Please wait a minute...
img img
地球科学进展  2007, Vol. 22 Issue (2): 111-125    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2007.02.0111
复旦大学波散射与遥感信息教育部重点实验室,上海 200433
Theory and Application for Retrieval and Fusion of Spatial and Temporal Quantitative Information from Complex Natural Environment
JIN Ya-qiu
Key Laboratory of Wave Scattering and Remote Sensing Information (MOE)  Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, China
 全文: PDF(901 KB)  

从理论、方法与应用实现三方面,对国家“973 ”项目“复杂自然环境时空定量信息的获取与融合处理的理论与应用”在地球信息科学领域中的研究进展作一个概述。在遥感机制与信息理论上,以合成孔径雷达(SAR)研究为背景,发展全极化散射与SAR 成像信息理论;以微波辐射遥感为背景,发展非均匀自然介质矢量辐射传输(VRT)理论。在这基础上,开展在轨业务与试验遥感卫星在多类陆地地表和大气遥感数据验证的方法与算法的研究。结合遥感、辐射传输、地理信息系统、中国陆面水文过程、数据同化技术,建立一个中国陆地水环境数据同化系统(CLDAS);针对我国未来气象卫星的发展,由在轨SSM / I 、AMSU 、MTI 等遥感卫星数据、结合地面台站实测与探空等工作,形成了星载微波大气三水(降水、水汽、云水)反演与气象卫星数据业务算法与数据库;针对我国SAR 技术的发展,由ERS 、RADARSAT 等SAR 数据图像的应用研究,形成SAR - INSAR 多类应用技术研究与软件遥感应用平台。同时,结合多源信息融合理论方法与环境中目标跟踪实验与仿真,发展了目标与环境复合建模与特性数值仿真、开展了沿海区域异常大气结构中波传播实验等研究。

关键词: 空间遥感地球环境时空信息获取    

Research progress of National Major Basic Research Project 2001CB309400, “Theory and Application for Retrieval and Fusion of Spatial and Temporal Quantitative Information from Complex Natural Environment”, is briefly reported.
Due to fast advancement of SAR (Synthetic Aperture Radar) imagery technology, information theory of fully polarimetric scattering and applications in polarimetric SAR remote sensing are developed. Microwave passive remote sensing promotes the study of Vector (polarized) Radiative Transfer (VRT) theory of complex natural media. An overall VRT theory for inhomogeneous, multi-layered and 3-dimensional VRT is developed.
Based on these theoretical progresses, data validation and retrieval algorithms for some typical events and characteristic parameters of Earth terrain surfaces, atmosphere and ocean from operational and experimental remote sensing satellites are carried out. Employing remote sensing, radiative transfer simulation, GIS, land hydrological process and data assimilation, Chinese Land Dada Assimilation System (CLDAS) is established. Towards future development of China’s meterologic satellites, employing remote sensing data of currently available SSM/I, AMSU, MTI etc. with ground based measurements, several operational algorithms and dada bases for atmospheric precipitation, water vapor and liquid water in clouds, and other meterologic/hydrological applications are developed.
To promote China’s SAR and InSAR technologies, image processing and analysis of ERS, Radarsat SAR etc. and Chinese SAR, and the software platforms are accomplished. Based on research of multi-information fusion, identification and information extraction of targets from complex background scene are also studied, and some experiments of radio wave propagation in anomalous atmospheric status are carried out.

Key words: Space-borne remote sensing    Earth environment    Retrieval of spatial and temporal information.
收稿日期: 2007-01-01 出版日期: 2007-02-10
:  TP79  

国家重点基础研究发展计划项目 “复杂自然环境时空定量信息的获取与融合处理的理论与应用”(编号:2001CB309400)资助.

通讯作者: 金亚秋(1946-),男,上海人,教授,主要从事电磁波散射传输和遥感研究.E-mail:     E-mail:
作者简介: 金亚秋(1946-),男,上海人,教授,主要从事电磁波散射传输和遥感研究.E-mail:
E-mail Alert


金亚秋. 复杂自然环境时空定量信息的获取与融合处理的理论与应用[J]. 地球科学进展, 2007, 22(2): 111-125.

JIN Ya-qiu. Theory and Application for Retrieval and Fusion of Spatial and Temporal Quantitative Information from Complex Natural Environment. Advances in Earth Science, 2007, 22(2): 111-125.


