Please wait a minute...
img img
Adv. Search
Advances in Earth Science  2008, Vol. 23 Issue (3): 252-261    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2008.03.0252
Progress in Researches on Interaction between Aerosol and Cloud
Duan Jing,Mao Jietai
Department of Atmospheric Sciences,School of Physics,Peking University,Beijing 100871,China
Download:  PDF (235KB) 
Export:  BibTeX | EndNote (RIS)      

Aerosol and cloud play important roles in determining the earth's climate. Along with the further knowledge about these important roles, the researches on the interaction between aerosol and cloud became more and more important. A comprehensive review about the research methods and the development in recent twenty years on this field is discussed in this paper. The observation by airplane, satellite and the composite method of observation and model were the main research method in this research. Some data of observation and the model results have given evidences of the influence between aerosol and the other cloud physical characteristics including radiation, cloud drop and precipitation. Aerosol can transform to the cloud condensation nucleus (CCN) in some special situations. Through this process, aerosol influences the cloud characteristics. Therefore, the CCN is an important link in all interaction theory between aerosol and cloud. There were great progresses in the observation technology of CCN. The nonlinear relationship between saturated water vapor pressure and temperature was used to make the instrument to observe the CCN. The related theories about CCN and cloud also have made some progresses. In China, the research methods were changed from the analyzing single observation data to the way of using model and the methods combining observation and model. Finally, several pieces of proposal are brought forward in this research area.

Key words:  Aerosol      Cloud      Interaction      Aerosol indirect effects      CCN.       
Received:  16 November 2007      Published:  10 March 2008
E-mail this article
Add to my bookshelf
Add to citation manager
E-mail Alert
Articles by authors

Cite this article: 

Duan Jing,Mao Jietai. Progress in Researches on Interaction between Aerosol and Cloud. Advances in Earth Science, 2008, 23(3): 252-261.

URL:     OR

[1] Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Climate Change 2001—The Scientific Basis contribution of working group I to the Third Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change[M]. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press2001.

[2] Zhou XiujiWu Guoxiongeds. A Study of the Development Strategy of China Meteorological Cause: The Important Issue of Science and Technology[M].Beijing: China Meteorological Press 2004.[周秀骥,吴国雄主编.中国气象事业发展战略研究·重大科学技术问题卷[M].北京: 气象出版社,2004.]

[3] Breon F MTanre DGeneroso S. Aerosol effect on cloud droplet size monitored from satellite [J]. Science2002295: 834-838.

[4] Hansen JSato MRuedy Ret al. Global warming in the twenty-first century: An alternative scenario [J].Proceedings of the Natlional Academy Sciences of the USA200097:9 875-9 880.

[5] Penner J ERotstayn L D. Indirect aerosol forcing [J]. Science2000290: 407.

[6] Wang PengfeiLi Zihua. The Microphysics of Cloud [M]. Beijing: China Meteorological Press1989.[王鹏飞,李子华.微观云物理学[M] .北京: 气象出版社,1989] 

[7] Twomey S. Pollution and the planetary albedo [J]. Atmospheric Environment19748:1 251-1 256.

[8] Novakov TPenner J E. Large contribution of organic aerosols to cloud-condensation-nuclei concentrations [J]. Nature1993365:823-826.

[9] Rosenfeld D. Suppression of rain and snow by urban and industrial air pollution [J]. Science2000287:1 793-1 796.

[10] Satheesh S KRamanathan V. Large Differences in Tropical Aerosol Forcing at the top of the Atmosphere and Earth's Surface [J]. Nature2000405: 60-63.

[11] Jayaraman ALubin DRamachandran Set al. Direct observations of aerosol radiative forcing over the tropical Indian Ocean during the January-February 1996 Pre-INDOEX Cruise [J]. Journal of Geophysical Research1998103:13 827-13 836.

[12] Chen Weimin. Satellite Meteorology [M].Beijing: China Meteorological Press2000.[陈渭民.卫星气象学[M].北京:气象出版社,2000.]

[13] Huang MengyuZhao ChunshengZhou Guangqianget al. Stratus cloud microphysical characters over north China region and the relationship between aerosols and clouds [J]. Journal of Nanjing Institute of Meteorology2005283: 360-367.[黄梦宇,赵春生,周广强,等. 华北地区层状云微物理特性及气溶胶对云的影响[J].南京气象学院学报,2005283):360-367.]

