地球科学进展 ›› 2018, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (12): 1215 -1222. doi: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2018.12.1215.

综述与评述    下一篇

大陆架划界科学技术及其在海上丝路合作中的应用前景分析 *
孙湫词 1( ), 方银霞 1, 2, *( ), 李家彪 1, 2   
  1. 1.自然资源部第二海洋研究所,浙江 杭州 310012
    2.自然资源部海底科学重点实验室,浙江 杭州 310012
  • 收稿日期:2018-08-27 出版日期:2018-12-10
  • 通讯作者: 方银霞 E-mail:sunqiuci@sio.org.cn;fangyx@sio.org.cn
  • 基金资助:
    *国家重点研发计划项目“海洋划界决策支持系统研发与应用”(编号:2017YFC1405502)资助.

Science and Technology of Delimitation of Continental Shelf and Its Application in Maritime Silk Road Cooperation *

Qiuci Sun 1( ), Yinxia Fang 1, 2, *( ), Jiabiao Li 1, 2   

  1. 1.Second Institute of Oceanography, Ministry of Nature Resources, Zhejiang Hangzhou 310012, China
    2.Key Laboratory of Submarine Geosciences, Ministry of Nature Resources, Zhejiang Hangzhou 310012, China
  • Received:2018-08-27 Online:2018-12-10 Published:2019-01-18
  • Contact: Yinxia Fang E-mail:sunqiuci@sio.org.cn;fangyx@sio.org.cn
  • About author:

    First author:Sun Qiuci(1986-),female, Haining City, Zhejiang Province, Engineer. Research areas include marine management science. E-mail:sunqiuci@sio.org.cn

  • Supported by:
    Project supported by the National Key Research and Development Program of China "Research and application on the decision support system for maritime boundary delimitation"(No.2017YFC1405502).

大陆架划界是国际海洋科技领域新兴交叉的学科,是依据《联合国海洋法公约》的国际规则利用科技手段来拓展沿海国管辖范围,事关国家海洋主权权益,是世界各国争相发展的科技热点。我国与世界海洋强国同步启动了该领域的研究,并在大陆架划界地质模型、探测技术和划界系统等方面形成了创新优势,成为我国对外海洋科技合作的全新纽带,也是21世纪海上丝绸之路合作的重要内容。详细介绍了沿海国200海里(370 km)以外大陆架划界的基本原则与划界方法、世界各国大陆架划界动态、我国的大陆架划界科技创新发展以及在海上丝路合作中的应用前景,提出应大力拓展海上丝路大陆架划界科技合作,推动我国大陆架划界科技跨越发展,提升我国在国际海洋事务中的影响力和话语权。

Delimitation of the continental shelf is an emerging interdisciplinary discipline in the field of international marine science and technology. It uses the scientific and technological means to expand the jurisdiction of coastal states based on the international rules of the 《United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea》. Therefore, it is related to the marine sovereignty rights and interests of a country and also a hot topic of science and technology that all countries have competed to develop. China has launched the research in this field simultaneously with the world's maritime powers, and formed its innovative advantages in such aspects as geological models, detection techniques and delimitation systems in the delimitation of continental shelf, which have become the brand new ties for China's cooperation with foreign countries in marine science and technology, and also the important field in the maritime silk road cooperation in the 21st century. This paper introduced the basic principles and methods in the delimitation of continental shelf beyond 200 nautical miles (370 km), progress in the delimitation of the global continental shelf, and China's innovative science and technology as well as its application in maritime Silk Road cooperation, and provided the prospect of the future scientific and technological cooperation with foreign countries and development in this filed. And it was suggested China should develop the scientific and technological cooperation on the delimitation of the continental shelf along the Silk Road, promote the scientific and technological development of the delimitation of the continental shelf in China, and enhance China's influence and voice in international ocean affairs.

中图分类号: 

图1 沿海国大陆架外部界限划定方法示意图
Fig.1 The schematic diagram showing the determination methods of the outer limit of the continental shelf of costal states
图1 沿海国大陆架外部界限划定方法示意图
Fig.1 The schematic diagram showing the determination methods of the outer limit of the continental shelf of costal states
表1 全球大陆架划界地质模型
Table 1 Geological model of the delimitation of the global continental shelf
表1 全球大陆架划界地质模型
Table 1 Geological model of the delimitation of the global continental shelf
图2 大陆架划界决策分析系统框架图
Fig.2 The framework of decision-making analysis system of the delimitation of the continental shelf
图2 大陆架划界决策分析系统框架图
Fig.2 The framework of decision-making analysis system of the delimitation of the continental shelf
表2 “海上丝路”沿线部分国家大陆架划界工作进展(截止2018年6月)
Table 2 Progress in the delimitation of the continental shelf of the costal states along the "Silk Road" (as of June 2018)
表2 “海上丝路”沿线部分国家大陆架划界工作进展(截止2018年6月)
Table 2 Progress in the delimitation of the continental shelf of the costal states along the "Silk Road" (as of June 2018)
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[1] 黄文星, 朱本铎, 刘丽强, 张金鹏. 海底地理实体命名对大陆架划界的影响——以日本为例[J]. 地球科学进展, 2016, 31(8): 811-819.
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