Please wait a minute...
img img
Adv. Search
Advances in Earth Science  2011, Vol. 26 Issue (6): 575-586    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2011.06.0575
Advances in Observation and Modeling of Land Surface Processes Over the Source Region of the Yellow River
Wen Jun1, Lan Yongchao1, Su Zhongbo2, Tian Hui1,Shi Xiaokang1,  Zhang Yu1, Wang Xin1, Liu Rong1, Zhang Tangtang1, Kang Yue1, Lü Shaoning1, Zhang Jinghui1
1.Key Laboratory of Land Surface Process and Climate Change in Cold and Arid Regions,Cold and Arid Regions 
Environmental and Engineering Research Institute,  Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou730000, China;
2.Faculty of Geo-Information Science and Earth Observation, University of Twente 7500 AA Enschede, The Netherlands
Download:  PDF (35864KB) 
Export:  BibTeX | EndNote (RIS)      

The land surface process has significant impact  on the variation of water resource in the source region of the Yellow River, exploring the links between the land surface process and water cycle is significant in this region. In this paper, the preliminary characteristics of the background climatology and land surface process  over the source region of the Yellow River are presented. The research topics and and advances of the land surface process field experiments conducted in  the source region of the Yellow River are detailed, and the preliminary results from the data analysis, satellite remote sensing, data assimilation and numerical simulations are provided. And finally, the shortages and aspects which need to be improved are also pointed out. The proposed land surface process observations are prospected. The final objectives of these investigations are to explore the links and interactions between land surface process and water resource. These researches are to serve for the large scale water resource management in the source region of the Yellow River.

Key words:  The source region of the Yellow River      Land surface process      Water cycle      Numerical model      Satellite remote sensing.     
Received:  22 July 2010      Published:  10 June 2011
E-mail this article
Add to my bookshelf
Add to citation manager
E-mail Alert
Articles by authors

Cite this article: 

Wen Jun, Lan Yongchao, Su Zhongbo, Tian Hui,Shi Xiaokang, Zhang Yu,Wang Xin. Advances in Observation and Modeling of Land Surface Processes Over the Source Region of the Yellow River. Advances in Earth Science, 2011, 26(6): 575-586.

URL:     OR

[1]Niu Yuguo, Zhang Xuecheng. Preliminary analysis on variations of hydrologic and water resources regime and its genesis of the Yellow River source region[J].Yellow River, 2005, 27(3):31-37.[牛玉国,张学成. 黄河源区水文水资源情势变化及其成因分析[J]. 人民黄河,2005, 27(3): 31-37.]
[2]Jin Huijun, Wang Shaoling, Lü Lanzhi, et al. Features and degradation of frozen ground in the sources area of the Yellow River[J].Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology, 2010, 32(1):10-17.[金会军,王绍令,吕兰芝,等. 黄河源区冻土特征及退化趋势[J]. 冰川冻土,2010,32(1): 10-17.]
[3]Zhang Senqi, Wang Yonggui, Zhao Yongzhen,et al. Permafrost degradation and its environmental sequent in the source regions of the Yellow River
[J].Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology, 2004, 26(1):1-6.[张森崎,王永贵,赵永真,等. 黄河源区多年冻土退化及其环境反映[J]. 冰川冻土,2004,26(1): 1-6.]
[4]Dickinson R E. A regional climate model for the western United States[J].Climate Change,1989,15(1): 383-422.
[5]Dickinson R E. Land-atmosphere interaction, U.S. National report to International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics 1991-1994[J].Reviews of Geophysics,1995, (Suppl.): 917-922. 
[6]Gleick P H. Climate change, hydrology and water resource[J].Reviews of Geophysics,1989, 27(3): 329-344.
[7]Leung L R, Ghan S J, Zhao Z C, et al. Intercomparison of regional climate simulations of the 1991 summer monsoon in eastern Asia[J].Journal of Geophysical Research, 1991, 104(D6): 6 425-6 454.
[8]Chen Yiyu. Future research trends of IGBP[J].Advances in Earth Science,2001,16(1): 15-18.[陈宜瑜. IGBP未来发展方向[J]. 地球科学进展,2001,16(1): 15-18.]
[9]Xie Changwei, Ding Yongjian, Liu Shiyin,et al. Comparison analysis of runoff change in the source regions of the Yangtze and Yellow Rivers[J].Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology, 2003, 25(4): 414-422.[谢昌卫,丁永建,刘时银,等. 长江黄河源寒区径流时空变化特征对比[J]. 冰川冻土,2003,25(4): 414-422.]

