Please wait a minute...
img img
高级检索
地球科学进展  2008, Vol. 23 Issue (3): 221-227    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2008.03.0221
“土地利用/覆盖变化与综合减灾”专辑     
大洋碳循环与气候演变的热带驱动
翦知湣,金海燕
同济大学海洋地质国家重点实验室, 上海 200092
Ocean Carbon Cycle and Tropical Forcing of Climate Evolution
Jian Zhimin,Jin Haiyan
State Key Laboratory of Marine Geology, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092, China
 全文: PDF(91 KB)  
摘要:

20世纪气候演变研究的最大突破,在于地球轨道变化驱动冰期旋回的米兰柯维奇理论。然而近年来学术界对热带过程和大气CO2浓度变化的研究进展,暴露了传统的轨道驱动理论存在着对低纬区和碳循环在全球气候系统中作用估计不足的严重缺陷。国家重点基础研究发展计划项目“大洋碳循环与气候演变的热带驱动”拟以南海与西太平洋暖池的深海记录为依据,进行全球性对比和跨越地球圈层的探索,通过观测分析结果与数值模拟的结合、地质记录与现代过程的结合,检验和论证大洋碳储库长周期变化机制的假说,对于不同时间尺度上低纬过程如何通过碳循环在全球气候环境演变中的作用,实现理论上的突破。同时简要介绍了该项目的目的、科学意义、关键科学问题及预期目标等。

关键词: 气候演变理论大洋碳循环热带驱动全球季风西太平洋暖池    
Abstract:

Scientific forecasting of living environment change for the human society requires a proper understanding of the mechanism and the nature of climate-environment changes. Recent progresses in the studies of tropical process and atmospheric CO2 concentration further reveal the imperfection of the classical Milankovitch theory on the role of low latitude region and carbon cycle in the global climate system, although it has been widely applied to orbitaldriven glacial cycles. The new National Key Basic Research Science Foundation (973) project, entitled "Ocean Carbon Cycle and Tropical Forcing of Climate Evolution", is aimed to clarify and test the hypothesis about the long period of ocean carbon reservoir. This project will achieve global correlation and probe into the connection between different earth's spheres, based on the the deep sea records of the South China Sea and western Pacific warm pool. The results of observations will be combined with mathematic modeling to reveal the role of low latitude process in the global climate environment through carbon cycling on various time scales, contributing to international studies of the evolution of the climate system. This article briefly introduces the research purpose, science siginificance, key sciencfic questions and expected goals of the project.

Key words: Theory of climate evolution    Ocean carbon cycle    Tropical forcing    Global monsoon    Western Pacific warm pool
收稿日期: 2008-01-10 出版日期: 2008-03-10
:  P73  
基金资助:

国家重点基础研究发展计划项目“大洋碳循环与气候演变的热带驱动”(编号:2007CB51900)资助.

通讯作者: 翦知湣     E-mail: zjiank@online.sh.cn
作者简介: 翦知湣(1966-),男,湖南常德人,教授,主要从事古海洋学、微体古生物学研究.E-mail:zjiank@online.sh.cn
服务  
把本文推荐给朋友
加入引用管理器
E-mail Alert
RSS
作者相关文章  
翦知湣
金海燕

引用本文:

翦知湣,金海燕. 大洋碳循环与气候演变的热带驱动[J]. 地球科学进展, 2008, 23(3): 221-227.

Jian Zhimin,Jin Haiyan. Ocean Carbon Cycle and Tropical Forcing of Climate Evolution. Advances in Earth Science, 2008, 23(3): 221-227.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2008.03.0221        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2008/V23/I3/221

[1] Imbrie JBerger ABoyle E Aet al. On the structure and origin of major glaciation cycles2the 100 000-year cycle [J]. Paleoceanography19938: 699-735.

[2] Webster P J. The role of hydrological processes in ocean-atmosphere interaction [J]. Reviews of Geophysics199432: 427-476.

[3] Cole J EDunbar R BMcClanahan T Ret al. Tropical Pacific forcing of decadal SST variability in the Western Indian Ocean over the past two centuries [J]. Science2000287: 617-619.

[4] Lea D WPak D KSpero H J. Climate impact of late Quaternary equatorial Pacific sea surface temperature variations [J]. Science2000289: 1 719-1 724.

[5] Shackleton N J. The 100 000-year ice-age cycle identified and found to lag temperaturecarbon dioxideand orbital eccentricity [J]. Science2000289: 1 897-1 902.

[6] Tian JWang PCheng Xet al. Astronomically tuned Plio-Pleistocene benthic δ18O record from South China Sea and Atlantic-Pacific comparison [J]. Earth and Planetary Science Letters2002203: 1 015-1 029.

[7] Wang PTian JCheng Xet al. Major Pleistocene stages in a carbon perspective: The South China Sea record and its global comparison [J]. Paleoceanography200419doi: 10.1029/ 2003PA000991.

[8] Wang PinxianTian JunCheng Xinronget al. Exploring cyclic changes of the ocean carbon reservoir [J]. Chinese Science Bulletin20034823: 2 536-2 548. [汪品先,田军,成鑫荣,等. 探索大洋碳储库的演变周期[J]. 科学通报,20034821: 2 216-2 227.]

