Arnaud N, Delville N, Montel J M, et al. Paleozoic to Cenozoic Deformation along the Altyn Tagh Fault in the Altun Shan Massif area, Eastern Qilianshan, NE Tibet, China[Z]. American Geophysical Union Annual Meeting Abstracts, 1999:F1018.
 “Altun Active Fault Zone” Team, State Seismlogical Bureau. Altun Active Fault Zone[M]. Beijing: Seismlogical Publishing House, 1992.
 Bendick R, Bilham R, Freymueller J, et al. Geodetic evidence for a low slip rate in the Altyn Tagh fault system[J]. Nature, 2000, 404: 69-72.
 Bradley D R, Ulderico B. Magnitude of post-Middle Jurassic (Bajocian) displacement on the central Altyn Tagh fault system, northwest China[J]. GSA Bulletin,2000, 112(1): 61-74.
 Cowgill E, An Y, Wang X F, et al. Is the north Altyn fault part of a strike-slip duplex along the Altyn Tagh fault system?[J]. Geology,2000,28(3):255-258.
 Cui J W, Li L, Yang J S, et al. The Altun fault: Its geometry, nature and mode of growth[J]. Acta Geologica Sinica, 2001, 75 (2): 133-143.
 Edward R S, Arnaud N. A possible middle Paleozoic suture in the Altyn Tagh, NW China[J]. Tectonics,1999,18 (1): 64-74.
 Wittlinger G, Tapponnier P, Poupinet G, et al. Tomographic evidence for localized lithoshperic shear along the Altyn Tagh fault[J]. Science,1998, 282: 74-76.
 Guo S M, Xiang H F. A study on spatial 2 temporal distribution of the fault sinistral displacement in the Altun structure system since Oligocene-Miocene[J]. Seismology and Geology,1998, 20(1): 92, 17.
 Jolivet M, Roger F, Arnaud N. Exhumation history of the Altun Shan with evidence for the timing of the subduction of the Tarim block beneath the Altyn Tagh system, North Tibet[J]. Earth & Planetary Science, 1999, 329: 749-755.
 Li H B, Yang J S, Xu Z Q, et al. Geological and chronological evidence of Indo-Chinese strike-slip movement in the Altyn Tagh fault zone[J]. Chinese Science Bulletin,2002,1(2):27-32.
 Liu Y J, Ye H W, Ge X H, et al. Laser probe 40Ar/39Ar dating of micas on the deformed rocks from Altyn fault and its tectonic implications, western China[J]. Chinese Science Bulletin, 2001, 46(4): 322-325.
 Molnar P, Tapponnier P. Cenozoic tectonics of Asia: Effect of a continental collision[J]. Science,1975,189: 419-426.
 Royden L H, Burchfiel B C, King B W, et al. Surface deformation and lower crustal flow in eastern Tibet[J]. Science, 1997, 276: 788-790.
 Ren S M, Ge X H, Liu Y J. Progress in Altyn fault belts research[J]. Advance in Earth Sciences, 2003, 18(3):386-391.
 Rumelhart P E, An Y, Cowgill E, et al. Cenozoic vertical axis rotation of the Altyn Tagh fault system[J]. Geology, 1999, 27(9): 819-822.
 Sobel E R, Arnaud N. A possible middle Paleozoic suture in the Altyn Tagh, NW China[J]. Tectonics,1999,18(1): 64-74.
 Tapponnier P, Molnar P. Active faulting and Cenozoic tectonics of China[J]. Journal of Geophysical Research,1977, 82(20):2 905-2 930.
 Washburnl Z, Arrowsmith J R, Steven L F, et al. Late Holocene earthquake history of the central Altyn Tagh fault, China[J]. Geology,2001, 29(11):1 051-1 054.
 Yang F,Ye S J, Cao C H, et al. Right lateral characteristics of the Middle Eastern segment of Altun fault in Cenozoic era[J]. Scientia Geologica Sinica,1994,29(4): 346-354.
 Yue Y J, Bradley D R, Graham S A. Initiation and long-term slip history of the Altyn Tagh fault[J]. International Geology Review, 2001, 43:1-7.
 Zhang J X, Zhang Z M, Xu Z Q, et al. Discovery of khondalite series from the western segment of Altyn Tagh and their petrological and geochronological studies[J]. Science in China(Series D), 2000, 43(3): 308-316.
 Zheng J D. Geometry of the Altun fracture zone[J]. Regional Geology of China,1991,(1):54-59.