[14] Yang WenxiaNiu ShengjieWei Junguoet al. Airborne observation for microphysical structure of precipitation system of stratiform cloud in Hebei province [J]. Plateau Meteorology2005241: 84-90.[杨文霞,牛生杰,魏俊国,等. 河北省层状云降水系统微物理结构的飞机观测研究[J]. 高原气象,2005241:84-90.]

[15] Zhang LianyunFeng Guili. Study of the microphysical structure and seedable condit ions of stratiform clouds in spring and fall [J]. Meteorological Monthly1997235:3-7.[张连云,冯桂利. 降水性层状云的微物理特征及人工增雨催化条件的研究[J]. 气象,1997235: 3-7.]

[16] Li ShuriWang GuangheLiu Weiguo. A case study of micro-structure of precipitable stratiform clouds [J]. Meteorological Monthly20012711:17-21.[李淑日,王广河,刘卫国. 降水性层状云微物理结构个例分析[J]. 气象,20012711:17-21.]

[17] Li Niantong. The micro-structure analysis of stratiform clouds in Henan province [C]The Press of the 13th Precipitation Physics and Weather Modification Conference. Beijing: China Meteorological Press2000.[李念童. 河南省秋季层状云的微结构分析[C]第十三次全国降水物理和人工影响天气科学讨论会文集.北京:气象出版社,2000.]

[18] Feng GuiliZhao ZengliangWang Yilin. A case study about microphysical characters of cold front in northwestern China and condition of ice seeding [J]. Journal of Shandong Meteorology1994552: 33-40.[冯桂利,赵增亮,王以琳.一次西北冷锋云系微结构特征及人工引晶催化条件的分析[J]. 山东气象,1994552:33-40.]

[19] Chen WenxuanWang Jun. Analysis the microphysical characteristics of precipitable stratiform clouds of Huang-huai cyclone [J]. Meteorological Monthly20012710: 13-19.[陈文选,王俊.黄淮气旋降水性层状云系微物理特征的综合分析[J].气象,20012710:13-19.]

[20] Chen WenxuanWang JunLiu Wen. Analysis of the microphysical precipitation mechanism for a cold vortex process [J]. Journal of Applied Meteorlolgical Science1999102:190-198.[陈文选,王俊,刘文. 一次冷涡过程降水的微物理机制分析[J].应用气象学报,1999102:190-198.]

[21] Yang Zhongyi. A case study of macro-character of precipitable cloud system in warm sector ahead of fronts [J]. Journal of Shandong Meteorology1994541: 34-38. [杨忠义.一次锋前暖区降水云系宏微观特征分析[J].山东气象,1994541:34-38.]

[22] Wang YilinWang JunGong Dianli. The macro-micro structure analysis of Jianghuai cyclone and cold front [J]. Journal of Applied Meteorlolgyical Science200112S: 30-38. [王以琳,王俊,龚佃利.江淮气旋和冷锋相结合天气过程的宏、微观结构分析[J]. 应用气象学报,200112S:30-38.]

[23] Su ZhengjunHuang ShihongLiu Weiguo. The microphysical characteristics of a Huabei cold vortex precipitation [J]. Meteorological Monthly2000266:16-20. [苏正军,黄世鸿,刘卫国.一次华北冷涡降水的云物理飞机探测特征[J].气象,2000266:16-20.]

[24] Wang Guanghe. A case study on microphysical structure of clouds and precipitation over the area of Daxinganling forestfires [J]. Meteorological Monthly199282: 17-21.[王广河.大兴安岭火区上空云和降水微物理结构特征个例研究[J].气象,199282:17-21.]

[25] Zhou DepingGong FujiuGao Jianchunet al. The studies on the microphysical characteristics of an aircraft cloud seeding [J]. Scientia Meteorologica Sinica2004244: 405-412. [周德平,宫福久,高建春,等.一次飞机播云的微物理效应分析[J].气象科学,2004244:405-412.]

