Please wait a minute...
img img
高级检索
地球科学进展  2014, Vol. 29 Issue (3): 388-396    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2014.03.0388
全球变化研究     
京津冀区域大气霾污染研究意义、现状及展望
王跃思, 张军科, 王莉莉*, 胡波, 唐贵谦, 刘子锐, 孙扬, 吉东生
中国科学院大气物理研究所大气边界层物理与大气化学国家重点实验室, 北京 100029
Researching Significance, Status and Expectation of Haze in Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Region
Wang Yuesi, Zhang Junke, Wang Lili, Hu Bo, Tang Guiqian, Liu Zirui, Sun Yang, Ji Dongsheng
State Key Laboratory of Atmospheric Boundry Layer Physics and Atmospheric Chemistry, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100029, China
 全文: PDF(1125 KB)   HTML
摘要:

频发的霾污染是目前京津冀最严重的环境问题。如何协调区域经济合理快速发展与防止大气环境恶化,已经成为公众关注的焦点,也是各级政府亟待解决的问题之一。对国内外典型大气污染事件的产生及治理历程进行了简要回顾;结合我国当前霾污染问题产生的特殊性,分析了京津冀区域霾污染研究对经济和社会发展、气候和环境变化、人体健康和区域和谐发展的现实意义;阐述了京津冀霾污染现象频发的主要客观要素和内在原因,并分析了当前研究工作中的不足。最后,在全球气候变化的大背景下,推测了京津冀及东亚地区未来大气污染的发展趋势。

关键词: 霾污染大气环境PM2.5    
Abstract:

Haze has become a major environmental problem in Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei in China. How to prevent the environmental degradation without reducing the speed of economic development has attracted the attention of the public and most of scholars. A brief summary about the formation and the control process of atmospheric pollution in some developed countries is reviewed and the particularity of the atmospheric pollution problems in China is pointed out. The importance of regional haze research to the economic and social development, climate and environmental change, human health and the regional harmonious development is reviewed. The frequent haze in Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei is mainly determined by sources and the meteorological elements. Some questions for further research of haze pollution in Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei are proposed. Finally, the atmospheric pollution trends in Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei and East Asia is summarized from the perspective of global climate change.

Key words: Haze    Atmospheric environment    PM2.5
收稿日期: 2013-07-24 出版日期: 2014-03-10
:  P426.4  
基金资助:

中国科学院战略性先导科技专项“大气灰霾溯源”(编号:XDB05020000); 国家自然科学基金重点项目“京津冀城市群大气霾污染形成机制及调控原理研究”(编号:41230642)资助

通讯作者: 王莉莉(1982-),女,河南鹿邑人,助理研究员,主要从事大气环境、污染气象方面研究.     E-mail: wll@mail.iap.ac.cn
作者简介: 王跃思(1961-),男,北京人,研究员,主要从事大气化学与大气环境方面研究.E-mail:wys@mail.iap.ac.cn
服务  
把本文推荐给朋友
加入引用管理器
E-mail Alert
RSS
作者相关文章  
唐贵谦
胡波
王莉莉
吉东生
王跃思
刘子锐
张军科
孙扬

引用本文:

王跃思, 张军科, 王莉莉, 胡波, 唐贵谦, 刘子锐, 孙扬, 吉东生. 京津冀区域大气霾污染研究意义、现状及展望[J]. 地球科学进展, 2014, 29(3): 388-396.

Wang Yuesi, Zhang Junke, Wang Lili, Hu Bo, Tang Guiqian, Liu Zirui, Sun Yang, Ji Dongsheng. Researching Significance, Status and Expectation of Haze in Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Region. Advances in Earth Science, 2014, 29(3): 388-396.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2014.03.0388        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2014/V29/I3/388

