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Advances in Earth Science  2012, Vol. 27 Issue (9): 993-1005    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2012.09.0993
Introduction of Eco-hydrological Wireless Sensor Network in the Heihe River Basin
Jin Rui1, Li Xin1, Yan Baoping2, Luo Wanming2, Li Xiuhong3, Guo Jianwen1, Ma Mingguo1, Kang Jian1, Zhang Yanlin1
1.Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000, China;2.Computer Network Information Center, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China;3. Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
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This paper gives an introduction about the ecohydrological wireless sensor network in the Heihe River Basin, including its background, observation objective, node type definition, data transfer mode, and the optimal spatial sampling strategy. All kinds of meteorological, hydrological and ecological observation sites distributed in both the Babaohe River Basin in the upstream and the Daman/Yingke irrigation districts in the middle stream of the Heihe River basin are integrated and communicated to the data center through the wireless transferring technique. An automatic, intelligent, and remotecontrollable ecohydrological wireless sensor network is established. Meanwhile, relevant researches about optimal spatial sampling strategy of the wireless sensor network nodes have been carried out to capture the spatialtemporal dynamics and spatial variations of the key ecohydrological parameters in the heterogeneity land or at remote sensing pixel scale. As a result, it is anticipated to improve the integrated, standardized and automated observation capability for the hydrological and ecological processes research at the basin scale.

Key words:  Wireless sensor network      Heihe River Basin      Eco-hydrology process      Validation of remote sensing retrievals.     
Received:  08 May 2012      Published:  10 September 2012
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Jin Rui, Li Xin, Yan Baoping, Luo Wanming, Li Xiuhong, Guo Jianwen, et al. Introduction of Eco-hydrological Wireless Sensor Network in the Heihe River Basin. Advances in Earth Science, 2012, 27(9): 993-1005.

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