[26] Li YingweiWang Yongliang. A case study of cloud microphysical characteristics about a precipitation system [J]. Liaoning Meteorological Quarterly19933:38-45.[李英伟,王永亮. 一次降水过程的云微物理结构探测[J].辽宁气象,19993:38-45.]

[27] Gu Shufen. A case study of cyclone happened in the Yangtze-Huaihe River in spring in Jilin [C]The Press of the 13th Precipitation Physics and Weather Modification Conference.Beijing: China Meteorological Press2000:30-31.[谷淑芬.吉林省春季一次江淮气旋云雨的个例分析[C]第十三次全国降水物理和人工影响天气科学讨论会文集.北京:气象出版社,2000:30-31.]

[28] Zhang JinghongZheng JiaohengGu Shufang. Synthesis analysis of a typical precipitation about mixed clouds [J]. Journal of Jilin Meteorology20043: 6-8.[张景红,郑矫恒,谷淑芳.一次典型积层混合云降水的综合探测分析[J].吉林气象,20043:6-8.]

[29] Chen ZhengqiChen BaoguoXu Xintianet al. A synthesis study of microphysical characteristics of stratiform cloud system [J]. Journal of Shaanxi Meteorology20046:4-7. [陈争旗,陈保国,许新田,等.西北区一次联合探测层状云系云物理特征分析[J].陕西气象,20046:4-7.]

[30] Fan Shuxian. A case study on the evolution of microphysical structure of stratiform cloud [J]. Journal of Ningxia UniversityNatural Science Edition),2001212: 179-182.[樊曙先.层状云微物理结构演变特征的个例研究[J].宁夏大学学报:自然科学版,2000212:179-182.]

[31] Li ZhaorongLi RongqingLi Baozi. Analyses on vertical microphysical characteristics of autumn stratiform cloud in Lanzhou Region [J]. Plateau Meteorology2003226:583-589.[李照荣,李荣庆,李宝梓. 兰州地区秋季层状云垂直微物理特征分析[J]. 高原气象,2003226:583-589.]

[32] Li ZhaorongLi RongqingChen Tianyuet al. A case study on microphysical structure of stratus during a cold front in spring [J]. Arid Meteorology2004224: 40-55.[李照荣,李荣庆,陈添宇,等.春季冷锋天气过程层状云微物理结构个例分析[J].干旱气象,2004224:40-55.]

[33] Zhao ShixiongChen WenhuiHang Hongzong. Analysis on precipitation altostratus microphysical structure in spring over north-east Qinghai [J]. Plateau Meteorology2002213):281-287.[赵仕雄,陈文辉,杭洪宗. 青海东北部春季系统性降水高层云系微物理结构分析[J].高原气象,2002213: 281-287.]

[34] Li LungeDe ligeer. Analysis of microphysical Features for spring precipitation cloud layers in east of Qinghai [J]. Plateau Meteorology2001202: 191-196.[李仑格,德力格尔. 高原东部春季降水云层的微物理特征分析[J].高原气象,2001202: 191-196.]

[35] Su ZhengjunWang GuangheLiu Weiguoet al. Micro-structure analysis of spring precipitable clouds in Qinghai province [J]. Journal of Applied Meteorological Science200314S: 36-40. [苏正军,王广河,刘卫国,等.青海省春季降水云的微物理特征分析[J].应用气象学报,200314S:36-40.]

[36] Wang GuangheYou Laiguang. The microphysical structures and precipitation characteristics of the cloud zone over a wintertime cold front and stratocumulus under it in Urumqi [J]. Meteorological Monthly1989153:15-19.[王广河,游来光. 乌鲁木齐冬季冷锋云带和锋下层积云的微物理结构及其降雪特征[J].气象,1989153: 15-19.]

[37] Liao FeijiaZhang JianxinHuang Gang. Stratus cloud microphysical characters in the north area of Xinjiang [J]. Bimonthly of Xinjiang Meteorology1996195: 31-34.[廖飞佳,张建新,黄钢.北疆冬季层状云微物理结构初探[J],新疆气象,1996195:31-34.]

[38] Liu Xiaochen. Numerical Modeling of Aerosols Effects on Warm Cloud [D].Beijing: Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences2006.[刘校辰.气溶胶对暖云影响的数值模拟[D].北京:中国气象科学研究院,2006.]