[10]Liu Yuanpu, Lü Shihua, Li Suosuo, et al. Numerical simulation of impact of land surface changes on regional climatic environment in source regions of Yellow River[J].Plateau Meteorology, 28(2):327-334.[柳媛普,吕世华,李锁锁,等. 黄河源区草地退化对局地气候环境影响的数值模拟[J]. 高原气象,2009,28(2): 327-334.]
[11]Zhu Deqin. Numerical Simulation of the Land-surface Process Over Arid/Semi-arid Area and Its Impact on Regional Climate[D]. Beijing: Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences,2007.[朱德琴. 中国干旱/半干旱区陆面过程及其区域气候影响的数值模拟研究[D]. 北京:中国科学院大气物理研究所,2007.]
[12]Wang Chenghai, Shi Rui, Zuo Hongchao. Analysis on simulation of characteristics of land surface in western QinghaiXizang Plateau during frozen and thawing[J].Plateau Meteorology, 2007, 29(1): 73-81.[王澄海,师锐,左洪超. 青藏高原西部陆面过程特征的模拟分析[J]. 冰川冻土,2007,29(1): 73-81.]
[13]Zhang Qiang, Wang Sheng, Zhang Jie,et al. The progresses on land surface processes and atmospheric boundary layer in arid regions[J].Advances in Earth Science, 2009,11:1 185-1 194.[张强,王胜,张杰,等.干旱区陆面过程和大气边界层研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展,2009,11:1 185-1 194.]
[14]Zhang Yu, Lü Shihua. Development and validation of a simple frozen soil parameterization scheme used for climate model[J].Chinese Journal of Advances  Atmospherc Science,2002, 19(3):513-527.
[15]Lin Zhaohui, Yang Xiaosong, Guo Yufu. Sensitivity of land surface model to the initial condition of soil moisture[J].Climatic and Environmental Research, 2001,6(2):240-248.[林朝晖,杨小松,郭裕福. 陆面过程模式对土壤含水量初值的敏感性研究[J].气候与环境研究,2001,6(2):240-248.]
[16]Lan Yongchao, Wen Jun, Zhao Guohui,et al. Sensibility analysis of the runoff in the Headwater Regions of the Yellow River to climate change
[J].Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology,2010, 32(1):175-182.[蓝永超,文军,赵国辉,等. 黄河河源区径流对气候变化的敏感性分析[J].冰川冻土,2010,32(1): 175-182.]
[17]Wen J, Su Z B. The estimation of soil moisture from ERS wind scatterometer data over the Tibetan Plateau[J].Physics and Chemistry of the Earth,2003, 28: 53-61.
[18]Wen J,  Su Z B. Determination of land surface temperature and soil moisture from Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission/Microwave Imager remote sensing data[J].Journal of Geophysical research,2003, 108(D2): 4 038-4 047.
[19]Liu R, Wen J, Wang X,et al. Actual daily evapotranspiration estimated from MERIS and AATSR data over the Chinese Loess Plateau[J].Hydrology Earth System Sciences,2010,14: 47-58.
[20]Zhang T T, Wen J, Su Z B,et al. Soil moisture mapping over Chinese Loess Plateau using ENVISAT/ASAR data [J].Advances in Space Research,2009, doi:10.1016/j.asr.2008.10.030.
[21]Ao Yinhuan, Lü Shihua, Li Suosuo,et al. The energy budget and microclimate over the upper Yellow River in summer fine days[J].Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology,2008, 30(3): 425-432.[奥银焕,吕世华,李锁锁,等. 黄河上游夏季晴天地表辐射和能量平衡及小气候特征[J]. 冰川冻土,2008,30(3): 425-432.]
[22]Wang Jiemin, Wang Weizhen, Liu Shaomin,et al. The problems of surface energy balance closure—An overview and case study
[J].Advances in Earth Science,2009, 24(7): 705-713.[王介民,王维真,刘绍民,等. 近地层能量平衡闭合问题综述及个例分析[J].地球科学进展,2009,24(7): 705-713.]
