地球科学进展 ›› 2006, Vol. 21 ›› Issue (9): 973 -981. doi: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2006.09.0973

全球变化研究 上一篇    下一篇

  1. 中国农业大学资源与环境学院土壤与水农业部重点实验室,土壤植物相互作用教育部重点实验室,北京 100094
  • 收稿日期:2006-04-04 修回日期:2006-06-03 出版日期:2006-09-15
  • 通讯作者: 李贵桐(1968-),男,北京人,副教授,主要从事农业资源利用与信息技术研究. E-mail:lgtong@cau.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:


Modeling and Application of Stable Carbon Isotope of Pedogenic Carbonate

Yang Lifang,Li Guitong,Li Baoguo   

  1. Key Laboratory of Soil Science and Water, Ministry of Agriculture, Key Laboratory of Soil-Plant Interaction,Ministry of Education, College of Resources and Environmental Sciences, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100094,China
  • Received:2006-04-04 Revised:2006-06-03 Online:2006-09-15 Published:2006-09-15


In arid and semiarid zones, soil inorganic carbon pool is about 2-5 times more than soil organic carbon pool. For these regions, size and turnover of soil inorganic carbon pool play important role in soil carbon balance. Pedogenic carbonate is product of soil genesis process. It is closely related with the solution/deposition balance of soil lithogenic carbonate and the CO2 re-turnover of the decomposition of soil organic carbon. Stable carbon isotope composition of pedogenic carbonate is controlled by the isotopic values of soil CO2, which can be stimulated by unsaturated zone gas steady-state diffusion-production model. Under the carbonate system (soil CO2(g), carbonate, and soil solution) isotopic equilibrium condition, simulation result, from molecular diffusion of biologically produced CO2 and carbonate chemical equilibria reaction model, shows that pedogenic carbonate is enriched by approximately 14‰~16‰ stable C isotope compared to the value of soil organic matter. The diffusion-production model and/or fractionation model can been used to quantify disseminated pedogenic carbonate accumulations, to partition the proportion of pedogenic carbonate in laminations, and to assess quantificationally the effect of land use practices on carbonate solution/deposition balance. That application makes the model very useful in understanding the global carbon cycle.


[1] Cerling T E, Wang Y. Stable carbon and oxygen isotopes in soil CO2 and soil carbonate: Theory, practice, and application to some prairie soils of the upper Midwestern North America[C]Yamasaki S, Boutton T W, eds. Mass Spectrometry of Soils. New York: Marcel Dekker Inc,1996:113-131.

[2] Eswaran H, Reich F, Kimble J M. Global soil carbon stocks[C]Lal R, Kimble J, Eswaran H, eds. Global Climate Change and Pedogenic Carbonates. Florida: Lewis Publishers, 2000:15-26.

[3] Pan Genxing. Pedogenic carbonates in aridic soils of China and the significance in terrestrial carbon transfer[J]. Journal of Nanjing Agricultural University,1999,22(1):52-57. [潘根兴.中国干旱性地区土壤发生性碳酸盐及其在陆地系统碳转移上的意义[J].南京农业大学学报,1999,22(1):52-57.]

[4] Pan G, Guo T. Pedogenic carbonate of aridic soil in China and its significance in carbon sequestration in terrestrial systems[C]Lal R, Kimble J, Eswaran H, et al. Global Climate Change and Pedogenic Carbonates. Florida: Lewis Publishers, 2000:135-147.

[5] Cerling T E, Quade J. Stable carbon and oxygen isotopes in soil carbonates[C]Swart P, McKenzie J A, Lohmann K C, eds. Climate Change in Continental Isotopic Records. Washington DC: American Geophysical Union, 1993:217-231.

[6] Nordt L C, Wilding L P, Hallmark C T, et al. Carbon isotope composition of soil carbonates and their use in studying pedogenesis[C]Yamasaki S, Boutton T W, eds. Mass Spectrometry of Soils. New York: Marcel Dekker Inc, 1996:133-154.

