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Advances in Earth Science  1994, Vol. 9 Issue (3): 6-17    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.1994.03.0006
Fan Pu,Zhang Baisheng,Yu Xinke
Lanzhou Institute of Geology, Academia Sinica, Lanzhou  730000
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Organic matter and biomarkers from many recent salt-lake sediments in West China Have been investigated in the present paper by gas chromatography(GC), gas chromatography-mass spectrometry(GC/MS) multiple ion detection, Pyrolysis and isotope mass spectrometry. Particular emphasis has been placed on the geochemical characteristics of the saline sedimentary environment,the nature of organie matter and the early diagenesis on the basis of the general geochemistry characteristics of organic matter and compositions, distributions and molecular Parameters of various biomarkers. The results show that the carbon isotope composition(δ13C) in kerogen seems to have a certain relation ship with the salt-type of salt lakes; pristane/phytane(Pr/Ph) ratio, ∑tricyclic terpanes/∑terpanes(%), ∑pregnanes/∑steranes(%), gammacerane/αβ-hopane and the relative percentage of three fluorine series eompounds could be regarded as good indicators recognizing sedimentary environments of different salinities; the distribution of n-alkanes, the relative concentration of C27, C28 and C29 steranes and the occurrence of some typical biomarkers such as tricyclic diterpane can be used to determine the nature of organic matter. Additionally, we report here on m/z 217, m/z 231, m/z 245 and m/z 259 tri-aromatic steranes found in recent sediments from each salt lake and infer their possible origin.

Key words:  Biomarkers      Saltlake      Sediments.     
Received:  12 January 1994      Published:  01 May 1994
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Fan Pu,Zhang Baisheng,Yu Xinke. BIOMARKERS FROM RECENT SALT-LAKE SEDIMENTS. Advances in Earth Science, 1994, 9(3): 6-17.

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[1] Fan Pu, Wang Tieguan, Swai F M. Geochemical characteristics of crude oil and source beds in different continental facies of four oil-bearing basins in China. In: International Conference on Lacustrine Petroleum Source Roeks. London.1985.155.

[2] Fan Pu and Zhang Baisheng. Biomarker characteristics of nonmarine oils in China.Advances in organic Geochemistry, Org Geochem, 1987, 13(4/6):627-632.

[3] Fan Pu, Qian Yaorong, Zhang Baisheng. Characterisrics of biomarkers in the recent sediment from Qinghai Lake, Northwest China. Journal of Southeast Asian Sciences, Pergamon Press,1990,15(1-4).

[4] Fan Pu, R P Philp etal. Geochemical characteristics of aromatic hydrocarbons of crude oils and source rocks from different sedimentary environments. Advances in Organic Geochemistry, Org Geochem,1990,16(1-3):427-435.

[5] Fan Pu, Philp R P etal. Biomarker distribution in crude oils and source rocks from different sedimentary environment. Chem Geol, 1991, 93:61-78.

[6] Fan Pu, Li Jinggui etal. Biomarker and other hydrocarbons in Upper Sinian stromatolitic dolostones frorn Southwest China. Early Organic Evolution: Implications for Mineral and Energy Resources. Springverlag Berlin Heidelberg,1992.

[7] Fan Pu, Zhang Baisheng, WangYouxiao and Ying Guangguo. Petroleum Geochemistry of Talim Basin. Org Geochern, 1993, 20(4):499-509.

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