地球科学进展 ›› 2000, Vol. 15 ›› Issue (6): 734 -740. doi: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2000.06.0734

新科学新技术新方法 上一篇    下一篇

刘国祥 ,丁晓利 ,陈永奇 ,李志林 ,郑大伟 ①②
  1. ①香港理工大学土地测量及地理资讯学系;②中国科学院上海天文台,上海,200030
  • 收稿日期:2000-01-04 修回日期:2000-04-04 出版日期:2000-12-01
  • 通讯作者: 刘国祥(1968-),男,湖南临澧人,讲师(在读博士生),主要从事干涉雷达数据处理、地理信息系统(GIS)研究。


LIU Guo-xiang ,DING Xiao-li ,CHEN Yong-qi ,LI Zhi-lin ,ZHENG Da-wei ①②

  1. ①Dept.of Land Surveying and Geo-Informatics,Hong Kong Polytechnic University;②Shanghai Astronomical Observatory,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Shanghai 200030,China
  • Received:2000-01-04 Revised:2000-04-04 Online:2000-12-01 Published:2000-12-01


Synthetic Aperture Radar Interferometry (InSAR) is a new and potential technology that has been developed in the last decade or so for observation of the Earth. It can be used to generate large-area (even global) DEM or to detect Earth surface deformation by means of interferometric phase data and attitude data of the radar platform. In particular, Differential InSAR (D-InSAR) has been demonstrated to have unprecedented ability to measure and monitor Earth surface change with excellent characteristics of continuous spatial coverage and nearly automatic processing and high accuracy (up to cm-level or even better). This paper first introduces the basic principles of InSAR and D-InSAR, and summarizes the involved key processing algorithms of interferometric technology, including SAR images coregistration,
phase unwrapping and baseline estimationetc. Then, some factors, that affect the quality of interferometric products, are generally analyzed,i.e., phase quality and baseline parameters play very important roles on interferometric processes. Finally, emphasis is placed on reviewing D-InSAR applications in measuring and monitoring Earth surface deformations caused by earthquakes, post-seismic displacements, ground subsidence, landslides and volcanic movements.


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