[39] Coakley J ABernstein R LDurkee P A. Effect of ship-stach effluents on cloud reflectivity [J]. Science1987237:1 020-1 022.

[40] King M D. Radiative properties of clouds [C]Hobbs P Ved. Aerosol-Cloud-Climate Interactions. New York: Academic Press1993:123-149.

[41] Ferek R JHegg D AHobbs P Vet al. Measurements of ship-induced tracks in clouds off the Washington coast [J]. Journal of Geophysical Research1998103D18:23 199-23 206.

[42] Nakajima THigurashi AKawamoto Ket al. A possible correlation between satellite-derived cloud and aerosol microphysical parameters [J]. Geophysical Research Letters2001287:1 171-1 174.

[43] Han QRossow W BLacis A A. Near global survey of effective droplet radii in liquid water clouds using ISCCP data [J]. Journal of Climate19947:465-497.

[44] Kaufman Y JFraser R S. The effect of smoke particles on clouds and climate forcing [J]. Science1997277:1 636-1 639.

[45] Kaufman Y JTanre D. Strategy for direct and indirect methods for correcting the aerosol effect on remote sensing: From AVHRR to EOS-MODIS [J]. Remote Sensing of Environment1996551:65-79.

[46] O'Dowd C DLowe J ASmith M H. The relative importance of non-sea-salt sulphateand sea-salt aerosol to the marine cloud condensation nuclei population: An improved multi-component aerosol-cloud droplet parametrization [J]. Quarterly Journal of Royal Meteorological Society Part B1999125556:1 295-1 313. 

[47] Wetzel MStowe L L. Satellite-observed patterns in the relationship of aerosol optical thickness to stratus cloud microphysics and shortwave radiative forcing [J]. Journal of Geophysical Research Atmospheric1999104: 31 287-31 299.

[48] Pwlowska HBrenguier J L. Microphysical properties of stratocumulus clouds during ACE-2 [J]. Tellus200052B: 868-887.

[49] Lance SMedina JSmith J Net al. Mapping the operation of the DMT continuous flow CCN counter [J]. Aerosol Science and Technology20064017: 1-13.

[50] Sheng PeixuanMao JietaiLi Jianguoet al. Atmospheric Physics [M]. Beijing: Peking University Press2003:320.[盛裴轩,毛节泰,李建国,等.大气物理学[M].北京:北京大学出版社,2003:320.]

[51] Twomey SSquires P. The influence of cloud nucleus population on the microstructure and stability of convective clouds [J]. Tellus195911: 408-411.

[52] Twomey SWarner J. Comparison of measurements of cloud droplets and cloud nuclei [J]. Journal of The Atmospheric Science196724:702-703.

[53] Hudson J G. An Instantaneous CCN Spectrometer [J]. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology19896:1 055-1 065.

[54] Ji QShaw G ECantrell W. A new instrument for measuring cloud condensation nuclei: Cloud condensation nucleus “remover”[J]. Journal of Geophysical Research1998103: 28 013-28 019.

[55] Roberts GNenes A. A continuous-flow streamwise thermal-grandient CCN chamber for atmospheric measurements [J]. Aerosol Science and Technology200539: 206-221.

[56] Stratmann FKiselev AWurzler Set al. Laboratory studies and numerical simulations of cloud droplet formation under realistic supersaturation conditions [J]. Journal of Atmospheric And Oceanic Technology200421:876-887.

[57] You LaiguangMa PeiminHu Zhijin. Study on weather precipitation modification of stratiform cloud in north China [J]. Meteorological Science And Technology200230suppl.:19-63.[游来光,马培民,胡志晋. 北方层状云人工降水试验研究[J].气象科技,200230(增刊):19-63.]

[58] Fan ShuxianAn Xialan. Measurement and analysis of the concentration of cloud condensation Nuclei in MT. Helanshan Area [J]. Journal of Desert Research2000203:338-340.[樊曙先,安夏兰. 贺兰山地区云凝结核浓度的测量及分析[J].中国沙漠,2000203):338-340.]

