This paper summarizes some common agrometeorological disasters in Northern China: drought, dryhot wind, cold damage and frost injury. In view of these four types of disasters, we classify and describe their indexes. Among them, the introduction of drought indexes are more detailed and comprehensive. The drought indexes are divided into five categories that are monitoring, defense, economic losses, the level of socioeconomic development and the progress of science & technology from different angles, which are described respectively. For cold damage, at present, the delayed-type of cold damage mainly has six types, and this paper introduces only five types, with a brief description of the most common types of cold damage indexes. Frost effects on crops are not only associated with the intensity and duration of frost but also with different crop types. Therefore, frost indexes of different crops are not the same, and the indexes of frost are mostly given a specific criterion for different crops; Dry hot wind is the most serious impact on wheat in North China. This paper summarizes the indexes of dry-hot wind from the four meteorological, discriminant, hazard and defense aspects. These four types of meteorological disasters occur frequently in northern China, particularly causing severe impact on the local agricultural production. This paper summarizes the advantages and disadvantages of different indexes, and puts forward some problems and improvement direction of the disaster indexes. At the same time, we try to lay a foundation for the formation of the northern region index system of agro-meteorological disasters, and provide a foundation in disasters supervision and assessment as well as supply a reference for preventing and mitigating the disasters.