Advances in Earth Science ›› 2019, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (6): 640-649. doi: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2019.06.0640

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China's Urbanization and Its Ecological Environment Challenges in the 21st Century

Guoyu Qiu 1( ),Xiaonan Zhang 1, 2( )   

  1. 1. School of Environment and Energy, Peking University, Shenzhen 518055, China
    2. Chinese Academy of Environmental Planning, Beijing 100012, China
  • Received:2019-01-04 Revised:2019-03-21 Online:2019-06-10 Published:2019-07-05
  • Contact: Xiaonan Zhang;
  • About author:Qiu Guoyu(1963-), male, Alxa League, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, Professor. Research areas include environmental and energy information, urban hydrology and water resources, eco-hydrology research. E-mail:
  • Supported by:
    Foundation item:Project supported by the Academic Development Strategy Research Project of the Academy of Sciences "China eco-hydrology subject development strategy"(NO. 2017DXA);Shenzhen Basic Research Program "Flying intelligent environmental monitoring robot research"(NO. JCYJ20180504165440088)

Guoyu Qiu,Xiaonan Zhang. China's Urbanization and Its Ecological Environment Challenges in the 21st Century[J]. Advances in Earth Science, 2019, 34(6): 640-649.

Urbanization is a worldwide historical process. Although China's urbanization started late, it is fast, large in scale, high in resource and energy consumption, and leads to a series of water and thermal environment problems. This paper systematically sorted out the ecological environment challenges faced by Chinese cities under the dual pressures of global climate change and urbanization, such as water shortages and water pollution, increasingly serious urban heat island issues and ecological hydrological disasters. It proposed to solve the problem of urban ecological environment with the theory and means of urban ecohydrology, improve the quality of urbanization in China, and realize livable cities.

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