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地球科学进展  2004, Vol. 19 Issue (6): 896-902    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2004.06.0896
发展战略论坛     
气候资源的合理开发利用
温敏;张人禾;杨振斌
中国气象科学研究院,北京 100081
RATIONAL DEVELOPMENT AND UTILIZATION OF CLIMATE RESOURCES
WEN Min,ZHANG Ren-he,YANG Zhen-bin
Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences, Beijing  100081,China
 全文: PDF(67 KB)  
摘要:

气候资源是人类生产和生活不可缺少的自然资源,它的开发利用对于经济社会的可持续发展具有十分重要的意义。综合评述了我国主要气候资源的分布及利用现状,指出了其中存在的主要问题,并探讨了气候资源合理开发利用的发展目标:开展全国和重点区域气候资源普查、评估气候资源的承载能力,在此基础上根据社会发展和需求进行气候资源综合区划工作;建立我国气候资源监测评估体系,研究气候资源未来演化趋势及其对环境、生态和社会经济系统的影响;推广气候资源的开发利用技术,特别是对太阳能和风能等气候能源的利用。

关键词: 气候资源发展战略开发利用    
Abstract:

As the indispensable natural resources to the human production and living, climate resources and their development and utilization have most important significance to the economical society for sustainable development. In this paper, the status quo of climate resources and their utilization in China has been reviewed, with the major problems being pointed out. The development aims of rational exploitation have been discussed as follows: (1) Taking general and key regional censuses of climate resources, and evaluations of their carrying capacities; zoning the climate resources divisions based on the need of societal development. (2) Building the monitoring and evaluating systems of climate resources to study their evolution and impacts on the environment and societal economy. (3) Promoting the advanced and applicable technologies of climate resources, especially the utilization of solar and wind energy.

Key words:  Climate resources    Development strategy    Development and utilization.
收稿日期: 2004-08-25 出版日期: 2004-12-01
:  P46   
基金资助:

国家杰出青年科学基金项目“气候学”(编号:40225012)资助.

通讯作者: 温敏(1972-),女,湖北武汉人,在站博士后,主要从事东亚季风与气候变化研究.     E-mail: E-mail:wenmin@cams.cma.gov.cn
作者简介: 温敏(1972-),女,湖北武汉人,在站博士后,主要从事东亚季风与气候变化研究.E-mail:wenmin@cams.cma.gov.cn
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引用本文:

温敏;张人禾;杨振斌. 气候资源的合理开发利用[J]. 地球科学进展, 2004, 19(6): 896-902.

WEN Min,ZHANG Ren-he,YANG Zhen-bin. RATIONAL DEVELOPMENT AND UTILIZATION OF CLIMATE RESOURCES. Advances in Earth Science, 2004, 19(6): 896-902.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2004.06.0896        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2004/V19/I6/896

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