[1] Wang Yuesi, Yao Li, Liu Zirui, et al. Formation of haze pollution in Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region and their control strategies[J]. Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences, 2013, 28(3): 353-363.[王跃思, 姚利, 刘子锐, 等. 京津冀大气霾污染及控制策略思考[J]. (中国科学院院刊), 2013, 28(3): 353-363.]
[2] Ma Shuqing. Distinction for haze and light fog[J]. Journal of Guangxi Meteorology, 2005, 26(3):61-62.[马树青. 霾和轻雾的判别[J]. (广西气象), 2005, 26(3): 61-62.]
[3] Xiao Xianghui. Distinction for light fog and haze[J]. Journal of Shaanxi Meteorology, 2006, (3): 17-18.[肖湘卉. 轻雾和霾的区别[J]. (陕西气象), 2006, (3): 17-18.]
[4] Munoz-Alpizar R, Blanchet J P, Quintanar A I. Application of the NARCM model to high-resolution aerosol simulations: Case study of Mexico city basin during the investigación sobre materia particuladay deterioro atmosfirico-aerosol and visibility research measurements campaign[J]. Journal of Geophysical Research, 2003, 108(D15), doi:10.1029/2002JD003074.
[5] Wu Dui. More discussions on the differences between haze and fog in city[J]. Guangdong Meteorology, 2006, (1): 9-13.[吴兑. 再论相对湿度对区别都市霾与雾(轻雾)的意义[J]. (广东气象), 2006, (1): 9-13.]
[6] Wu Dui, Bi Xueyan, Deng Xuejiao, et al. Study on the visibility reduction caused by atmospheric haze in Guangzhou area[J]. Journal of Tropical Meteorology, 2007, 23(1): 1-6.[吴兑, 毕雪岩, 邓雪娇, 等. 细粒子污染形成灰霾天气导致广州地区能见度下降[J]. (热带气象学报), 2007, 23(1): 1-6.]
[7] Wu Dui. Discussion on the distinction between haze and fog and analysis and processing of data[J]. Environmental Chemistry, 2008, 27(3): 327-330.[吴兑. 霾与雾的识别和资料分析处理[J]. (环境化学), 2008, 27(3): 327-330.]
[8] Li Jinjuan, Xiao Zhenghui, Yang Shushen, et al. Analysis of pollution characteristics of inhalable particulate matter in Beijing and a comparison with some other Olympic Games cities[J]. Environmental Science Trends, 2004, (3): 26-28.[李金娟, 肖正辉, 杨书申, 等. 北京和部分奥运城市可吸入颗粒物污染特征分析[J]. (环境科学动态), 2004, (3): 26-28.]
[9] Wang Jingli, Xie Zhuang, Zhang Yuanhang, et al. The research on the mass concentration characteristics of fine particles in Beijing[J]. Acta Meteorologica Sinca, 2004, 62(1):104-111.[王京丽, 谢庄, 张远航, 等. 北京市大气细粒子的质量浓度特征研究[J]. (气象学报), 2004, 62(1):104-111.]
[10] Sun Zhenquan, Shao Longyi, Huang Yuting, et al. Pollution characteristics of PM10 and PM2.5 in the atmosphere in Beijing[J]. Journal of Beijing Vocational & Technical Institute of Industry, 2006, 5(3): 29-34.[孙珍全, 邵龙义, 黄宇婷, 等. 北京市空气中 PM10 与 PM2.5 的污染水平状况研究[J]. (北京工业职业技术学院学报), 2006, 5(3): 29-34.]
[11] Stein D C, Swap R J, Greco S, et al. Haze layer characterization and associated meteorological controls along the eastern coastal region of southern Africa[J]. Journal of Geophysical Research, 2003, 108(D13), doi:10.1029/2002JD003237.
[12] Jiang Yin, Cao Chunyan. The climatic characteristic and the contributing factors of brownish haze in Shenzhen in 2003[J]. Guangdong Meteorology, 2004, (4): 14-15.[江崟, 曹春燕. 2003年深圳市灰霾气候特征及影响因素[J]. (广东气象), 2004, (4): 14-15.]
[13] Zhu Tong, Shang Jing, Zhao Defeng. The roles of heterogeneous chemical processes in the formation of an air pollution complex and gray haze[J]. Science in China (Series B), 2010, 40: 1 731-1 740.[朱彤, 尚静, 赵德峰. 大气复合污染及灰霾形成中非均相化学过程的作用[J]. (中国科学:B辑), 2010, 40: 1 731-1 740.]
[14] Ge X L, Zhang Q, Sun Y L, et al. Effect of aqueous-phase processing on aerosol chemistry and size distributions in Fresno, California, during wintertime[J]. Environmental Chemistry,2012, 9: 221-235, doi:10.1071/EN11168.
[15] Sun Y L, Wang Z F, Fu P Q,et al. The impact of relative humidity on aerosol composition and evolution processes during wintertime in Beijing, China[J]. Atmospheric Environment, 2013, 77: 927-934, doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2013.06.019.
[16] Pozzer A, Zimmermann P, Doering U M, et al. Effects of business-as-usual anthropogenic emissions on air quality[J]. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 2012, 12: 6 915-6 937, doi:10.5194/acp-12-6915-2012.
