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地球科学进展  2019, Vol. 34 Issue (6): 573-583    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2019.06.0573
综述与评述     
中国铁路风沙防治的研究进展
张克存1(),屈建军1,鱼燕萍1,2,韩庆杰1,王涛1,安志山1,胡菲1,2
1. 中国科学院西北生态环境资源研究院,敦煌戈壁荒漠生态与环境研究站,甘肃 兰州730000
2. 中国科学院大学,北京 100049
Progress of Research on Wind-blown Sand Prevention and Control of Railways in China
Kecun Zhang1(),Jianjun Qu1,Yanping Yu1,2,Qingjie Han1,Tao Wang1,Zhishan An1,Fei Hu1,2
1. Dunhuang Gobi and Desert Ecological and Environmental Research Station, Northwest Institute of Eco-Environment and Resources, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000, China
2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
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摘要:

基于中国沙区铁路的发展历程,系统分析了铁路沙害类型、特点以及风沙防治方案、措施和技术体系。针对我国沙区地域特征和铁路沙害类型,作为个例分类剖析了途径流沙地表、高寒环境与戈壁大风区铁路风沙危害与防治技术取得的成效和面临的问题。结合目前我国沙区铁路的发展趋势,从理论研究和工程防沙实践出发,提出复杂地形、特殊环境铁路沙害是今后风沙工程学领域的重点和理论研究趋势,也是沙区铁路沙害防治的关键和难点。

关键词: 铁路沙害风沙防治防护体系复杂地形防治技术    
Abstract:

Based on the development of railways in desert areas of China, the types, characteristics, schemes, measures and technical systems of wind-sand disaster prevention and control were systematically analyzed in this paper. In view of the regional characteristics of sandy areas and the genres of railway sand damage in China, the results achieved and problems faced of wind-sand hazard and prevention technology in quicksand surface, plateau cold region and Gobi gale area were discussed as a case study. Combined with the expanding trend of railways in desert zone in China at present, starting from the theoretical research and the practice of sand control in engineering, it was proposed that the railway sand harm of complicated terrain and special environment is the key research direction in the field of wind-sand engineering in the future, which is also the crucial and difficult point in the protection and control of railway sand hazard in sandy zones.

Key words: Railway sand disaster    Wind-blown sand control    Protection system    Complicated terrain    Prevention and control technology.
收稿日期: 2019-04-28 出版日期: 2019-07-05
ZTFLH:  P425.5+5  
基金资助: 国家自然科学基金项目“垭口、山前丘陵地段风动力环境与敦格铁路沙害形成机理研究”(41871016)
作者简介: 张克存(1978-),男,甘肃民勤人,研究员,主要从事风沙灾害与风沙工程研究. E-mail:kecunzh@lzb.ac.cn
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引用本文:

张克存, 屈建军, 鱼燕萍, 韩庆杰, 王涛, 安志山, 胡菲. 中国铁路风沙防治的研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2019, 34(6): 573-583.

Kecun Zhang, Jianjun Qu, Yanping Yu, Qingjie Han, Tao Wang, Zhishan An, Fei Hu. Progress of Research on Wind-blown Sand Prevention and Control of Railways in China. Advances in Earth Science, 2019, 34(6): 573-583.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2019.06.0573        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2019/V34/I6/573

图1  穿越沙漠戈壁地区铁路分布图
图2  包兰铁路沙坡头段“四带一体”风沙防护体系示意图
图3  高寒环境风沙运动的特殊性
图4  戈壁大风区风沙运动的特殊性
图5  兰新高铁试验示范段防沙工程体系平面设计图[41]
图6  季节性河谷型铁路沙害防治示意图
图7  湖盆型铁路沙害防治示意图
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