓晚新生代砾岩相沉积的年代与成因、山麓与山间盆地晚第四纪活动构造变形、山麓晚第四纪河流地貌(结构、年代与成因)、山地流域侵蚀等方面取得的主要成果,探究学科交叉、新方法的引入对我国构造地貌学研究的促进作用。最后指出构造地貌研究未来可能仍需要关注的一些基本内容和问题,如不同时间尺度的对比研究和河流阶地年龄等。

关键词: 地貌学构造地貌学新构造活动构造天山    
Abstract:

Tectonic Geomorphology is an important branch of Geomorphology. Now the scope of tectonic geomorphology study has covered the interactions between tectonics, climate, surface processes and the influence on geomorphic evolution. The study of tectonic geomorphology in China started at the beginning of the 20th century, developed gradually in the 1950s, and entered a rapid development stage in the new century. Based on the long-term development, the study of tectonic geomorphology in China has formed a relatively complete theoretical and methodological system, and now presents a trend of the continuous intersection and integration with other adjacent disciplines. Now, several books on tectonic geomorphology have been published. The representative book abroad is Tectonic Geomorphology which was edited by Burbank D. W. and Anderson R. S., and was first published in 2001 and reprinted in 2012. In China, the first book on tectonic geomorphology is Active Tectonic Geomorphology which was edited by Yang Jingchun and Li Youli and was first published in 2011.

In recent years, the tectonic geomorphology study has been absorbing and integrating the new ideas and new methods of other disciplines, significantly promoting the development of tectonic geomorphology. At the 2019 China Geographic Congress & the 110th anniversary of the establishment of the Chinese Geographical Society, the authors organized the session "Theory, Method and Application of Tectonic Geomorphology", aiming to present the recent progresses of tectonic geomorphology study in China. Later, invited by the editorial office, the authors organized the special column with the same name in the journal Advances in Earth Science. The contents of this column mainly dealt with the classical theoretical problems of geomorphology (the evolution and the controlling mechanism of river terrace, planation surface, and alluvial fan), new methods (such as K-feldspar thermoluminescence thermochronology, detrital zircon U-Pb chronology), and models and numerical simulation of tectonic geomorphology evolution. Because of the limited number of the articles, it was impossible for this column to comprehensively present the recent progresses in the study of tectonic geomorphology in China. Therefore, this paper first briefly reviewed the history of the development of tectonic geomorphology in China and the basic trend of tectonic geomorphology. The authors started the study of neotectonics and tectonic geomorphology in the Tian Shan range and its foreland basins about 15 years ago (exactly in 2002). The main aim of this paper was to explore the contributions of the interdisciplinary and new methods to the development of tectonic geomorphology study, by reviewing the main achievements in the tectonic geomorphology study conducted in the Tian Shan and its foreland basins during the past 20 years. These achievements include the history of uplift and exhumation during the Cenozoic times, the chronology and genesis of the late Cenozoic terrigenous sedimentary sequences in the foreland basins, the characteristics of the late Quaternary active tectonic deformation in the foreland and intermontane basins, the late Quaternary river geomorphology (geomorphic framework, chronology, and cause of formation), and erosion rates of the catchment basins. At the end of this paper, it was pointed out that, two aspects may need more attention in the future tectonic geomorphology study, i.e. the comparative study at different time scales and the better constraint of the formation age of river terrace.

Key words: Geomorphology    Tectonic geomorphology    Neotectoncis    Active tectonics    The Tian Shan.
收稿日期: 2020-05-04 出版日期: 2020-07-06
ZTFLH:  P931.2  
基金资助: 国家自然科学基金面上项目“天山北缘河流下切速率的时空模式与机制研究”(41771013);“天山北缘乌鲁木齐河流域不同时间尺度构造地貌研究”(41371031)
作者简介: 吕红华(1978-),男,湖南澧县人,教授,主要从事构造地貌研究. E-mail: hhlv@geo.ecnu.edu.cn
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吕红华,李有利. 不断融入新元素的我国构造地貌学研究:以天山为例[J]. 地球科学进展, 2020, 35(6): 594-606.

Lü Honghua,Youli Li. Development of Tectonic Geomorphology Study Promoted by New Methods in China: A Viewpoint from Reviewing the Tian Shan Researches. Advances in Earth Science, 2020, 35(6): 594-606.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2020.052        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2020/V35/I6/594

图1  基于地貌与地质研究的天山(83°~87°E)地壳缩短速率[83,86,92,93](a)与GPS测量[95]的缩短速率(b)
图2  基于参考阶地(各参考阶地年龄均约为12 ka)的天山北麓典型河流下切深度(a)与速率(b)的空间模式[104]
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