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地球科学进展  2015, Vol. 30 Issue (5): 552-563    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2015.05.0552
综述与评述     
中国近海海洋锋和锋面预报研究进展
任诗鹤, 王辉*, 刘娜
国家海洋环境预报中心 国家海洋局海洋灾害预报技术研究重点实验室,北京100081
Review of Ocean Front in Chinese Marginal Seas and Frontal Forecasting
Ren Shihe, Wang Hui, Liu Na
Key Laboratory of Research on Marine Hazards Forecasting, National Marine Environmental Forecasting Center, Beijing, 100081, China
 全文: PDF(9987 KB)  
摘要:

海洋锋是水文要素特性不同的2个水团之间的狭窄过渡带,是一种重要的中尺度海洋现象,对渔业、军事和海洋环境保护等许多领域有重要影响,已经成为近年来物理海洋学以及海洋交叉学科中的重要课题之一。中国近海由于众多环流、水团和涡旋在此交汇,海洋锋现象十分显著,近年来,我国学者对中国近海的海洋锋产生机制和变化规律取得了一定的进展。首先从实测水文资料分析、遥感资料分析和数值模拟3个方面分别回顾了黄海、东海、南海北部等中国近海海域海洋锋的研究进展。对于海洋锋的预报研究,我国起步较晚,但目前对近海海洋锋预报的需求十分迫切。回顾总结了国外海洋锋预报的进展,集中介绍了黑潮锋、冰岛—法罗群岛锋、湾流锋和墨西哥湾锋面涡旋的预报方法和现状,最后对如何开展中国近海海洋锋预报提出思考和展望。

关键词: 锋面预报海洋锋中国近海    
Abstract:

Ocean front is transition zone between two water mass with different hydrological features. Ocean front is an important mesoscale phenomenon, which has important significances in various fields, such as fishery, environment protection and marine military defense. Thus, ocean front becomes one of the key points in the physical oceanography and also in the inter-disciplinary studies. In Chinese marginal seas, ocean front is very importrant because of complex situation of water mass, circulation and eddies. In recent years, researchers have studied the distribution characteristics and the dynamic mechanism of fronts in Chinese marginal seas based on in-situ hydrographic data, remote sensing satellite data, theoretical analysis and numerical model. In this paper, we review the progress of fronts in the Yellow Sea, East China Sea and the northern part of South China Sea. In our country, the research on frontal forecasting is still in the beginning stage, but forecast of ocean front is strongly demanded in China. Progress about forecasting of Kuroshio front, Gulf Stream front, frontal eddies in Gulf of Mexico and Iceland-Faeroe front is introduced in this paper. In addition, some thoughts and prospects about developing frontal forecast system in Chinese marginal seas are presented.

Key words: Ocean front    Chinese marginal seas.    Frontal forecasting
出版日期: 2015-05-06
:  P731.1  
基金资助:

国家科技支撑计划项目“全球海洋环境数值预报关键技术系统集成研究及应用”(编号:2011BAC03B00); 国家重点基础研究发展计划项目“南海关键岛屿周边多尺度海洋动力过程研究”(编号:2014CB745004)资助

通讯作者: 王辉(1962-),男,安徽濉溪人,研究员,主要从事海洋预报理论与方法、业务化海洋学和海洋动力学研究.      E-mail: wangh@nmefc.gov.cn
作者简介: 任诗鹤(1986-),男,河北唐山人,研究实习员,主要从事海洋数值预报模拟研究.E-mail:rensh@nmefc.gov.cn
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任诗鹤, 王辉, 刘娜. 中国近海海洋锋和锋面预报研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2015, 30(5): 552-563.

Ren Shihe, Wang Hui, Liu Na. Review of Ocean Front in Chinese Marginal Seas and Frontal Forecasting. Advances in Earth Science, 2015, 30(5): 552-563.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2015.05.0552        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2015/V30/I5/552

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