Please wait a minute...
img img
Adv. Search
Advances in Earth Science  2017, Vol. 32 Issue (5): 513-523    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2017.05.0513
    
Rock Magnetism Study on Loess-Paleosol Sequence at Huixinggou Section of Sanmenxia Basin
Li Xingwen1, 2, Zhang Peng1, Qiang Xiaoke1, Ao Hong1
1.State Key Laboratory of Loess and Quaternary Geology, Institute of Earth Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xi’an 710061,China;
2.University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
Download:  HTML  PDF (5850KB) 
Export:  BibTeX | EndNote (RIS)      
Abstract  Rock magnetism is the foundation of paleomagnetism and environmental magnetism study, and is effective in identifying the components, grain size and content of magnetic minerals in rocks and sediments. A systematic rock magnetism investigation has been conducted on the Huixinggou loess-paleosol sequence at Shuigou-Huixinggou Paleolithic site of Sanmenxia Basin in the southeastern Loess Plateau. Results show that the magnetic assemblage of the section is dominated by magnetite and maghemite, as well as hematite, exhibiting the average grain size of magnetic minerals is attributed to Pseudo-Single Domain (PSD). The variation curves of magnetic parameters are consistent and well comparable to marine oxygen isotope curves, with low values corresponding to the loess deposition during glacial periods, and high values corresponding to the paleosol development during interglacial periods, jointly demonstrating the glacial-interglacial cyclicities of magnetic mineral types, composition, and grain size of Chinese loess-paleosol sequences under the influence of alternating strengthening and weakening of Eastern Asian paleomonsoon over the Quaternary period. Comprehensive analysis reveals that the relative content of high-coercivity antiferromagnetic minerals is higher in loess than in paleosol, whilst the absolute content of high-coercivity antiferromagnetic minerals in paleosol is generally higher than that in loess accompanying increasing intensity of pedogenesis. The mass-specific magnetic susceptibility (χ) shows distinctly positive correlations with anhysteretic susceptibility (χARM), Saturation Isothermal Remanent Magnetization (SIRM) and magnetic grain size dependent parameters (χARM/SIRM and χARM/χ), indicating that the pedogenic producing Single Domain (SD) and small PSD ferrimagnetic particles contribute significantly to the magnetic susceptibility enhancement.
Key words:  Rock magnetism      Paleoclimatic change.      Loess-Paleosol sequence      Shuigou-Huixinggou Paleolithic site      Magnetic parameters     
Received:  25 December 2016      Published:  20 May 2017
ZTFLH:  P318.4  
Fund: Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China “Investigation of geomagnetic excursion events in the Brunhes Chron recorded in the Chinese loess”(No.41572164); State Key Laboratory of Loess and Quaternary Geology “Evidence on the early human diffusion, migration and fusion at Fenwei Graben”(No.SKLLQG1502)
About author:  Li Xingwen (1987-), male, Jiaozuo City, He’nan Province, Ph.D student. Research areas include quaternary geology and paleolithic archaeology.E-mail:lixw@ieecas.cn
Service
E-mail this article
Add to my bookshelf
Add to citation manager
E-mail Alert
RSS
Articles by authors
Li Xingwen
Qiang Xiaoke
Ao Hong
Zhang Peng

Cite this article: 

Li Xingwen, Zhang Peng, Qiang Xiaoke, Ao Hong. Rock Magnetism Study on Loess-Paleosol Sequence at Huixinggou Section of Sanmenxia Basin. Advances in Earth Science, 2017, 32(5): 513-523.

URL: 

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/EN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2017.05.0513     OR     http://www.adearth.ac.cn/EN/Y2017/V32/I5/513

[1] Huang Weiwen. On a collection of Paleoliths from Sanmen area in Western Honan[J]. Vertebrate PalAsiatica , 1964, 8(2): 162-177.
. 古脊椎动物与古人类, 1964, 8(2): 162-177.]
