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地球科学进展  2017, Vol. 32 Issue (5): 502-512    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2017.05.0502
研究论文     
东北地区港口内陆空间可达性综合测度
韩增林, 尚颜颜, 郭建科*, 王绍博
辽宁师范大学海洋经济与可持续发展研究中心,辽宁 大连 116029
Comprehensive Assessment of Inland Spatial Accessibility of the Northeast Seaports
Han Zenglin, Shang Yanyan, Guo Jianke*, Wang Shaobo
Research Center of Ocean Economy and Sustainable Development, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian Liaoning 116029, China
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摘要: 为明确港口内陆空间可达程度,基于改进的重力模型及GIS网络分析技术对东北地区2002年和2013年港口内陆空间可达性进行综合测度。结果显示:①大连港与营口港2年的内陆空间可达性均处于领军地位,营口港增长势头强劲并超越大连港,锦州港紧随大连港之后,丹东港后来居上,盘锦港和葫芦岛港稍显落后,与传统测度指标下呈现的立体“n”型特征对比鲜明。②空间上六大港口内陆空间可达性沿哈大交通线延伸衰减,省会城市或资源型城市的港口内陆空间可达性出现“飞地”特征,各港口至辽西及蒙东地区可达性均有显著提高。③港—腹交通成本阻力促使港口内陆空间可达性基本格局的形成,重要交通线和港—腹综合“质量”促进这一基本格局发生变化。
关键词: 可达性东北地区港口内陆空间重力模型    
Abstract: The spatial accessibility between inland city and seaport plays a very important role in the process of industrial transformation and upgrading and reasonable layout of port and hinterland. Firstly, this paper began with the difference between seaport and inland-city about the property and the traffic flow on traffic network to define the meaning of inland spatial comprehensive accessibility of port. Then, the modified gravity model was used to measure the comprehensive accessibility level of the inland ports in the Northeast China, analyze the different spatial characteristics and explore finally the mechanism of its internal. The results showed that: ①The accessibility level of the Yingkou Port grew fast and surpassed the Dalian Port at last, the Jinzhou Port followed the Dalian Port, the Dandong Port caught up later, with the Panjin Port and the Huludao Port being slightly behind, but it was contrast with the “n” structure feature measured by the shortest travel time index and the weighted average travel time index. At the same time, the difference among the six ports was more significant in the hinterland of the overall improvement of the traffic network. ②The inland spatial accessibility of the six major ports is presented along the Harbin Dalian traffic. The level of spatial accessibility in western Liaoning and eastern Mongolia is higher than other areas. There exists a kind of “enclave” phenomenon about the port-inland spatial accessibility of the capital city and the resource type city which have strong comprehensive economic strength. ③Traffic cost between port and inland resistance promotes the formation of the basic pattern of inland space in the port, and the important traffic lines and the comprehensive “quality” promote the change of this basic pattern.
Key words: Accessibility    Gravity model    Port-inland spatial    The Northeast region.
收稿日期: 2016-11-15 出版日期: 2017-05-20
ZTFLH:  P963  
基金资助: 国家自然科学基金面上项目“转型期港口区域化与产业临港集聚过程及其关联机制研究——以环渤海为例”(编号:41571122); 国家自然科学基金项目“流动空间塑造下沿海港口与其城市网络体系的耦合与重构”(编号:41571126)资助
通讯作者: 郭建科(1980-),男,山西长治人,副教授,主要从事交通物流与港口空间组织、城市地理究.E-mail:gjianke@126.com   
作者简介: 韩增林 (1956-),男,山东商河人,教授,主要从事交通运输地理、区域开发与规划、海洋经济地理研究.E-mail:hzl@lnnu.edu.cn
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引用本文:

韩增林, 尚颜颜, 郭建科, 王绍博. 东北地区港口内陆空间可达性综合测度[J]. 地球科学进展, 2017, 32(5): 502-512.

Han Zenglin, Shang Yanyan, Guo Jianke, Wang Shaobo. Comprehensive Assessment of Inland Spatial Accessibility of the Northeast Seaports. Advances in Earth Science, 2017, 32(5): 502-512.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2017.05.0502        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2017/V32/I5/502

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