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地球科学进展  2014, Vol. 29 Issue (4): 443-455    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2014.04.0443
学科发展与研究     
由地表过程向地表系统科学研究跨越的机遇与挑战
丁永建1, 张世强1, 2, 韩添丁1, 南卓铜3
1. 中国科学院寒区旱区环境与工程研究所冰冻圈科学国家重点实验室, 甘肃 兰州 730000;
2. 西北大学城市与环境学院, 陕西 西安 710069;
3. 中国科学院寒区旱区环境与工程研究所寒旱区遥感与信息资源实验室, 甘肃 兰州 730000
Opportunities and Challenges of Studies across Land Surface Processes to Land Surface System Sciences
Ding Yongjian1,Zhang Shiqiang1,2,Han Tianding1,Nan Zhuotong3
(1. State Key Laboratory of Cryosphere Science, Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000, China;
2. College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Northwest University, Xi’an 710069, China;
3. Laboratory of Remote Sensing and Geospatial Science, Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000, China
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摘要:

基于对地表过程研究目前存在的问题及对全球变化、地球系统科学和可持续发展研究的国际背景的分析, 认为“地表过程”由要素过程研究向系统化的“地表系统科学”研究过渡, 是未来地表过程研究的着力点。通过对地表系统科学研究的对象与目标、关注的关键科学问题、研究的时空尺度和研究的方法与手段等方面的分析, 讨论了地表系统科学研究的基本框架。数据监测与分析系统、模拟集成系统和决策支持系统构成地表系统科学研究的主线; 地表系统科学的核心目标是通过对地表过程的系统研究, 满足科学研究、决策分析者对不同时空尺度复杂地表过程认识的需要。不同时空尺度的耦合与转换、地表圈层与其他圈层的相互作用关系、系统视角下面向复杂问题的关键过程选择及人与自然的耦合机制是当前亟待解决的关键科学问题。地表系统科学研究应采用综合、集成的研究方法, 地表全要素监测、多源数据融合、过程模拟及结果分析融为一体的研究途径。

关键词: 人文过程地表过程自然过程地表系统科学    
Abstract:

Based on the analysis of the problems of land surface processes research and global change, and the international background of studies on the global climate change, earth system science, sustainable development research, we suggested that it be the right time for promoting studies on land surface system science to disciplinary systems, which also presents a rare opportunity. The current studies on land surface processes have many problems, such as systemic integration being not enough between different surface elements, there being no complete, systematic structural systems, the lack of a reasonable, effective integration methods and means on studies on land surface processes, and the studies on land surface processes not upgraded to discipline research level. Through the analysis of scientific research and theoretical understanding of the land surface system in China, and the international urgent scientific needs of scientific research on land surface systems, we suggested that studies on land surface processes transit from focusing on elements of the land surface process to the systematic land surface systems science, which is also the focal point of future studies on earth surface processes. On the basis of the above analysis, the object and targets, the key scientific issues, the spatial and temporal scales, and research methods and means of the studies on land surface system science were pointed out, and the basic framework of studies on land surface system science were discussed. Data monitoring and analysis system, simulation and integrated systems, and decision support systems constitute the main line of the land surface system science. The core objectives of the land surface system science are meeting the needs of complex decision analysis on different spatial and temporal scales on land surface processes of scientific research and decision-makers through the systemic studies on land surface processes. Coupling and conversing between different spatial and temporal scales, the interaction between land surface circle with other earth circles, the complex issues-oriented critical process selecting from the system perspective, and coupling mechanism of human and nature are key scientific issues on the studies on land surface system science. Definition and scale conversion of scientific research in spatial and temporal scales of the surface system. Land surface system science should include a comprehensive and integrated research on surface monitoring of total factor, multi-source data fusion, process analog and simulation, and results analysis.

Key words: Nature process    Land system processes    Land surface systems science    Human process
收稿日期: 2014-03-08 出版日期: 2014-04-10
:  P93  
基金资助:

国家自然科学基金重点项目“干旱区典型山区流域水量平衡观测试验与模拟研究”(编号:41030638); 国家自然科学基金创新群体项目“冰冻圈与全球变化”(编号:41121001)资助.

作者简介: 丁永建(1958-), 男, 甘肃天水人, 研究员, 主要从事气候变化, 寒区水文与环境研究.E-mail:dyj@lzb.ac.cn
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引用本文:

丁永建, 张世强, 韩添丁, 南卓铜. 由地表过程向地表系统科学研究跨越的机遇与挑战[J]. 地球科学进展, 2014, 29(4): 443-455.

Ding Yongjian, Zhang Shiqiang, Han Tianding, Nan Zhuotong. Opportunities and Challenges of Studies across Land Surface Processes to Land Surface System Sciences. Advances in Earth Science, 2014, 29(4): 443-455.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2014.04.0443        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2014/V29/I4/443

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[2] 冯仁国. 关于中国地理学发展的思考[J]. 地球科学进展, 2000, 15(4): 470-473.