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地球科学进展  2011, Vol. 26 Issue (6): 586-597    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2011.06.0586
综述与评述     
微生物席沉积学:一个年轻的沉积学分支
梅冥相
中国地质大学(北京)地球科学与资源学院,北京100083
Microbial-mat Sedimentology: A Young  Branch fron Sedimentology
Mei Mingxiang
School of Earth Science and Natural Resource, China University of Geosciences, Beijing100083, China
 全文: PDF(1521 KB)  
摘要:

现代实例和岩石记录的研究表明,微生物席是一个特别的微生物群落,这个特殊的微生物群落就像一个复杂的食物网一样,群落中的每一个组成成员紧密相互依赖,从而构成了地球上形成最早、延续时间最长的生态系。微生物席在沉积岩中留下了丰富而且复杂的记录,在碳酸盐岩中最为典型的产物就是叠层石,在碎屑岩中最具有代表性的产物就是“微生物诱发的沉积构造(MISS)”。对这些特殊沉积记录的长期研究和探索,产生了沉积学在地球生物框架下的一个年轻分支——“微生物席沉积学”;这个以微生物席为研究对象的年轻的沉积学分支,在研究地球早期生命演变、探索生物圈对水圈和大气圈的长时间影响,具有重要意义。若干的新概念和新思维,赋予这个年轻的沉积学分支强大的生命力,同时也代表了沉积学在近年来的一个重要进展之一。

关键词: 微生物席微生物席沉积学沉积学进展地球生物学    
Abstract:

Lots of studies on the microbial mat from the modern examples to the rock records show that the microbial mat is actually a complex microbial community. Just like a complex food web, microbial mats are communities of microorganisms in which each member depends and is depended on by others in the community. Importantly, this special microbial community forms abundant and sophisticated records in sedimentary rocks. For these records, the stromatolite is the typical represent of microbial mats in carbonate rocks, and the MISS (Microbial induced sedimentary structure) is the representative product that is related to microbial mats in siliclastic rocks. Longterm researches on these special records result in a young branch of sedimentology, i.e. “microbial-mat sedimentology” within the framework of geobiology, which plays a key role in the further studies of the evolution of the early life and in the further understanding of the evolutional rules of both the atmosphere and the hydrosphere in the earth. Lots of new concepts and thoughts have provided  this young branch of sedimentology with the powerful vitality, which marks an important advancement of sedimentology.

Key words: Geobiology    Microbial mat    Microbial-mat sedimentology    Advance     in sedimentology
收稿日期: 2010-11-01 出版日期: 2011-06-10
:  P539.1  
基金资助:

国家自然科学基金项目“燕山蓟县系旋回与事件及其相关沉积问题研究”(编号:40472065);中国石油化工股份有限公司海相前瞻性项目“中国北方元古代岩相古地理编图”(编号:C0800-07-ZS-164)资助.

通讯作者: 梅冥相     E-mail: meimingxiang@263.net
作者简介: 梅冥相(1965-),男,贵州仁怀人,教授,主要从事沉积学与地层学研究. E-mail:meimingxiang@263.net
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引用本文:

梅冥相. 微生物席沉积学:一个年轻的沉积学分支[J]. 地球科学进展, 2011, 26(6): 586-597.

Mei Mingxiang. Microbial-mat Sedimentology: A Young  Branch fron Sedimentology. Advances in Earth Science, 2011, 26(6): 586-597.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2011.06.0586        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2011/V26/I6/586

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