[59] Huang GengLi ShuriDe Ligeeret al. Observational analysis of content of condensation nuclei in the atmosphere in the upper reaches of Huanghe river [J]. Meteorological Monthly20022810: 45-49.[黄庚,李淑日,德力格尔,等.黄河上游云凝结核观测研究[J].气象,20022810):45-49.]

[60] Shi LixinDuan Ying. Observations of cloud condensation nuclei in north China [J]. Acta Meteorologica Sinica2007654:644-652.[石立新,段英.华北地区云凝结核的观测研究[J].气象学报,2007654:644-652.]

[61] Kulmala MLaaksonen ACharlson R Jet al. Cloud without supersaturation [J].Nature199733824: 336-337

[62] Laaksonen AKorhonen PKulmala Met al. Modification of the Köhler equation to include soluble trace gases and slightly soluble substances [J]. Journal of the Atmospheric Science199855:853-862.

[63] Boucher OLohmann U. The sulfate-CCN-cloud Albedo effect—A sensitivity study with two general-circulation models [J]. Tellus Series B-Chemical and Physical Meteorology199547: 281-300.

[64] Hudson J GYum S S. Droplet spectral broadening in marine stratus [J]. Journal of Atmospheric Science199754: 2 642-2 654.

[65] Boers RJensen J BKrummel P B. Microphysical and radiative structure of marine stratocumulus clouds over the Southern Ocean: Summer results and seasonal differences [J]. Quartertly Journal of Royal Meteorological Society1998124:151-168.

[66] Mircea MFacchini M CDecesari Set al. The influence of the organic aerosol component on CCN supersaturation spectra for different aerosol types [J]. Tellus200254B: 74-81.

[67] Ackerman A SToon O BTaylor J Pet al. Effects of aerosols on cloud albedo: Evaluation of Twomey's Parameterization of cloud susceptibility using measurements of ship tracks [J]. Journal of Atmospheric Science200057: 2 684-2 695.

[68] Han QRossow W BChou Jet al. Global survey of the relationships of cloud albedo and liquid water path with droplet size using ISCCP [J]. Journal of Climate199811:1 516-1 528.

[69] Lohmann UFeichter JPenner Jet al. Indirect effect of sulfate and carbonaceous aerosols: A mechanistic treatment [J]. Journal of Geophysical Research2000105D10: 12 193-12 206.

[70] Kuang ZYung Y L. Reflectivity variations off the Peru coast: Evidence for indirect effect of anthropogenic sulphate aerosols on clouds [J]. Geophysical Research Letters200016: 2 501-2 504.

[71] Brenguier J LPawlowska HSchuller Let al. Radiative properties of boundary layer clouds: Droplet effective radius versus number concentration [J]. Journal of Atmospheric Science2001 57: 803-821.

[72] Peng YLohmann ULeaitch Ret al. The cloud albedo-cloud droplet effective radius relationship for clean and polluted clouds from RACE and FIRE.ACE [J]. Journal of Geophysical Research2002107D11: 4 106.

[73] Massie S THeymsfield ASchmitt Cet al. Aerosol indirect effects as a function of cloud top pressure [J]. Journal of Geophysical Research2007112:1-13.

[74] IPCC. Fourth Assessment ReportClimate Change 2007-The Scientific Basic [M]. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press2007.

[75] Albrecht B A. Aerosolscloud microphysics and fractional cloudiness [J]. Science1989245:1 227-1 230.

[76] Yum S SHudson J G. Maritime/continental microphysical contrasts in stratus [J]. Tellus B2002541:61-73.

[77] Heymsfield A JMcFarquhar G M. Microphysics of INDOEX clean and polluted trade cumulus clouds [J].Journal of Geophysical Research2001106D22: 28 653-28 674.

[78] Pawlowska HBrenguier J L. The indirect effect of aerosols on climate: Effect of aerosol properties on precipitation efficiency [C]The Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Clouds and Precipitation.Reno2000.

[79] Yin YChen L. The effects of heating by transported dust layers on cloud and precipitation: A numerical study [J]. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics20077:3 497-3 505.

[80] Ramanathan VCrutaen P JKirhl J Tet al. Aerosolclimateand the hydrological cycle [J]. Science2001294:2 119-2 124.

No Suggested Reading articles found!