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Advances in Earth Science  2009, Vol. 24 Issue (7): 681-696    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2009.07.0681
Simultaneous Remote Sensing and Ground-based Experiment in the Heihe River Basin: Experiment of Forest Hydrology and Arid Region Hydrology in the Middle Reaches
Ma Mingguo1, Liu Qiang2, Yan Guangjian3, Chen Erxue4, Xiao Qing2, Su Peixi1, Hu Zeyong1, LI Xin1, Niu Zheng2, Wang Weizhen1, Qian Jinbo1, Song Yi1, Ding Songshuang1, Xin Xiaozhou2, Ren Huazhong3, Huang Chunlin1, Jin Rui1, Che Tao1, Chu Rongzhong1
1.Cold and Arid Region Environmental and Engineering Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences,Lanzhou 730000, China;
2.Institute of Remote Sensing Applications, Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100101, China;
3.State Key Laboratory of Remote Sensing Science, School of Geography, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China;
4.Institute of Forest Resources Information Research, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Beijing 100091, China
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The Watershed Allied Telemetry Experimental Research (WATER) is a simultaneous airborne, satellite-borne and ground based remote sensing experiment in the Heihe river basin, which is the second largest inland river basin in the arid region of northwest China. WATER consists of the cold region, forest, and arid region hydrological experiments and its field campaigns include two phases. The first phase is an intensive observation period lasting from March 7 to April 12 , 2008 for the cold region and the second phase is that from May 15 to July 22 for the forest and arid regions, 2008. The second step is introduced in this paper. The scientific objectives and research tasks are briefly reviewed. The airborne sensors include microwave radiometers at L, K and Ka bands, imaging spectrometer, thermal imager, CCD and LIDAR. Seventeen missions were performed with 72-hour flying time. Simultaneous observations were performed in the foci experimental areas which include Dayekou watershed, Pailugou watershed, Huazhaizi desert, Yingke oasis, Zhangye city, Linze grassland, Linze station transitional zone. The sampling protocol, data acquirement and preprocessing, research advance and prospects are introduced in detail for these airborne and ground simultaneous experiments. 

Key words:  WATER      Remote sensing      Forest hydrology      Arid region hydrology      Simultaneous experiment     
Received:  18 February 2009      Published:  10 July 2009
Corresponding Authors:  Mingguo Ma     E-mail:
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Ma Mingguo,Liu Qiang,Yan Guangjian,Chen Erxue,Xiao Qing,Su Peixi,Hu Zeyong. Simultaneous Remote Sensing and Ground-based Experiment in the Heihe River Basin: Experiment of Forest Hydrology and Arid Region Hydrology in the Middle Reaches. Advances in Earth Science, 2009, 24(7): 681-696.

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