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地球科学进展  2011, Vol. 26 Issue (1): 66-74    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2011.01.0066
新学科·新技术·新发现     
地学e-Science研究与实践
诸云强1,孙九林1,宋佳1,张金区1,2,冯敏1,尹芳1,杜佳1, 曹俊1,3
1.中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101;2.华南师范大学,广东 广州 510631;3.中国科学院研究生院,北京 100039
e-Geoscience Research and Practice—A Case show of North Eastern Asia Joint Scientific Exploration and Cooperative Research Platform
Zhu Yunqiang1, Sun Jiulin1, Song Jia1, Zhang Jinqu1,2, Feng Min1, Yin Fang1, Du Jia1, Cao Jun1,3
1.Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing100101,China;2. South China Normal University, Guangzhou510631, China;3. Graduate University of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing100039, China
 全文: PDF(1361 KB)  
摘要:

地学e-Science被认为是继理论分析、实验观察和模拟计算之后的地学科研方法,将促进传统地学科研模式的变革,提升地学研究的效率和水平。由于地学e-Science的研究刚刚起步,国内外学者对其本质、内容、技术架构和未来发展,还缺乏一个统一、清晰的认识。认为地学e-Science的实质就是支撑地学研究的信息化环境及其在此基础上开展的各类地学科研活动,其总体架构包括信息化基础设施、地学资源、功能服务和科研应用4个层次。基于地学e-Science的研究可以实现地学科研模式的4个转变。实践表明地学e-Science原型系统:东北亚联合科学考察与合作研究平台通过信息化技术和数字化资源改变了传统科学考察的模式,极大促进了中国、俄罗斯、蒙古3国科学家联合科学考察的效率。

关键词: 信息技术地球科学协同研究资源共享    
Abstract:

e-Geoscience (electonic Geo-science) is thought to be the future research mode of Earth science after theory analysis, experiment observation and simulation computing. It can promote the innovation of traditional research mode of Earth science and improve the efficiency of Earth science research. However, as e-Geoscience is the newborn thing, there is no uniform and clear understanding about the essence, characteristics and development trend of e-Geoscience. Based on analysis of current research and authors′ practice, this paper puts forward the definition, connotation and technical framework of e-Geoscience in detail for the first time. e-Geoscience is the electronic environment for supporting Earth science research and all research activities on it. Its technical framework should contain four layers, i.e. information infrastructure, geo-resources, function services and application tools layer from bottom to top. The next generation information infrastructure, such as super speed internet, supercomputing clusters, is the basic of e-Geoscience and geo-resources sharing is the core, while cooperative research is its goal. Then, the research mode based on e-Geoscience is analyzed that has four obvious changes compared to traditional research mode. Finally, the authors design and develop the prototype application system of e-Geoscience, North Eastern Joint Scientific Exploration and Cooperative Research Platform. This platform can provide not only geo-data, bibliographies and models sharing, but also a series of tools for scientific exploration, such as exploration area virtual walkthrough, exploration routes and points pre-Selection on web GIS, field collection system based on PDA and so on. The practice proves that it can extremely save cost and improve the efficiency of across countries, interdisciplinary scientific exploration. 

Key words: Information technology    Earth Science    Cooperative research    Resources sharing
收稿日期: 2010-03-22 出版日期: 2011-01-10
:  P5  
基金资助:

环保行业公益项目“环保档案信息资源共享框架构建技术与示范研究”(编号:200909110);中国科学院信息化专项项目“地学e-Science应用示范研究——东北亚联合科学考察和合作研究平台构建”;国家高技术研究发展计划项目“科学数据网格及科研应用系统”(编号:2006AA01A120)资助.

通讯作者: 诸云强     E-mail: zhuyq@lreis.ac.cn
作者简介: 诸云强(1977-),男,江西广丰人,副研究员,主要从事地学数据共享研究. E-mail:zhuyq@lreis.ac.cn
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引用本文:

诸云强,孙九林,宋佳,张金区,冯敏,尹芳,杜佳,曹俊. 地学e-Science研究与实践[J]. 地球科学进展, 2011, 26(1): 66-74.

Zhu Yunqiang, Sun Jiulin, Song Jia, Zhang Jinqu, Feng Min, Yin Fang. e-Geoscience Research and Practice—A Case show of North Eastern Asia Joint Scientific Exploration and Cooperative Research Platform. Advances in Earth Science, 2011, 26(1): 66-74.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2011.01.0066        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2011/V26/I1/66

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