[7] Mermut A R, Amoundson R, Cerling T E. The use of stable isotopes in studying carbonate dynamics in soils[C]Lal R, Kimble J, Eswaran H, eds. Global Climate Change and Pedogenic Carbonates. Florida: Lewis Publishers, 2000:65-85.

[8] Boutton T W, Nordt L C, Archer S R, et al. Stable carbon isotope ratios of soil organic matter and their potential use as indicators of paleoclimate[C]IAEA, ed. Isotope Techniques in the Study of Past and Current Environmental Changes in the Hydrosphere and the Atmosphere.Vienna: International Atomic Energy Agency, 1993:445-459.

[9] O'Leary M H. Carbon isotopes in photosynthesis[J]. Bioscience, 1988, 38(5): 328-336.

[10] Boutton T W. Stable carbon isotope ratios of natural materials, II. Atmospheric, terrestrial, marine, and freshwater environments[C]Coleman D C, Fry B, eds. Carbon Isotope Techniques. New York: Academic Press, 1991:173-185.

[11] Singh J S, Gupta W H. Plant decomposition and soil respiration in terrestrial ecosystems[J]. Botanic Review,1977, 43:4 492-5 291.

[12] Bowden R D, Nadelhoffer K J, Boone R D, et al. Contributions of above ground litter, below ground litter, and root respiration to total soil respiration in a temperate mixed hardwood forest[J]. Canadian Journal of Forest Research,1993,23:1 402-1 407.

[13] Cerling T E, Solomon D K, Quade J, et al. On the composition of carbon in soil carbon dioxide[J]. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 1991, 55:3 403-3 405.

[14] Cerling T E. The stable isotope composition of modern soil carbonate and its relationship to climate[J]. Earthand  Planetary Science Letter,1984, 71: 229-240.

[15] Pan Genxing, Cao Jianhua, Zhou Yunchao. Soil carbon and its significance in carbon cycle of earth surface system[J]. Quaternary,2000,20(4):325-334.[潘根兴,曹建华,周运超.土壤碳及其在地球表层系统碳循环中的意义[J].第四纪研究,2000,20(4):325-334.]

[16] Han Jiamao, Jiang Wenying, Lü Houyuan, et al. Carbon and oxygen isotope composition of carbonate concretions in loess: II Carbon isotope and paleoaridity[J]. Quaternary Science,1995,16(4):367-376. [韩家懋,姜文英,吕厚远,.黄土中钙结核的碳氧同位素研究()碳同位素及其古环境意义[J].第四纪研究,1995,16(4):367-376. ]

[17] Cerling T E. Stable carbon isotopes in palaeosol carbonates[J]. Special Pubslication of the international Association of Sedimentologists,1999, 27: 43-60.

[18] Craig H. The geochemistry of the stable carbon isotopes[J]. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta,1953, 3: 53-92.

[19] Salomons W, Mook W G. Isotope geochemistry of carbonate dissolution and reprecipitation in soils[J]. Soil Science, 1976, 122: 15-24.

[20] Salomons W, Mook W G. Isotope geochemistry of carbonates in the weathering zone[C]Fritz P, Frontes J C, eds. Handbook of Environmental Isotope Geochemistry. The Terrestrial Environmental B. Amsterdam: Elsevier, 1986:239-269.

[21] Zheng S, Wang Y, Chen C. Studies on the stable isotopes in carbonates in Luochuan loess section: Applicability of the Ca nodules as paleoclimate indicators[C]Liu T, ed. Aspects of Loess Research. Beijing:China Ocean Press,1987:283-290.

[22] Quade J, Cerling T E, Bowman J R. Systematic variations in the carbon and oxygen isotopic composition of pedogenic carbonate along elevation transects in the southern Great Basin, United States[J]. Geological Society America Bulletin,1989,101:464-475.

[23] Marion G H, Introne D S, Van Cleve K. The stable isotope geochemistry of CaCO3 on the Tanana River floodplain of interior Alaska, U.S.A.: Composition and mechanisms of formation[J]. Chemical Geology (Isotope Geoscience Section.),1991, 86: 97-110.