[2] Huang Weiwen. Bifaces in China[J]. Acta Anthropologica Sinica , 1987, 6(1): 61-68.
. 人类学学报, 1987, 6(1): 61-68.]
[3] Huang Weiwen. On the typology of heavey-duty tools of the Lower Paleolithic from East and Southeast Asia—Comment on the Movius’s system[J]. Acta Anthropologica Sinica , 1993, 12(4): 297-304.
. 人类学学报, 1993, 12(4): 297-304.]
[4] Huang W W, Hou Y M, Seong H. The pebble-tool tradition in China[J]. Archaeology , Ethnology and Anthropology of Eurasia , 2005, 21(1): 2-15.
[5] Lin Shenglong. Cleavers in China[J]. Acta Anthropologica Sinica , 1992, 11 (3): 193-201.
. 人类学学报, 1992, 11(3): 193-201.]
[6] Li H, Li C R, Kuman K. Rethinking the “Acheulean” in East Asia: Evidence from recent investigations in the Danjiangkou Reservoir region, Central China[J]. Quaternary International , 2014, 347: 163-175,doi:10.1016/j.quaint.2014.03.059.
[7] Li X W, Ao H, Dekkers M J, et al . Early Pleistocene occurrence of Acheulian technology in North China[J]. Quaternary Science Reviews , 2017, 156: 12-22,doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2016.11.025.
[8] Zhao Zhizhong, Wu Xihao, Jiang Fuchu, et al . The loess stratigraphy in Sanmenxia area[J]. Journal of Geomechanics , 2000, 6(4): 19-26.
. 地质力学学报, 2000, 6(4): 19-26.]
[9] Zhao Zhizhong, Wang Shubing, Jiang Fuchu, et al . Time scale of loess in the Sanmenxia area[J]. Journal of Geomechanics , 2003, 9(4): 337-342.
. 地质力学学报, 2003, 9(4): 337-342.]
[10] Wang X S, Løvlie R, Yang Z Y, et al . Remagnetization of Quaternary eolian deposits: A case study from SE Chinese Loess Plateau[J]. Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems , 2005, 6(6): Q06H18, doi:10.1029/2004GC000901.
[11] Wang X S, Yang Z Y, Løvlie R, et al . Environmental magnetism and paleoclimatic interpretation of the Sanmenxia loess-paleosol sequence in the southeastern extremity of the Chinese Loess Plateau[J]. Chinese Science Bulletin , 2006, 51(22): 2 755-2 762.
[12] Dunlop D J, Özdemir Ö. Rock Magnetism: Fundamentals and Frontiers[M]. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1997.
[13] Feng Xingxiang. Neotectonics and seismic activities in the Sanmenxia Basin[J]. Journal of Henan Normal University ( Natural Sciences ), 1982, 1: 49-55.
. 河南师范大学学报:自然科学版, 1982, 1: 49-55.]
[14] Xie Fengchun, Jiang Zefan. The basic characteristics of the loess in western Henan Province[J]. Henan Geology , 1987, 5 (3): 42-48.
. 河南地质, 1987, 5 (3): 42-48.]
[15] Liu Tungsheng. Loess and the Environment[M]. Beijing: Science Press, 1985.
. 北京: 科学出版社, 1985.]
[16] An Zhisheng, Kukla G, Liu Tungsheng. Loess stratigraphy in Luochuan of China[J]. Quaternary Sciences , 1989, 9 (2): 155-168.
. 第四纪研究, 1989, 9(2): 155-168.]
[17] An Zhisheng, Wei Lanying. The fifth layer paleosol in the Lishi loess and their paleoclimatic significance[J]. Acta Pedologica Sinica , 1980, 17 (1): 1-12.
. 土壤学报, 1980, 17(1): 1-12.]
[18] Wang X Y, Lu H Y, Li Z, et al . Paleoclimatic significance of mineral magnetic properties of loess sediments in northern Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau[J]. Chinese Science Bulletin , 2003, 48(19): 2 126-2 133.