 Zhou Y, Pan Y S. The initial shear sense of the Altun fault and its timing[J]. Geological Review, 1999, 45(1):1-9.
 Zhou D, Stephan A G. Extrusion of the Altyn Tagh wedge: A kinematic model for the Altyn Tagh fault and palinspastic reconstruction of northern China[J]. Geology, 1996, 24(5): 427- 430.
 Zhu Y Z, Zhong J H, Wu B H, et al. Preliminary approach to relationship between uplifting history of Altun mountains and salt forming condition in Tarim and Qaidam basins[J]. Oil & Gas Geology, 1990, 11(2):136-142.
 Ding G Y. River offsets of active strike-slip faults and earthquakes[J]. Earthquake, 1982,1: 1-8.
 He G Q, Zhang B A, Liao Y M, et al. Discussion on the microgas distribution and the recent activity of Aerjin fault[J]. Northwestern Seismological Journal,1989,11(1):16-20.
 Gaudemer Y, Tapponnier P, Turcotte D L. River offsets across active strike-slip fault[J]. Annales Tectonica, 1989,3(2): 55-76.
 Guo S M, Xiang H F. A study on spayial-tempeoral distribution of the fault sinistral displacement in the Altun structure system since Oligocene-Miocene[J]. Seismology and Geology,1998,20(1): 9 -17.
 Meng Q R, Hu J M, Yang F Z. Timing and magnitude of displacement on the Altyn Tagh fault: Constrains from stratigraphic correlation of adjioining Tarim and Qaidam basins, NW China[J]. Terra Nova,2001,13:86-91.
 Meyer B, Tapponnier P, Gaudemer Y, et al. Rate of left-lateral movement along the easternmost segment of the Altyn Tagh fault, east of 96°E(China)[J]. Geophysical Journal of International,1996,124:29-44.
 Peltzer G, Tapponnier P. Formation and evolution of strike-slip faults, rifts, and basins during the India-Asia collision: An experimental approach[J]. Journal of Geophysical Research,1988,93:15 085-15 117.
 Peltzer G, Tapponnier P, Armijo R. Magnitude of late Quaternary left-lateral displacements along the northern edge of Tibet[J]. Science,1989,246:1 285-1 289.
 Wang E C. Displacement and timing along the northern strand of the Altyn Tagh fault zone, northern Tibet[J]. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 1997, 150: 55-64.
 Tapponnier P, Molnar P. Slip-line field theory and large-scale continental tectonics[J]. Nature,1976,264:319-324.
 Tapponnier P, Xu Z Q, Roger F, et al. Oblique stepwise rise and growth of the Tibet Plateau[J]. Science,2001.294:1 671-1 677.
 Xiang H F, Guo S M, Zhang W X, et al. River offset and slip rate of the east segment of Altyn Tagh fault zone since Quaternary[J]. Seismology and Geology,2000,22(2):129-138.
 Zachary Washburnl, Arrowsmith J R, Steven L F, et al. Late Holocene earthquake history of the central Altyn Tagh fault, China[J]. Geology, 2001,29(11):1 051-1 054.
 Hess J, Bender M L, Schilling J, et al. Evolution of the ratio of strontium 87 to strontium 86 in seawater from Cretaceous to Present[J]. Science,1986,231:979-984.
 Rozanski K, Araguas L, Gonfiantini R. Relation between long-term trends of oxygen-18 isotope composition of precipitation and climate[J]. Science,1992,258:981-985.
 Rademacher L K, Clark J F, Hudson G B. Temporal changes in stable isotope composition of spring waters: Implications for recent changes in climate and atmospheric circulation[J]. Geology,2002,30(2):139-142.
 Dataset: http://isohis.iaea.org/news.asp,2005.
 Zhang H C, Ma Y Z, Wünnemann B, et al. A Holocene climatic record from arid northwestern China[J]. Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatogy Palaeoeco,2000,162:389-401.
 Chen Bailin, Dang Guangmin, Cui Wei, et al. Advances in study of crustal stability in Hexi Corridor, Northwestern China[J]. Journal of Geomechanics,2003,3:14-20.
 Chen Longheng, Qu Yaoguang, et al. Rational Development and utilization of Water and Land Resources in Hexi Region[M]. Beijing: Science Press, 1992.
 Chen Longheng. Land desertification and its control in the lower reaches of Heihe River[J]. Natural Resources,1996,1:35-43.