[9] Cramer B SWright J DKent D Vet al. Orbital climate forcing of δ13C excursions in the late Paleocene-early Eocenechrons C24n-C25n[J]. Paleoceanography2003184: 1 097doi: 10.1029/2003PA000909.

[10] Wade B SPälike H. Oligocene climate dynamics [J]. Paleoceanography200419: PA4019doi: 10.1029/2004PA001042.

[11] Holbourn AKuhnt WSchulz Met al. Impacts of orbital forcing and atmospheric carbon dioxide on Miocene ice-sheet expansion [J]. Nature2005438: 483-487.

[12] Pälike HNorris R DHerrle J Oet al. The heartbeat of the Oligocene climate system [J]. Nature2006314: 1 894-1 898.

[13] Wang PTian JCheng Xet al. Carbon reservoir change preceded major ice-sheet expansion at the Mid-Brunhes event [J]. Geology200331:239-242.

[14] Raymo M E. The timing of major climate terminations [J]. Paleoceanography199712: 577-585.

[15] Berger ALoutre M F. An exceptionally long interglacial ahead? [J]. Science2002297: 1 287-1 288.

[16] Kerr R A. The tropics return to the climate system [J]. Science2001292: 660-661.

[17] Wang PinxianJian ZhiminLiu Zhifei. Interactions between the earth spheres: Deep-sea processes and recordsII tropical forcing of climate changes and Carbon cycling [J]. Advances in Earth Science2006214: 338-345. [汪品先,翦知湣,刘志飞. 地球圈层相互作用中的深海过程和深海记录(II):气候变化的热带驱动与碳循环[J]. 地球科学进展,2006214: 338-345.]

[18] Kemp A E SPike JPearce R Bet al. The “Fall dump”—A new perspective on the role of a “shade flora” in the annual cycle of diatom production and export flux [J]. Deep-Sea Research II200047: 2 129-2 154.

[19] Kump L RArthur M A. Interpreting carbon-isotope excursions: Carbonate and organic matter [J]. Chemical Geology1999161: 181-198.

[20] Schmieder Fvon Dobeneck TBleil U. The Mid-Pleistocene climate transition as documented in the deep South Atlantic Ocean: Initiationinterimstate and terminal event [J]. Earth and Planetary Science Letters2000179: 539-549.

[21] Gingele F XSchmieder F. Anomalous South Atlantic lithologies confirm global scale of unusual mid-Pleistocene climate excursion [J]. Earth and Planetary Science Letters2001 186:93-101.

[22] Jiao NYang YKoshikawa Het al. Influence of hydrographic conditions on picoplankton distribution in the East China Sea [J]. Aquatic Microbial Ecology200230: 37-48.

[23] Schubert C JVillanueva JCalvert S Eet al. Stable phytoplankton community structure in the Arabian sea over the past 200000 years [J]. Nature1998394:563-566.

[24] Jiao N ZZhang YChen Y. Time series observation based infrared epifluorescence microscopic approachTIREM for accurate enumeration of bacteriochlorophyll containing microbes in marine environments [J]. Journal of Microbiological Methods2005633),doi:10.1016/ j.mimet.2005.09.002.

[25] Schouten SHopmans E CSchefuss Eet al. Distributional variations in marine crenarchaeotal membrane lipids: A new tool for reconstructing ancient sea water temperatures? [J]. Earth and Planetary Science Letters2002204265-274.

[26] Broecker W S. The great ocean conveyer [J]. Oceanography1991492: 79-89.

[27] Liu Dongsheng. Ocean Drilling Program and international significance of Chinese paleoceanographic study [J]. Chinese Science Bulletin20034821: 2 205. [刘东生. 大洋钻探与我国古海洋学研究的国际意义[J]. 科学通报,20034821: 2 205.]

[28] Wang PClemens SBeaufort Let al. Evolution and variability of the Asian Monson System: State of the art and outstanding issues [J]. Quaternary Science Reviews200524: 595-629.

 

[1] 张丽霞, 张文霞, 周天军, 吴波. ENSEMBLES耦合模式对全球陆地季风区夏季降水的年代际预测能力评估[J]. 地球科学进展, 2017, 32(4): 409-419.
[2] 郝青振, 张人禾, 汪品先, 王斌. 全球季风的多尺度演化[J]. 地球科学进展, 2016, 31(7): 689-699.
[3] 常凤鸣,李铁刚. 西太平洋暖池区古海洋学研究[J]. 地球科学进展, 2013, 28(8): 847-858.
[4] 林祥,钱维宏. 全球季风和季风边缘研究[J]. 地球科学进展, 2012, 27(1): 26-34.
[5] 汪品先,翦知湣,刘志飞. 地球圈层相互作用中的深海过程和深海记录(II):气候变化的热带驱动与碳循环[J]. 地球科学进展, 2006, 21(4): 338-345.
[6] 叶笃正,黄荣辉. 我国长江、黄河两流域旱涝规律成因与预测研究的进展、成果与问题[J]. 地球科学进展, 1991, 6(4): 24-29.