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地球科学进展  2013, Vol. 28 Issue (2): 233-242    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2013.02.0233
综述与评述     
有害藻华的预测技术和防灾减灾对策研究进展
王 丹1,刘桂梅1,何恩业1,李 津2
1.国家海洋环境预报中心,北京 100081;2.青岛大学化学化工与环境学院,山东 青岛 266071
Review on Prediction, Prevention and Mitigation of Harmful Algal Blooms
Wang Dan1, Liu Guimei1, He Enye1, Li Jin2
1.National Marine Environmental Forecasting Center, Beijing 100081, China;2.School of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, Qingdao University, Qingdao 266071, China
 全文: PDF(1171 KB)  
摘要:

有害藻华给海洋生物、海水养殖业、海洋环境和公共健康安全造成了极大的威胁,已经成为世界性的海洋环境灾害之一。近几十年,我国近海有害藻华的发生频率和发生规模不断扩大,给国家经济发展和公共医疗卫生造成了极大的经济损失和不利影响。主要介绍了国内外常用的有害藻华预测技术,并参考国内外有效的有害藻华防治措施,为我国有害藻华的防灾减灾工作提出建议。我国亟需逐步建立有害藻华综合预警报业务体系和完备的应急减灾体系,才能进一步提升有害藻华等海洋环境灾害的应对能力。

关键词: 有害藻华预警预测治理防灾减灾    
Abstract:

As one of the worldwide marine environmental disasters, Harmful Algal Blooms (HABs) pose a serious threat to marine organisms, commercial fisheries, marine coastal environments, and public health. Over the past few decades, the coastal waters in China have experienced an increase in the number and type of HAB events. The whole country suffered from more and more serious economic losses and human illness and death in the last decade because of HAB outbreak. In this study, several kinds of prediction methods were introduced. According to many measures on HAB control, several proper suggestions were proposed to promote HAB disaster prevention and mitigation in China. In order to improve the ability to respond to marine environmental disasters, operational HAB early warning and forecasting system and advanced emergent disaster mitigation system should be gradually established in China as soon as possible.

Key words: Harmful algal blooms    Early warning and forecasting    Control    Disaster prevention and mitigation
收稿日期: 2012-09-06 出版日期: 2013-02-10
ZTFLH:  P76  
基金资助:

国家自然科学基金项目“黄海冷水团海域水华生消关键过程的数值模拟研究”(编号:41206106)和“海洋过程及其资源和环境效应”(编号:41222038);国家高技术研究发展计划项目“赤潮预警预报、应急及损害评估技术”(编号:2007AA092003-01)资助.

作者简介: 王丹(1982-),女,山东青岛人,助理研究员,主要从事海洋生态学研究.E-mail:debbywang@nmefc.gov.cn
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引用本文:

王丹,刘桂梅,何恩业,李 津. 有害藻华的预测技术和防灾减灾对策研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2013, 28(2): 233-242.

Wang Dan, Liu Guimei, He Enye, Li Jin. Review on Prediction, Prevention and Mitigation of Harmful Algal Blooms. Advances in Earth Science, 2013, 28(2): 233-242.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2013.02.0233        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2013/V28/I2/233

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