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Advances in Earth Science  2017, Vol. 32 Issue (5): 513-523    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2017.05.0513
Rock Magnetism Study on Loess-Paleosol Sequence at Huixinggou Section of Sanmenxia Basin
Li Xingwen1, 2, Zhang Peng1, Qiang Xiaoke1, Ao Hong1
1.State Key Laboratory of Loess and Quaternary Geology, Institute of Earth Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xi’an 710061,China;
2.University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
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Abstract  Rock magnetism is the foundation of paleomagnetism and environmental magnetism study, and is effective in identifying the components, grain size and content of magnetic minerals in rocks and sediments. A systematic rock magnetism investigation has been conducted on the Huixinggou loess-paleosol sequence at Shuigou-Huixinggou Paleolithic site of Sanmenxia Basin in the southeastern Loess Plateau. Results show that the magnetic assemblage of the section is dominated by magnetite and maghemite, as well as hematite, exhibiting the average grain size of magnetic minerals is attributed to Pseudo-Single Domain (PSD). The variation curves of magnetic parameters are consistent and well comparable to marine oxygen isotope curves, with low values corresponding to the loess deposition during glacial periods, and high values corresponding to the paleosol development during interglacial periods, jointly demonstrating the glacial-interglacial cyclicities of magnetic mineral types, composition, and grain size of Chinese loess-paleosol sequences under the influence of alternating strengthening and weakening of Eastern Asian paleomonsoon over the Quaternary period. Comprehensive analysis reveals that the relative content of high-coercivity antiferromagnetic minerals is higher in loess than in paleosol, whilst the absolute content of high-coercivity antiferromagnetic minerals in paleosol is generally higher than that in loess accompanying increasing intensity of pedogenesis. The mass-specific magnetic susceptibility (χ) shows distinctly positive correlations with anhysteretic susceptibility (χARM), Saturation Isothermal Remanent Magnetization (SIRM) and magnetic grain size dependent parameters (χARM/SIRM and χARM/χ), indicating that the pedogenic producing Single Domain (SD) and small PSD ferrimagnetic particles contribute significantly to the magnetic susceptibility enhancement.
Key words:  Rock magnetism      Paleoclimatic change.      Loess-Paleosol sequence      Shuigou-Huixinggou Paleolithic site      Magnetic parameters     
Received:  25 December 2016      Published:  20 May 2017
ZTFLH:  P318.4  
Fund: Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China “Investigation of geomagnetic excursion events in the Brunhes Chron recorded in the Chinese loess”(No.41572164); State Key Laboratory of Loess and Quaternary Geology “Evidence on the early human diffusion, migration and fusion at Fenwei Graben”(No.SKLLQG1502)
About author:  Li Xingwen (1987-), male, Jiaozuo City, He’nan Province, Ph.D student. Research areas include quaternary geology and paleolithic
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Li Xingwen
Qiang Xiaoke
Ao Hong
Zhang Peng

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Li Xingwen, Zhang Peng, Qiang Xiaoke, Ao Hong. Rock Magnetism Study on Loess-Paleosol Sequence at Huixinggou Section of Sanmenxia Basin. Advances in Earth Science, 2017, 32(5): 513-523.

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