 Ding Hongwei, Wang Guiling, Huang Xiaohui. Runoff reduction into Hongyashan reservior and analysis on water resources crisis of Minqin Oasis[J]. Journal of Desert Research,2003,1:84-89.
 Ding Hongwei, Zhang Ju. The problem of environment caused by groundwater level continuous decline in the inland basins of arid area, Northwest China[J]. Hydrology and Engineering Geology,2002, 3:71-75.
 Ding Hongwei, Yao Xingrong, Yan Chengyun, et al. Orientation of water seeking in the area of water shortage located in Qilianshan Mountain pediment of Hexi Corridor[J]. Hydrology and Engineering Geology,2002,6:17-34.
 Dong Zhi, Yao Yunfeng, Li Hongli, et al. Present situation and countermeasure comprehensive restoration of the ecoenvironment of Ejina Oasis[J]. Journal of Arid Land Resources and Environment,2000,14 (Suppl.): 1-4.
 Dong Guanrong, Gao Quanzhou, Zou Xueyong, et al. Climatic changes in the southern fringe of Badain Jaran, since the Late Pleistocene[J]. Chinese Science Bulletin,1995,40(13):1 214-1 218.
 Earth Sciences Division of Chinese Academy of Sciences. Investigation report of water uses and ecological rescues[J]. Advances of Earth Science,1996,11(1):124.
 Earth Sciences Division of Chinese Academy of Sciences. Urgent recommendation on rescuing Ejina Oasis[J]. Advances of Earth Sciences, 1996, 11(1):526.
 Gao Qianzhao, Li Fuxing, et al. Case Study of Rational Development and Utilization of Water Resources in the Heihe River Basin[M]. Lanzhou: Gansu Science and Technology Press, 1991.
 Gao Qianzhao, Li Xiaoyan, Wu Yanqing, Hu Xinglin, Transformation of water resources in the inland iver basins of Hexi region[J]. Journal of Glaciaology and Geocryology,2004, 26(1): 48-54.
 Gao Quanzhou, Dong Guangrong, Li Baosheng, et al. Evolution of southern fringe of Badain Jaran Desert since late Pleistocene[J]. Journal of Desert Research,1995,15(4):345-352.
 Gong Jiadong, Dong Guangrong, Li Sen, et al. Degradation of physical environment and its control in Ejina Oasis at the lower reaches of Heihe river[J].Journal of Desert Research,1998,18(1):44-50.
 Hu Chunyuan, Li Yubao, Gao Yong, et al. Realtions of changes of ecological environment and human being activities in Heihe lower reaches[J]. Journal of Arid Land Resources and Environment, 2000, 14 (suppl.):10-14.
 Lan Yongchao,kang Ersi,Zhang Jishi,et al. Trends and characteristics on mountainous runoff in Hexi inland arid region[J]. Journal of Desert research,2002,22(2):135-141.
 Ma Jinzhu, Wei Hong. The ecological and environmental problems caused by the excessive exploitation and utilization of groundwater resources in the Minqin basin, Gansu Province[J]. Arid Zone Research,2003,20(4):262-265.
 Mebus A Geyh, Gu Weizu, Liu yong, et al. Isotopically anomalous groundwater of Alxa plateau, Inner Mongolia[J]. Advances in Water Science,1998, 9(4): 333-337.
 Qu Jianjun,Chang Xueli,Dong Guangrong,et al. Fractal behavior of aeolian sand landform in typical Magedune area of Badain Jaran desert[J].Journal of Desert Research,2003,23(4):361-365.
 Wang Genxu, Cheng Guodong. Changes of hydrologyand ecological environment during late 50 years in Heihe River Basin[J]. Journal of Desert Research,1998, 18(3): 233-238.
 Wang P H. The disputes on water utilization and distribution system in Hexi Corridor of the Qing Dynasty[J]. Journal of Agriculture in Present and Past,2004,(2):60-67.
 Wu Yanqing, Mu Fuqiang, He Yixian, et al. Analysis of the transformation path between stream flow and groundwater from Dingxin to Shaomaying in Heihe River, Catchment west China[J]. Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology, 2000,22(1):73-77.
 Wu Yi, Guo Jianqiang, Zhu Qingjun, et al. Geophysical prospecting techniques for the interchange between bedrock water and plan water[J]. Acta Geoscientic Sinica,2004,25(3):369-372.
 Wuennemann B, Pachur H J, Zhang H. Climatic and environmental changes in the deserts of Inner Mongolia, China, since the Late Pleistocene[C]∥Alsharhan A S, et al, eds. Quaternary Deserts and Climatic Changes. Balkema,1998:381-394.
