Advances in Earth Science ›› 2014, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (4): 431-437. doi: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2014.04.0431

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Advances in Synthetic Research on the Eco-hydrological Process of the Heihe River Basin

Cheng Guodong 1,2,Xiao Honglang 2,Fu Bojie 3,Xiao Duning 4,Zheng Chunmiao 5,#br# Kang Shaozhong 6,Yan Xiaodong 7,Wang Yi 8,An Lizhe 9,Li Xiubin 10, Chen Yiyu 1, Leng Shuying 1,Wang Yanhui 11,Yang Dawen 12,Li Xiaoyan 7,Zhang Ganlin 13, Zheng Yuanrun 14,Liu Qinhuo 15, Zou Songbing 2   

  1. 1. National Natural Science Foundation of China, Beijing 100085, China;
    2. Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000, China;
    3. Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100085, China;
    4. Institute of Applied Ecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang 110016, China;5. Peking University, Beijing 100871, China;
    6. China Agricultural University, Beijing 100083, China;
    7. Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China;
    8. Institute of Policy and Management, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China;
    9. Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000, China;10. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China;
    11. Chinese Academy of Forestry, Beijing 100091, China;
    12. Tsinghua University, Beijing 100083, China;13. Institute of Soil Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, China;14. Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100093, China;
    15. Institute of Remote Sensing and Digital Earth, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2014-03-11 Online:2014-04-10 Published:2014-04-10

Cheng Guodong, Xiao Honglang, Fu Bojie, Xiao Duning, Zheng Chunmiao, Kang Shaozhong, Yan Xiaodong, Wang Yi, An Lizhe, Li Xiubin, Chen Yiyu, Leng Shuying, Wang Yanhui, Yang Dawen, Li Xiaoyan, Zhang Ganlin, Zheng Yuanrun, Liu Qinhuo, Zou Songbing. Advances in Synthetic Research on the Eco-hydrological Process of the Heihe River Basin[J]. Advances in Earth Science, 2014, 29(4): 431-437.

The National Natural Science Foundation of China has launched a major research program entitled “Integrated Study of Eco-hydrological Processes in the Heihe River Basin” (referred to as “Heihe River Program”). It is grounded on the principles of the earth system science, and intended to explore the theory and methods of improving the water use efficiency in the inland river basins of China affected by severe water shortage and ecological deterioration problems. Since the implementation of the Heihe River Program for the past four years, we have established a basin-wide eco-hydrological observation system integrating remote sensing, monitoring and experimentation; developed a comprehensive database and information system; revealed the important coupling mechanism of eco-hydrological processes including glaciers, forests and oases; gained basic understanding of the system characteristics of eco-hydrological units which serve as the basis for computing the basin water cycle and water balance; and quantified the ecological water demand in the lower reaches of the Heihe River as the important constraints for optimal water resources management in the Heihe River Basin. In the next few years, we will integrate comprehensive watershed models supported by high-resolution spatio-temporal data of air, water, biota and economics towards the goal of playing a world-leading role in river science.

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