[17] Chameides W L, Yu H, Liu S C, et al. Case study of the effects of atmospheric aerosols and regional haze on agriculture: An opportunity to enhance crop yields in China through emission controls?[J]. PNAS, 1999, 96(24): 136 26-136 332.
[18] Pan Y P, Wang Y S, Tang G Q, et al. Spatial distribution and temporal variations of atmospheric sulfur deposition in Northern China: Insights into the potential acidification risks[J]. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 2013, 13: 1 675-1 688.
[19] Wu Dui. Haze Lead to the Increase of Lung Cancer[N]. Beijing Daily, 2009-07-12.[吴兑. 灰霾导致肺癌上升[N]. (北京日报)
[20] Chen Y Y, Ebenstein A, Greenstone M, et al. Evidence on the impact of sustained exposure to air pollution on life expectancy from China’s Huai River policy[J]. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 2013, dio: 10.1073/pnas.1300018110.
[21] Wang Y S, Ren X Y, Ji D S, et al. Characterization of volatile organic compounds in the urban area of Beijing from 2000 to 2007[J]. Journal of Environmental Science, 2012, 24(1): 95-101.
[22] Liu Q, Sun Y, Hu B, et al. In situ measurement of PM1 organic aerosol in Beijing winter using a high-resolution aerosol mass spectrometer[J]. Chinese Science Bulletin, 2012, 57(7): 819-826.
[23] Zhang J K, Sun Y, Liu Z R, et al. Characterization of submicron aerosols during a serious pollution month in Beijing (2013) using an aerodyne high-resolution aerosol mass spectrometer[J]. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussion, 2013, 13:19 009-19 049.
[24] Wang W X, Chai F H, Zhang K, et al. Study on ambient air quality in Beijing for the summer 2008 Olympic Games[J]. Air Quality Atmosphere & Health, 2008,(1)1:31-36.
[25] Gustafsson O, Krusa M, Zencak Z, et al. Brown clouds over South Asia: Biomass or fossil fuel combustion?[J]. Science, 2009, 323(5 913): 495-498.
[26] Luo Y F, Lu D R, Zhou X J, et al. Characteristics of the spatial distribution and yearly variation of aerosol optical depth over China in last 30 years[J]. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 2001,106(D13),doi:10.1029/2001/JD900030.
[27] Xu Q. Abrupt change of the mid-summer climate in central east China by the influence of atmospheric pollution[J]. Atmospheric Environment, 2001, 35(30): 5 029-5 040.
[28] Zhao C S, Tie X X, Lin Y P. A possible positive feedback of reduction of precipitation and increase in aerosols over eastern central China[J]. Geophysical Research Letters, 2006, doi:10.1029/2006GL025959.
[29] Gao Zhiqiu, Bian Lin’gen, Lu Changgui, et al. Estimation of aerodynamic parameters in urban areas[J]. Journal of Applied Meteorological Science, 2002, 13(Suppl.): 26-33.[高志球, 卞林根, 逯昌贵, 等. 城市下垫面空气动力学参数的估算[J]. (应用气象学报), 2002, 13(增刊): 26-33.]
[30] Li Qian, Liu Huizhi, Hu Fei, et al. The determination of the aero dynamical parameters over urban land surface[J]. Climatic and Environmental Research, 2003, 8(4): 443-450.[李倩, 刘辉志, 胡非, 等. 城市下垫面空气动力学参数的确定[J]. (气候与环境研究), 2003, 8(4): 443-450.]
[31] Jin Xin, Cheng Mengtian, Wen Tianxue, et al. The variation of water-soluble inorganic ions during a heavy pollution episode in winter, Beijing[J]. Environmental Chemistry, 2012, 31(6): 783-790.[金鑫, 程萌田, 温天雪, 等. 北京冬季一次重污染过程PM2.5中水溶性无机盐的变化特征[J]. (环境化学), 2012, 31(6): 783-790.]
[32] Tian Wei, Tang Guiqian, Wang Lili, et al. Muti-sites study of regional air pollution during a typical pollution process in autumn in Beijing[J]. Climatic and Environmental Research, 2013,18(5):595-606.[田伟, 唐贵谦, 王莉莉, 等. 北京秋季一次典型大气污染过程多站点分析[J]. (气候与环境研究), 2013, 18(5): 595-606.]
[33] Meng Z Y, Lin W L, Jiang X M, et al. Characteristics of atmospheric ammonia over Beijing, China[J]. Atmosperic Chemistry and Physics, 2011, 11(12): 6 139-6 151.
[1] 王的, 冯海艳, 景慧敏. 北京市冬季、春季PM10和PM2.5中元素地球化学特征[J]. 地球科学进展, 2017, 32(8): 850-858.
[2] 张惠远,饶胜,迟妍妍,金陶陶. 城市景观格局的大气环境效应研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2006, 21(10): 1025-1032.
[3] 黄荣辉. 大气科学发展的回顾与展望[J]. 地球科学进展, 2001, 16(5): 643-657.
[4] 付培健,王世红,林有恒. 大气环流模式中地面参数化的发展[J]. 地球科学进展, 1999, 14(1): 44-50.
[5] 余斌,黄荣辉. 热带内外地区相互作用研究[J]. 地球科学进展, 1995, 10(4): 360-366.