[1]Jin Y Q, Theory and Approach of Information Retrievals from Electromagnetic Scattering and Remote Sensing[M]. Berlin Heidelberg New York: Springer,2005.
[2]Jin Y Q,ed. Wave Propagation, Scattering and Emission in Complex Media[M]. Beijing: Science Press, Singapore: World Scientific Publishing Co.,2004.
[3]Jin Yaqiu. Theory and Method for Data Validation from Space-borne Microwave Remote Sensing[M].Beijing: Science Press,2005.[金亚秋.空间微波遥感数据验证的理论与方法[M]. 北京: 科学出版社,2005.]
[4]Jin Yaqiu, ed. Theory and Applications of Retrieval and Fusion Processing of Spatial and Temporal Quantitative Information from Complex Natural Environment[M]. Shanghai: Science and Technology Press,2005.[金亚秋主编.复杂自然环境时空定量信息的获取与融合处理的理论与应用[M].上海:上海科学技术出版社,2005.]
[5]Han Chongzhao ,Zhu Hongyan,Duan Zhansheng,et al. Fusion of Multi-Sources Fusion[M]. Beijing: Tsinghua Press ,2005.[韩崇昭, 朱洪艳,段战胜,等.多源信息融合[M].北京:清华大学出版社,2005.]
[6]Cao Meisheng, Li Xin, eds. Remote Sensing og Frozen Areas[M].Beijing: Science Press,2006.[曹梅盛,李新,编著.冰冻圈遥感[M].北京:科学出版社,2006.]
[7]Zhang Wenjian, Chen Hongbin, Lu Naimeng, et al.Satellite-Borne Microwave Remote Sensing of Earth System[M]. Beijing: Meteorology Press,2006.[张文建,陈洪滨,卢乃锰,等.地球系统的卫星微波遥感[M].北京:气象出版社,2006.]
[8]Jin Y Q, Chen F. Polarimetric scattering indexes and information entropy of the SAR imagery for surface monitoring[J].IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing,2002, 40(11): 2 502-2 506.
[9]Xu F, Jin Y Q. Deorientation theory of polarimetric scattering targets and application to terrain surface classification[J].IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing,2005, 43(10): 2 351-2 364.
[10]Jin Y Q, Luo L. “Terrain topography inversion using single-pass polarimetric SAR image data”[J].Science in China (F),2004, 47(4): 490-500.
[11]Jin Y Q,  Chen F,Luo L, Automatic analysis of change detection of multi-temporal ERS-2 SAR images by using two-thresholds EM and MRF Algorithms[J].The Imaging Science Journal,2004, 52: 234-241.
[12]Xu F,Jin Y Q. Imaging simulation of polarimetric synthetic aperture radar remote sensing for comprehensive terrain scene using the mapping and projection algorithm[J].IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing,2006, 44(11): 3 219-3 234.
[13]Jin Y Q, Xu F, Fa W Z.Numerical simulation of polarimetric radar pulse echoes from lunar regolith layer with scatter inhomogeneity and rough Interfaces[J]. Radio Science,2007(in press).
[14]Xu F,Jin Y Q. Multi-Parameters inversion of a layer of vegetation canopy over rough surface from the system response function based on the mueller matrix solution of pulse echoes[J]. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing,2006, 44(7): 2 003-2 015.
[15]Chang M,Jin Y Q. Temporal mueller matrix solution for polarimetric scattering from inhomogeneous random media of non-spherical scatterers under a pulse Incidence[J].IEEE Transactions on Antenna and Propagation, 2003, 51(4): 820-832.
[16]Xu F,Jin Y Q. Automatic reconstruction of 3-D stereo buildings from Multi-Aspect Metric-Resolution SAR images[J].IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing,2007(in press).
[17]Liang Z, Jin Y Q. Iterative approach of High-Order scattering solution for vector radiative transfer of inhomogeneous random media[J]. Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer,2003,77:1-12.
[18]Jin Y Q, Liang Z.An approach of the three-dimensional vector radiative transfer equation for inhomogeneous scatter media[J].IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing,2004, 42(2): 355-360. 
[19]Jin Y Q, Liang Z.Iterative solution of multiple scattering and emission from inhomogeneous scatter media[J]. Journal of Applied Physics,2003, 93(4): 2 251-2 256.
[20]Jin Y Q,Liang Z.Iterative Inversion from the multi-order mueller matrix solution of vector radiative transfer equation for a layer of random spheroids[J].Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiate Transfer,2004, 83(4): 303-311. 
[21]Jin Y Q,  Chen F,Chang M.Retrievals of underlying surface roughness and moisture for stratified vegetation canopy using polarized pulse echoes in the specular direction[J]. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing,2004, 42(2): 426-433.