[24] Cerling T E, Quade J, Wang Y, et al. Carbon isotopes in soils and paleosols as ecological and paleoecolological indicators[J]. Nature,1989, 341: 138-139.

[25] Rabenhorst M C, Wilding L P, West L T. Identification of pedogenic carbonates using stable carbon isotope and microfabric analyses[J]. Soil Science Society of America Journal,1984,48:125-132.

[26] Deines P, Langmuir D, Harmon R S. Stable carbon isotope ratios and the existence of a gas phase in the evolution of groundwater[J]. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 1974, 38:1 147-1 164.

[27] Nordt L C, Hallmark C T, Wilding L P, et al. Quantifying pedogenic carbonate accumulations using stable carbon isotopes[J]. Geoderma,1998, 82:115-136.

[28] West L T, Drees L R, Wilding L P, et al. Differentiation of pedogenic and lithogenic carbonate forms in Texas[J]. Geoderma,1988,43:271-287.

[29] Davidson G R. The stable isotopic composition and measurement of carbon in soil CO2[J]. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta,1995,59:2 485-2 489.

[30] Kelly E F, Amundson R G, Marino B D, et al. Stable carbon isotopic composition of carbonate in Holocene grassland soils[J]. Soil Science Society of America Journal,1991,55:1 651-1 658.

[31] Cole D R, Monger H C. Influence of atmospheric CO2 on the decline of C4 plants during the last deglaciation[J]. Nature,1994, 368: 533-536.

[32] Wang Y, Cerling T E, Effland W R. Stable isotope ratios of soil carbonate and soil organic matter as indicators of forest invasion of prairie near Ames, Iowa[J]. Oecologia,1993, 95: 365-369.

[33] Amundson R G, Chadwick O A, Sowers J M, et al. The stable isotope chemistry of pedogenic carbonates at Kyle Canyon, Nevada[J]. Soil Science Society of America Journal,1989,53 (1): 201-210.

[34] Amundson R G, Lund L J. Stable Isotope Geochemistry of a native ad irrigated Typic Natrargid in the San Joaquin Valley of California[J]. Soil Science Society of America Journal,1987, 51: 761-767.

[35] Wang D l, Anderson D W. Stable carbon isotopes of carbonate pendants from Chernozemic soils of Saskatchewan, Canada[J]. Geoderma,1998, 84: 309-322.

[36] Landi A, Mermut A R, Anderson D W. Origin and rate of pedogenic carbonate accumulationin in Saskatchewan soils, Canada[J]. Geoderma, 2003, 117: 143-156.

[37] Courty M A, Marlin C, Dever L, et al. The properties, genesis and environmental significance of calcitic pendents from the High Arctic Spitsbergen[J]. Geoderma,1994, 61: 71-102.

[38] Yong Il Lee, Ken ichiro Hisada. Stable isotopic composition of pedogenic carbonates of the Early Cretaceous Shimonoseki Subgroup, western Honshu, Japan[J]. Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology,1999,153: 127-138.

[39] Cerling T E. Use of carbon isotopes in paleosols as an indicator of the p(CO2) of the paleoatmosphere[J]. Global Biogeochemical Cycles,1992, 6: 307-314.

[40] Magaritz M, Amiel A J. Calcium carbonate in a calcareous soil from the Jordan Valley, Israel: Its origin as revealed by the stable carbon isotope method[J]. Soil Science Society of America Journal,1980,44:1 059-1 062.

[41] Magaritz M, Amiel A. Influence of intense cultivation and irrigation on soil properties in the Jordon Valley, Israel: Recrystallization of Carbonate Minerals[J]. Soil Science Society of America Journal,1981, 45: 1 201-1 205.

[42] Amundson R G, Smith V S. Effects of irrigation on the chemical properties of a soil in the west San Joaquin Valley Califonia[J]. Arid Soil Research Rehabilitation,1988,2:1-17.

[43] Selehi M H, Khademi H, Eghbal M K, et al. Stable isotope geochemistry of carbonates and organic carbon in selected soils from Chaharmahal Bakhtiari province, Iran[J]. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis,2004,35:1 681-1 697.

No related articles found!