There are a large number of survived glaciers on the High Asia which are the most important freshwater resource for the arid regions in the High Asia. Different glacier systems have different characteristics in mass balance and responses to the global warming as they exist in different environment in the High Asia. Therefore it is necessary to divide and subdivide the grade of glacier systems, analyze their structure and mass balance characteristics, and predict their responding process to climate warming using the theories and methods of glacier system. This paper summarized the researches about glaciers on the High Asia both at home and abroad and pointed out the advantages and disadvantages of them. Then, five sections about the glacier system in the High Asia, i.e., glacier system's grade division, climate and topographical setting, structure characteristics, mass balance characteristics, responding to climate warming and glacier-induced hazards and its influences to environment, are prospected respectively in this paper. As a result, this paper concludes that the grades of glacier systems in High Asia should be firstly divided and sub-divided according to the climate and topographical setting; then, the variation trends of each glacier system is to be modeled, and the utilization programming of glacier resources and prevention measures of glacierrelated hazards will be worked out on the basis of the modeling results.