[19] Liu Q S, Deng C L, Yu Y, et al . Temperature dependence of magnetic susceptibility in an argon environment: Implications for pedogenesis of Chinese loess/palaeosols[J]. Geophysical Journal International , 2005, 161(1): 102-112.
[20] Fukuma K, Torri M. Variable shape of magnetic hysteresis loops in the Chinese loess-paleosol sequence[J]. Earth , Planets and Space , 1998, 50(1): 9-14.
[21] Roberts A P, Cui Y L, Verosub K L. Wasp-waisted hysteresis loops: Mineral magnetic characteristics and discrimination of components in mixed magnetic systems[J]. Journal of Geophysical Research , 1995, 100(17): 909-924.
[22] Day R, Fuller M, Schmidt V A. Hysteresis properties of titanomagnetites: Grain-size and compositional dependence[J]. Physics of the Earth & Planetary Interiors , 1977, 13(4): 260-267.
[23] Dunlop D J. Theory and application of the Day plot (Mrs/Ms versus Hcr/Hc) 1.Theoretical curves and tests using titanomagnetite data[J]. Journal of Geophysical Research , 2002, 107 (B3): 2 056,doi:10.1029/2001JB000486.
[24] Wu Y, Zhu Z Y, Qiu S F, et al . A rock magnetic record of Asian cooling and aridification processes during 1.95~0.40 Ma in the southeastern Chinese Loess Plateau[J]. Chinese Science Bulletin , 2013, 58(30): 3 636-3 644.
[25] Zhang Jiangyong, Wang Zhimin, Liao Zhiliang, et al . The relationship among magnetic susceptibility, grain size, anhysteretic remanent magnetization and clastic mineral abundance in core QD189 retrieved from abyssal plain of the South China Sea[J]. Advances in Earth Science , 2015, 30(9): 1 050-1 062.
. 地球科学进展, 2015, 30(9): 1 050-1 062.]
[26] Hou Zheng, Yu Changchun, Wu Yanwang, et al . Research of the rock magnetic susceptibility characteristics in southern Hotan region in Xinjiang[J]. Advances in Earth Science , 2016, 31(5): 481-493.
. 地球科学进展, 2016, 31(5): 481-493.]
[27] King J, Banerjee S K, Marvin J, et al . A comparison of different magnetic methods for determining the relative grain size of magnetite in natural materials: Some results from lake sediments[J]. Earth and Planetary Science Letters , 1982,59: 404-419.
[28] Wu Y, Zhu Z Y, Rao Z G, et al . Mid-Late Quaternary loess-paleosol sequence in Lantian’s Yushan, China: An environmental magnetism approach and its paleoclimatic significance[J]. Chinese Science Bulletin , 2010, 55(3): 1-12.
[29] Lisiecki L E, Raymo M E. A Pliocene-Pleistocene stack of 57 globally distributed benthic δ 18 O records[J]. Paleoceanography , 2005, 20: PA1003,doi:1010.1029/2004PA001071.
[30] Deng C L, Vidic N J, Verosub K L, et al . Mineral magnetic variation of the Jiaodao Chinese loess/paleosol sequence and its bearing on long-term climatic variability[J]. Journal of Geophysical Research , 2005, 110(B03): B03103,doi:10.1029/2004JB003451.
[31] Liu Q S, Torrent J, Maher B A, et al . Quantifying grain size distribution of pedogenic magnetic particles in Chinese loess and its significance for pedogenesis[J]. Journal of Geophysical Research , 2005, 110(B11): B11102,doi:10.1029/2005JB003726.
[32] Zhou L P, Oldfield F, Wintle A G, et al . Partly pedogenic origin of magnetic variations in Chinese loess[J]. Nature , 1990, 346(6 286): 737-739.
[33] Liu Q S, Jackson M J, Banerjee S K, et al . Mechanism of the magnetic susceptibility enhancements of the Chinese loess[J]. Journal of Geophysical Research , 2004, 109(B12): B12107,doi:10.1029/2004JB003249.