[22]Jin Y Q, Chen F.Scattering simulation for inhomogeneous layered canopy and random targets beneath canopies by using the mueller matrix solution of the pulse radiative transfer[J].Radio Science,2003, 38(6): 1 107-1 116.
[23]Yan F, Jin Y Q.Monitoring flooding of the huaihe river, China, in summer 2003 using characteristic indeces derived from SSM/I multitemporal observations[J].Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing,2004, 30(5): 764-768.
[24]Jin Y Q, Yan F.Monitoring sandstorms and desertification in Northwestern China by using the SSM/I and the getis auto-correlation statistics[J]. International Journal of Remote Sensing, 2004, 25(11): 2 053-2 060.
[25]Jin Y Q, Liang Z.Iterative retrieval of canopy biomass and surface moisture by using multi-order mueller matrix solutions of polarimetric radiative transfer[J].Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing,2004, 30(2): 169-175.
[26]Fa W Z, Jin Y Q.Simulation of brightness temperature of lunar surface and inversion of the regolith layer thickness[J].Journal of Geophysical Research-Planet,2007(in press).
[27]Han Z,Jin Y Q.Distribution of suspended sediment concentrations in the Yangtze River estuary retrieved from the CMODIS Image data of China’s SZ-3 spacecraft[J].International Journal of Remote Sensing,2006, 27(19): 4 329-4 336.
[28]Cao G Z, Jin Y Q.A hybrid algorithm of BP-ANN/GA for data fusion of landsat ETM+ and ERS-2 SAR in urban terrain classification[J].International Journal of Remote Sensing,2007(in press).
[29]Peng J, Jin Y Q.An unbiased algorithm for detection of curvilinear structures in urban remote sensing image[J]. International Journal of Remote Sensing,2007(in press).
[30]Zhang L, Lu D, Duan S.Small-Scale rain nonuniformity and its effect on evaluation of nonuniform beam filling error for spaceborne radar rain measurement[J].Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology,2005,21(8):1 190-1 197.
[31]Wu X,  Li J, Zhang W.Atmospheric profile retrieval with AIRS data and validation at the ARM CART site[J].Advances in Atmospheric Science,2005, 22(5): 647-654.
[32]Yan C X, Zhu J, Li R F, et al.Roles of vertical correlations of background error and T-S relations in estimation of temperature and salinity profiles from sea surface dynamic height[J].Journal of Geophysical Research,2004,109, C08010, doi:10.1029/2003JC002224.
[33]Yao Z, Chen H,Lin L.Retrieving atmospheric temperature profiles from AMSU-A Data with neural networks[J].Advances in Atmospheric Science,2005, 22(4): 606-616.
[34]Gu S, Gao H, Zhu Y.Remote sensing land surface wetness by use of TRMM/TMI microwave data[J].Meteorological and Atmospheric Physics,2002, 80(1): 59-65. 
[35]Li X, Cheng D D,Lu L.Spatial analysis of air temperature in the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau[J].Arctic, Antarctic and Alpine Research,2005, 37(2): 246-252.
[36]Jin R, Li X, Che T, et al.Glacier area changes in the Pumqu river basin ,Tibetan Plateau, between the 1970s and 2001[J].Journal of Glaciology,2004, 51(175): 607-610.
[37]Li Z F, Li X, Wang Y M, et al.Land-use change analysis in Yulin prefecture, northwestern China using remote sensing and GIS[J].International Journal of Remote Sensing,2004, 25(24): 5 691-5 703.
[38]Lu L, Li X,Huang C L,et al.Investigating the relationship between ground-measured LAI and vegetation indices in an alpine meadow, Northwest China[J].International Journal of Remote Sensing,2005, 26(20): 4 471-4 484.
[39]Che T, Li X, Armstrong R,et al.An experiment of assimilating passive microwave remote sensing data into land surface modeling to improve the estimation of snow depth[J].Remote Sensing of Environment,2007(in press).
[40]Huang C L, Li X, Lu L,et al.Experiments of one-dimensional soil moisture assimilation system based on ensemble Kalman filter[J].Remote Sensing of Environment,2007(in press).
[41]Huang C L, Li X.Retrieving soil temperature profile by assimilating MODIS LST products with ensemble Kalman filter[J].Remote Sensing of Environment,2007(in press).
[42]Han X J, Li X.An evaluation of the nonlinear/non-gaussian filters for sequential data assimilation[J].Remote Sensing of Environment,2007(in press).
[43]Zhang W C,  Chen J, Ogawa K,  Yamaguchi Y.An approach to estimating evapotranspiration in the Urumqi River basin, Tianshan, China, by means of remote sensing and a geographical information system technique[J].Hydrological Processes,2005, 19: 1 839-1 854. 