 Yan Mancun, Wang Guangqian, Li Baosheng, et al. Formation and growth of high Megadunes in Badain Jaran desert[J]. Acta Geogrphica Sinica,2001,56(1):83-91.[闫满存,王光谦,李保生,等.巴丹吉林沙漠高大沙山的形成发育研究[J].地理学报,2001,56(1):83-91.]
 Yang Xiaoping. Landscape types and its formation mechanism in the Badain Jaran Desert and its surrounding areas[J]. Journal of Desert Research, 2000, 20(2):166-170.
 Yang Xiaoping. Water chemistry of the lakes in the Badain Jaran desert and their Holocene evolution[J]. Quaternary Sciences, 2002,22(2):97-104.
 Zhang Huiling, Yang Xiaoling, Liu Mingchun, et al. Climate variation in eastern Hexi corridor and countermeasures for utilizing climatic resources[J]. Meteorological Science and Technology, 2004, 32(2):101-104.
 Ma Yuzhen, Zhang Hucai, Li Jijun, et al. Wünnemann, A study on the palynoflora and climatic environment during Late Pleistocene in Tengger Desert[J]. Acta Botanica Sinica in Chinese with English abstract,1998,40(9):871-879.
 Peng Jinan, Zhang Hucai, Ma Yuzhen. Late Pleistocene limnic ostracods and their environmental significance in the Tengger Desert, northwestern China[J]. Acta Micropalaeontologica Sinica,1998, 15(1):22-30.
 Wünnemann B, Pachur H J, Li Jijun, et al. Chronologie der pleistoz nen undholoz nen Seepiegelschwankungen des Gaxun Nur/Sogo Nur und Baijian Hu, Innere Mongolei, NW-China[J]. Petermanns Geographische Mitteilungen, 1998, 142:191-206.
 Feng Zhaodong, Chen Fahu, Zhang Hucai, et al. Contribution to global change of Mongolian Plateau and Loess Plateau in the Last Glaciation and Interglacial periods[J]. Journal of Desert Research,2000,20(2):172-177.
 Zhang H C, Ma Yuzhen, Bernd Wnnemann, et al. Abrupt climate changes during last glacial period in NW China[J]. Geophysical Research Letters,2001,28(16):3 203-3 206.
 Zhang H C, Bernd W nnemann, Ma Yuzhen, et al. Lake level and climate change between 42 000 and 18 000 14C years BP in Tengger desert, NW China[J]. Quaternary Research, 2002, 58:62-72.
 Zhang Hucai, Ma Yuzhen, Pen Jinlan, et al. Palaeolake and palaeoenvironment between 42-18ka BP in Tengger Desert, NW China[J]. Chinese Science Bulletin,2002, 47(23):1 946-1 956.
 Ma Yuzhen, Zhang Hucai, Pachur H J, et al. Late Glacial and Holocene vegetation history and paleoclimate of the Tengger Desert, northwestern China[J]. Chinese Science Bulletin,2003,48(14):1 457-1 463.
 Zhang H C, Pachur H J, W nnemann B, et al. Late Quaternary development and levels of palaeolakes in Tengger desert, NW China[J]. Palaeogeoraphy, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology,2004, 211:41-58.
 Ma Yuzhen, Zhang Hucai, Pachur Hans J, et al. Modern Pollen-Based Interpretations of the Middle Holocene Paleoclimate (8500 to 3000yr cal BP) in the Southern margin of the Tengger Desert, NW China[J]. The Holocene,2004, 14(6):841-850.
 Shi Yafeng, Yu Ge, Liu Xiaodong, et al. Reconstruction of the 30/40 ka BP enhanced Indian monsoon climate based on geological records from the Tibetan Plateau[J]. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 2001, 169:69-83.
 Shi Yafeng, Jia Yulian, Yu Ge, et al. Features, impacts and causes of the high temperature and large precipitation event in the Tibetan Plateau and its adjacent area during 40/30 ka BP[J]. Journal of Lake Sciences,2002,14(1):1-11.
 Shi Yafeng, Yu Ge. Warm-humid climate and transgressions during 40/30 ka BP and their potential mechanisms[J]. Quaternary Sciences,2003,1:1-11.
 Yang Bao, Shi Yafeng. Warm-humid climate in northwest China during the period of 40/40 ka BP geological records and origin[J]. Quaternary Sciences,2003,1:60-68.