[23]Li Suosuo, Lü Shihua, Ao Yinhuan,et al. Determination of the aerodynamic coefficient and its applications in upper Yellow River[J].Plateau Meteorology,2010,29(6):1 048-1 413.[李锁锁,吕世华,奥银焕,等. 黄河上游玛曲地区空气动力学参数的确定及其在陆面过程模式中的应用[J]. 高原气象,2010,29(6):1 048-1 413.]
[24]Lan Yongchao, Wen Jun, Shen Yongping. Possible change on the runoff in the upper Yellow River Basin under global climate change[J].Sciences in Cold and Arid Region,2009,1(2): 157-164.
[25]Tian Hui, Wen Jun, Shi Xiaokang,et al. Summer soil moisture estimation by active microwave remote sensing in maqu area at the upper reaches of Yellow River Basin[J].Advances in Water Sciences, 2011,22(1):59-65.[田辉,文军,史小康,等.主动微波遥感黄河上游玛曲地区夏季土壤水分[J].水科学进展,2011,22(1):59-65.]
[26]Kang Yue,Li  Zhenchao,Tian Hui,et al. The trend of vegetation evaluation and its responses to climate change over the water source region of Yellow River[J].Climatic and Environmental Research, in press.[康悦,李振朝,田辉,等.黄河源区植被变化趋势及其对气候变化的响应过程研究
[27]Sud Y C, Fennessy M. A study of the influence of surface albedo on July circulation in semi-arid regions using the CLAS GCM[J].Journal of Climate,1982, 2(2): 105-125.
[28]Laval K, Picon L. Effect of a change of the surface albedo of the Sahel on climate[J].Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences,1986, 43(21): 2 418-2 429.
[29]Wang Genxu, Ding Yongjian, Wang Jian,et al. Land ecological change and evolutional patters in the source region of the Yangtze and Yellow Rivers in recent 15 years[J].Acta Geographica Sinica,2004, 59(2): 163-173.[王根绪,丁永建,王建,等.近15年来长江黄河源区的土地覆被变化[J]. 地理学报, 2004, 59(2): 163-173.]
[30]Qian J, Wang G X, Ding Y J,et al. The land ecological evolutional patterns in the source areas of the Yangtze and Yellow Rivers in the past 15 years, China[J].Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 2006,116(1/3): 137-156.
[31]Yan Fenghua, Jin Yaqiu. Statistics of the average distance of polarization index derived from data of spaceborne microwave remote sensing and soil moisture mapping[J].Chinese Journal of Radio Science,2004,19(4): 386-392.[颜锋华, 金亚秋. 星载微波辐射遥感的极化指数距平统计与土壤湿度分布
[J]. 电波科学学报, 2004, 19(4): 386-392.]
[32]Shi Xiaokang, Wen Jun, Tian Hui,et al. Application of MODIS albedo data on the simulation of land surface and rainfall processes over the Yellow River water source region[J].Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences, 2009,33(6):1 187-1 200.[史小康, 文军, 田辉,等.MODIS反照率产品在模拟黄河源区陆面过程和降水中的应用[J]. 大气科学, 2009,33(6): 1 187-1 200.]
[33]Shi X K, Wen J, Liu J W,et al. Application and improvement of an adaptive ensemble Kalman filter for soil moisture data assimilation[J].Science China (Series D), 2010, 53(11): 1 700-1 708.
[34]Shi X K, Wen J, Wang L,et al. Regional soil moisture retrievals and simulations from assimilation of satellite microwave brightness temperature observations[J].Environmental Earth Sciences,2010, 61: 1 289-1 299.
[35]Zhang Jinghui. Numerical Simulation of Fractional Vegetation Cover Influences on Climate Change in the Source Water Region of the Yellow River
[D].Lanzhou: Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences,2010.[张静辉. 黄河源区植被覆盖度对气候变化影响的数值模拟研究[D]. 兰州: 中国科学院寒区旱区环境与工程研究所, 2010.]

No Suggested Reading articles found!