Kyrgyz Republic lies in the core of central Asia, with mountains everywhere and glaciers forming and melting widely. It is rich in water resources in Kyrgyzstan, which is called “water towers” and controls water resources life-line of the five central Asia countries. There is large potential and strong desire for economic growth and social development in Kyrgyzstan. It is positive to analyze the water development and utilization of Kyrgyzstan for seeking a right way to solve the central Asia water resource problems. Firstly, the paper introduces its physical geography and conditions related to water resource generation, such as climate, topography and geomorphology, glacier and snowmelt and puts forward the total quantity of water resources in Kyrgyzstan. Secondly, on the basis of describing its social-economy variations since its independence, it analyzes the main water resource development projects, hydropower and variations of water usage. Finally, it discuses the main results and problems in the process.