[34] Deng Chenglong, Liu Qingsong, Pan Yongxin, et al . Environmental magnetism of Chinese loess-paleosol sequences[J]. Quaternary Sciences , 2007, 27(2): 193-209.
. 第四纪研究, 2007, 27 (2): 193-209.]
[35] Heller F, Liu T S. Palaeoclimate and sedimentary history from magnetic susceptibility of loess in China[J]. Geophysical Research Letters , 1986, 13(11): 1 169-1 172.
[36] An Z S, Kukla G, Porter S C, et al . Magnetic susceptibility evidence of monsoon variation on the Loess Plateau of Central China during the last 130000 years[J]. Quaternary Research , 1991, 36(1): 29-36.
[37] Guo Zhengtang, Jiang Wenying, Lü Houyuan, et al . Pleistocene climate extremes in East Asia and their causes[J]. Earth Science Frontiers , 2002, 9(1): 113-120.
. 地学前缘, 2002, 9(1): 113-120.]
[38] An Z S, Kutzbach J E, Prell W L, et al . Evolution of Asian monsoons and phased uplift of the Himalaya-Tibetan Plateau since late Miocene times[J]. Nature , 2001, 411(6 833): 62-66.
[39] Jia Jia, Xia Dunsheng, Wei Haitao, et al . Magnetic properties of typical paleosol and loess stratum of western Loess Plateau and its signification to paleocliamte[J]. Journal of Lanzhou University ( Natural Sciences ), 2010, 46(6): 26-31.
. 兰州大学学报:自然科学版, 2010, 46(6): 26-31.]
[40] Lü Bin, Liu Xiuming, Zhao Guoyong, et al . Rock magnetic properties of Bole loess in Xinjiang and its environmental significance[J]. Journal of Lanzhou University ( Natural Sciences ), 2012, 48(5): 1-8.
. 兰州大学学报:自然科学版, 2012, 48(5): 1-8.]
[1] Zhao Wenjin, Zhu Min. THE STUDY OF EARLY VERTEBRATES IN YUNNAN, CHINA[J]. Advances in Earth Science, 2003, 18(6): 863 -869 .
[2] YANG Xiaoyan;XIA Zhengkai;CUI Zhijiu. APPLICATIONS OF QUATERNARY SCIENCES TO ENVIRONMENTAL ARCHAEOLOGY[J]. Advances in Earth Science, 2005, 20(2): 231 -239 .
[3] Li Mingtao,Sun Bainian,Xiao Liang,Ren Wenxiu,Li Xiangchuan,Dai Jing. Discovery of Betula mioluminifera Hu et Chaney from the Miocene in Eastern Zhejiang and Reconstruction of Palaeoclimate[J]. Advances in Earth Science, 2008, 23(6): 651 -658 .
[4] . [J]. Advances in Earth Science, 2002, 17(6): 926 -928 .
[5] . [J]. Advances in Earth Science, 2008, 23(8): 895 .
[6] TANG Xueyuan ,SUN Bo,LI Yuansheng,CUI Xiangbin,LI Xin. Some Recent Progress of Antarctic Ice Sheet Research[J]. Advances in Earth Science, 2009, 24(11): 1210 -1218 .
[7] XU Jian-qiao, SUN He-ping. ADVANCES IN THE STUDY ON THE EFFECTS OF THE EARTH'S FLUID OUTER CORE[J]. Advances in Earth Science, 2002, 17(5): 664 -669 .
[8] . [J]. Advances in Earth Science, 2003, 18(6): 831 -836 .
[9] Xu Xingkui. Climatic Effect of Atmospheric Thermodynamics over Land Surface from 1970-2000[J]. Advances in Earth Science, 2011, 26(1): 48 -56 .
[10] Yang Lifang,Li Guitong,Li Baoguo. Modeling and Application of Stable Carbon Isotope of Pedogenic Carbonate[J]. Advances in Earth Science, 2006, 21(9): 973 -981 .