Advances in Earth Science ›› 2018, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (1): 66-74. doi: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2018.01.0066

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Current Status and Advance of Tidal-Bore Deposit Study

Jiangyan Liu 1( ), Changmin Zhang 1, Taiju Yin 1, Rui Zhu 1, Guowei Hou 2   

  1. 1. College of Geosciences, Yangtze University, Wuhan 430100,China
    2. Research Institute of Shanghai Branch, China National Offshore Oil Corp, Shanghai 200050,China
  • Received:2017-09-18 Revised:2017-11-07 Online:2018-01-10 Published:2018-03-06
  • About author:

    First author:Liu Jiangyan(1988-),female,Lingbao City, He’nan Province,Ph.D student. Research areas include reservoir

  • Supported by:
    Project supported by the National Major Science and Technology Project “Sedimentation mechanism and geology prediction technique of advantage reservior in deep zone” (No.2016ZX05027-002-007);The National Natural Science Foundation of China“Tidal dseposits and tidal vyclicities in oligocene & miocene River Mouth Basin”(No.41302096)

Jiangyan Liu, Changmin Zhang, Taiju Yin, Rui Zhu, Guowei Hou. Current Status and Advance of Tidal-Bore Deposit Study[J]. Advances in Earth Science, 2018, 33(1): 66-74.

Tidal bore is hydraulic jump during the process of tide flooding with the tide wave moving upstream. They are widely distributed in the estuary zone with high tidal range and funnel-shaped planeform. Tidal bore deposit study is important for further understanding about paleogeomorphology, paleoenvironment, paleoclimate of areas near the estuaries, and sandbody formed by tidal bore deposit could be potential oil and gas reservoir. Researches about tidal bore have been always concentrated on hydraulic characteristics of tidal bore and its influences on estuary environment and engineering, while the study on tidal bore deposit is rarely reported. One of the most important causes is the complex hydrodynamic conditions in the estuary zone. Deposits characteristics is complicated in this zone due to comprehensive effects of river flow, waves and tides. It is hard to affirm the preservation probability of tidal bore deposits, especially in the ancient rock record. In view of this, current status and forecast about tidal-bore deposit study were expounded in this study based on comprehensive summary and discussion about typical tidal bore deposit data and reports. Criteria for recognition of tidal-bore deposits were described in detail on the aspects of sedimentary structures, grain size distribution, and facies model. One of the most critical diagnostic marks of tidal bore was a special undulating erosion surface with a series of irregular and stepped excavations on it. This surface was formed by cyclic pressure loading induced by the passage of a tidal bore. In addition, the cross-bedding inclined upstream, soft sediment deformation structures and massive sandstone on the erosion surface were also important marks of a tidal bore deposit. Problems existing in current research were discussed and some suggestions were proposed. Various methods and technology should be used to perfect tidal bore facies model, and research on diagenesis and reservoir features of sandbody formed by tidal bore should be strengthened in the future. Sandbody formed by tidal bore of different types (breaking tidal bore and undular tidal bore) should be distinguished to deepen the understanding of their various hydrodynamic conditions and reservoir scale. Tidal bore is significant geological process in estuary zone, and deposits formed by it makes great influence on the geomorphology of this area, which should be paid more attention.

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