[44]Che T, Jin R, Li X, Wu L Z.Glacial lake change and the detection of potentially dangerous glacial lakes during the recent three decades in the Pumqu River Basin, Tibetan Plateau[J].Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research,2007(in press).
[45]Zhang Shuwen, Li Haorui, Zhang Weiaong,et al.Estimating the soil moisture profile by assimilating near-surface observations with the ensemble kalman Filter (EnKF)[J].Advance in Atmospheric Sciences, 2005, 22(6): 936-945.
[46]Li X,Koike T.Frozen soil parameterization in SiB2 and its validation with GAME-Tibet observations[J].Cold Regions Science and Technology,2003, 36(1/3): 165-182.
[47]Li X, Koike T, Mahadevan P.A very fast simulated re-annealing (VFSA) approach for land data assimilation[J].Computers and Geosciences,2004, 30(3): 239-248.
[48]Jin Y Q, Li Z.Numerical simulation of radar surveillance for the ship target and oceanic clutters in two-dimensional model[J].Radio Science,2003, 38(3): 1 045-1 050.
[49]Liu P,Jin Y Q.Numerical simulation for bistatic scattering from a target at low altitude over rough sea surface under EM Incidence at low grazing angle by using the finite element method[J].IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation,2004, 52(5): 1 205-1 210.
[50]Liu P,Jin Y Q.The finite element method with domain decomposition for electromagnetic bistatic scattering from the comprehensive model of a ship on and a target above large-scale rough sea surface[J].IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing,2004,42(5): 950-956.
[51]Liu P,Jin Y Q.Numerical simulation of the doppler spectrum of a flying target above dynamic oceanic surface by using the FEM-DDM method[J].IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation,2005, 53(2): 825-832.
[52]Jin Y Q,Liang Z.Scattering and emission from inhomogeneous vegetation canopy and alien target by using Three-Dimensional Vector Radiative Transfer (3D-VRT) equation[J].Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer,2005, 92(3): 261-274.
[53]Ye H,Jin Y Q.Parameterization of tapered incident wave for electromagnetic scattering simulation from randomly rough surface[J]. IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation,2005, 53(3): 1 234-1 237.
[54]Wang Z L, Jin Y Q,Ogura H.Enhanced backscattering from a metallic cylinder with a random rough surface[J].Physical Review B,2005, 71: 155415-1-7.
[55]Xu F, Jin Y Q.Deorientation theory of polarimetric scattering targets and application to terrain surface classification[J].IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing,2005,43(10): 2 351-2 364.
[56]Liu P,Jin Y Q.An FEM approach with FFT accelerated iterative robin boundary condition for electromagnetic scattering of a target with strong or weak coupled underlying randomly rough surface[J].IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation,2005,53(12):4 137-4 144.
[57]Ye H,Jin Y Q.Fast iterative approach to electromagnetic scattering from the target above a randomly rough surface[J].IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing,2006,44(1):108-115.
[58]Ye H, Jin Y Q.A hybrid analytic-numerical algorithm for scattering from an object above rough surface[J].IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing,2007(in press).
[59]Li, Zhu Y M, Wang J, Han C Z.Optimal linear estimation fusion - Part I: Unified fusion rules[J].IEEE Transctions on Information Theory,2003,49(9):2 192-2 208. 
[60]Hou, Han C Z. Force field analysis snake: An improved parametric active contour model[J].Pattern Recognition Letters,2005, 26(2): 513-526.
[61]Yuan X, Han C Z, et al.Adaptive turn rate estimation using range rate measurements[J].IEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems,2007(in press).
[62]Lei M,Han C Z.Sequential nonlinear tracking using UKF and raw range-rate measurements[J].IEEE Transaction on Aerospace and Electronic Systems,2007(in press).

[1] 周浙昆, 周忠和, 王怿. 陆地生态系统与地球环境的协同演化[J]. 地球科学进展, 2016, 31(7): 682-688.
[2] 周小刚,罗云峰,吕克解. NSF用于地球环境观测系统的设施[J]. 地球科学进展, 2007, 22(4): 428-432.
[3] 周广胜;周莉;袁文平. 地球环境与生命过程[J]. 地球科学进展, 2004, 19(5): 706-711.
[4] 安芷生, 符淙斌. 全球变化科学的进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2001, 16(5): 671-680.
[5] 孙成权; 曹月华. 日本地球科学技术研究开发基本规划简介[J]. 地球科学进展, 1993, 8(2): 95-100.