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地球科学进展  2017, Vol. 32 Issue (7): 723-730    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2017.07.0723
综述与评述     
降水观测误差修正研究进展
张乐乐1, 2, 高黎明1, 2, 赵林3, 乔永平3, 史健宗3
1.青海师范大学生命与地理科学学院,青海 西宁 810008;
2.青海省自然地理与环境过程重点实验室,青海 西宁 810008;
3. 中国科学院 西北生态环境资源研究院 青藏高原冰冻圈观测研究站/冰冻圈科学国家重点实验室,甘肃 兰州 730000
Review on Correction of Errors in Precipitation Measurement
Zhang Lele1, 2, Gao Liming1, 2, Zhao Lin3, Qiao Yongping3, Shi Jianzong3
1.School of Life Science and Geography, Qinghai Normal University, Xining 810008, China;
2.Qinghai Province Key Laboratory of Phyical Geography and Environmental Process, Qinghai Normal University, Xining 810008, China;
3.Cryosphere Research Station on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, State Key Laboratory of Cryosheric Sciences, Northwest Institute of Eco-Environment and Resources, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000, China
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摘要: 获取准确的降水量是研究气候变化以及水文循环的基础,国内外学者针对雨量筒降水量捕捉率不足的问题做了大量工作。对近几十年来国内外降水量对比观测及雨量筒降水量修正方面的研究进行综述,认为目前对液态降水修正方案较为成熟,但是对固态降水尚未形成一个统一的修正标准。主要原因在于目前的降水量修正方案缺少对降水微过程的考虑。充分考虑降水微过程是给出包含物理意义降水量修正方案的关键。另外,更为细致的降水类型判定方案以及对微量降水事件的记录也是确定降水修正方案需要重点解决的问题。
关键词: 降水量修正降水类型雨量筒动力损失    
Abstract: Accurate precipitation is the basis for better understanding the climate change and water cycle process. The domestic and foreign scholars have done a great deal of work for the insufficient catch rate of rain gauges. A review of recent studies on correction of errors in precipitation measurement was given in this paper. It is considered that the correction scheme for liquid precipitation is mature at present, but there is not a uniform standard for solid precipitation correction. The main reason is that the current precipitation correction schemes are lack of consideration of precipitation micro process. The full consideration of the precipitation micro process is the key to the correction of precipitation with physical significance. In addition, more detailed precipitation type determination and the record of light precipitation events are also key problems to determine the precipitation correction scheme.
Key words: Precipitation dynamic loss    Rain gauge    Precipitation correction.    Precipitation type
收稿日期: 2017-03-19 出版日期: 2017-07-20
ZTFLH:  P332.1  
基金资助: 国家自然科学基金青年科学基金项目“青藏高原腹地雨量筒降水观测误差的修正”(编号:41705139); 青海省基础研究计划项目“青海湖流域植被退化的生态水文效应研究”(编号:2017-ZJ-951Q)资助
作者简介: 张乐乐(1986-),男,河南新安人,讲师,主要从事寒区水文与地表过程方面研究.E-mail:zhang1986lele@163.com
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引用本文:

张乐乐, 高黎明, 赵林, 乔永平, 史健宗. 降水观测误差修正研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2017, 32(7): 723-730.

Zhang Lele, Gao Liming, Zhao Lin, Qiao Yongping, Shi Jianzong. Review on Correction of Errors in Precipitation Measurement. Advances in Earth Science, 2017, 32(7): 723-730.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2017.07.0723        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2017/V32/I7/723

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